07 wonders


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07 wonders

  2. 2. Year of Construction: 1631-1653 Built By: Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan Spread Over: 42 acres Significance: One of the : Seven Wonders of the World Taj Mahal of India - "the epitome of love", "a monument of immeasurable beauty ". The beauty of this magnificent monument is such that it is beyond the scope of words. The thoughts that come into the mind while watching the Taj Mahal of Agra is not just its phenomenal beauty, but the immense love which was the reason behind its construction. Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan got this monument constructed in the memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal, with whom he fell in love at the first sight. The very first sight of the Taj Mahal, the epitome of love and romance leaves one mesmerized.  TAJ MAHAL
  3. 3. <ul><li>The Great Pyramid of Giza stands on the northern edge of the Giza Plateau, located about 10 miles west of Cairo. It is composed of over 2 ½ million blocks of limestone, which weigh from 2 to 70 tons each. </li></ul><ul><li>It's base covers over 13 acres and its volume is around 90,000,000 cubic feet. You could build 30 Empire State buildings with its masonry. It is 454 feet high which is equivalent to a modern 48-story building. There are currently 203 courses or steps to its summit. Each of the four triangular sides slope upward from the base at an angle of 51 degrees 51 minutes and each side has an area of 5 1/2 acres. The joints between adjacent blocks fit together with optical precision and less than a fiftieth of an inch separates the blocks. The cement that was used is extremely fine and strong and defies chemical analysis. Today, with all our modern science and engineering, we would not be able to build a Great Pyramid of Giza. The Great Pyramid is thought to have been erected around 2600 BC during the reign of  Khufu (Cheops). Next to the Great Pyramid stands 2 additional large pyramids. The slightly smaller one is attributed to Cheop's son and successor , Kephren. The other, still smaller, is attributed to Kephren’s successor, the grandson of Cheops, Mykerionos. To the south-east of the Great Pyramid lies the Sphinx. The total number of identified pyramids in Egypt is about 80.  </li></ul>PYRAMIDS OF GIZA
  4. 4. <ul><li>Mount Rushmore National Memorial  is a  sculpture  carved into the  granite  face of Mount Rushmore near  Keystone ,  South Dakota , in the  United States . Sculpted by Gutzon Borglum  and later by his son  Lincoln Borglum , Mount Rushmore features 60-foot (18 m) sculptures of the heads of former  United States presidents  (in order from left to right)  George Washington ,  Thomas Jefferson ,  Theodore Roosevelt  and  Abraham Lincoln . [1]  The entire memorial covers 1,278.45 acres (5.17 km2) [2]  and is 5,725 feet (1,745 m) above sea level. [3] </li></ul>MOUNT RUSHMORE
  5. 5. The Colosseum - the greatest  amphitheatre  of the antiquity - was built in Rome, Italy, about 1920 years ago. It is considered an architectural and engineering wonder, and remains as a standing proof of both the grandeur and the cruelty of the Roman world. After the splendour of imperial times, the Colosseum was abandoned, and in turn it became a fortress for the medieval clans of the city, a source of building materials, a picturesque scenery for painters, a place of Christian worship. Today it is a challenge for the archaeologists and a scenario for events and shows. COLOSSEUM
  6. 6. <ul><li>The Great Wall of China was built over 2,000 years ago, by Qin Shi Huangdi, the first emperor of China during the Qin (Ch’in) Dynasty (221 B.C – 206 B.C.). In Chinese the wall is called “Wan-Li Qang-Qeng” which means 10,000-Li Long Wall (10,000 Li = abou The Great Wall is one of the largest building construction projects ever completed. It stretches across the mountains of northern China, winding north and northwest of Beijing. It is constructed of masonry, rocks and packed-earth. It was over 5,000 km (=10,000 Li) long. Its thickness ranged from about 4.5 to 9 meters (15 to 30 feet) and was up to 7.5 meters (25 feet) tat 5,000 km). </li></ul>The Great Wall of China
  7. 7. Machu Picchu – &quot;Old Peaks&quot; is a pre-Columbian  15th-century  Inca  site located 2,430 metres   above sea level . It is situated on a mountain ridge above the  Urubamba Valley  in  Peru , which is 80 kilometres northwest of  Cusco  and through which the  Urubamba River  flows. Most archaeologists  believe that Machu Picchu was built as an estate for the Inca emperor Pachacuti , Often referred to as &quot;The Lost City of the Incas.&quot; Machu Picchu was built in the classical Inca style, with polished  dry-stone walls . Its three primary buildings are the  Intihuatana , the  Temple of the Sun , and the  Room of the Three Windows . These are located in what is known by archaeologists as the  Sacred District  of Machu Picchu. MACHU PICHU
  8. 8. <ul><li>Christ the Redeemer, a large art deco-style effigy, is located in  Rio de Janeiro , Brazil and stands 38 meters high. The statue is located at the summit of Corcovado mountain  in Tijuca Forest National Park standing at 710 meters and looking over the city </li></ul><ul><li>In Portugese, this iconic monument is known as Cristo Redentor. The original design of the Christ the Redeemer statue was born by a man named Oswald. He designed it to have a globe in one hand and stand over a pedestal symbolizing the world but the design was not agreed upon. Another proposal for a monument was prepared and made in 1921 by the archdiocese of Rio de Janeiro. He organized an event named Seman de Monumento (&quot;Monument Week&quot;) in hopes of attracting donations, which were attained mainly by Brazilian Catholics who readily awaited a design decision for an effigy. </li></ul>CHRIS THE REDEEMER