News basics


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Introduction to a newspaper and writing for the news.

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News basics

  1. 1. Journalism- Unit 4 News Basics P. Denton January, 2010
  2. 2. What is news? <ul><li>A report of a current event in a newspaper or on radio, TV, internet, or even word of mouth. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Sources of News <ul><li>Newspapers </li></ul><ul><li>TV </li></ul><ul><li>Magazines </li></ul><ul><li>Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Billboards </li></ul><ul><li>Radio </li></ul><ul><li>Letters/Notes </li></ul><ul><li>Word of Mouth </li></ul><ul><li>Telephone </li></ul><ul><li>Texting </li></ul><ul><li>Email </li></ul><ul><li>Blogs </li></ul><ul><li>Books </li></ul>
  4. 4. You and the News <ul><li>Where do you get most of your news? </li></ul><ul><li>What source of news is the most accurate? </li></ul><ul><li>Which of these is most entertaining? </li></ul><ul><li>Why do people provide the news? </li></ul><ul><li>Why are people interested in getting news? </li></ul><ul><li>Who controls the news? </li></ul>
  5. 5. What is in a newspaper? Advertising Editorial Content
  6. 6. What is in a newspaper? Advertising Editorial Content <ul><li>Paid </li></ul><ul><li>Classifieds </li></ul><ul><li>Display Ads </li></ul><ul><li>60% of the paper </li></ul><ul><li>Ads get put in first! </li></ul><ul><li>Controlled by the editor </li></ul><ul><li>Written by reporters </li></ul><ul><li>40% of the paper </li></ul><ul><li>Articles fill up the rest of the paper (News Hole) </li></ul>
  7. 7. 3 Different Types of News <ul><li>Hard News </li></ul><ul><ul><li>World news </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State news </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>City news </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local news </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Business </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Events & Issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weather & Construction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Death Notices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facts not opinions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually in the first section of the paper </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Soft News </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Entertainment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Food </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Travel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Celebrity Gossip </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Editorials (opinions) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Obituary </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Features (type of soft) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Syndicated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Horoscopes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reviews </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advice </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. In daily newspapers most hard news stories are written in the Inverted Pyramid style.
  9. 10. <ul><li>Reasons for the Inverted Pyramid: </li></ul><ul><li>Makes reading easier and faster </li></ul><ul><li>Enables the hurried reader to get all the important facts in a very short period of time </li></ul><ul><li>Satisfies curiosity in a logical way </li></ul><ul><li>Makes page makeup easier </li></ul><ul><li>Makes the work of the editor easier </li></ul>
  10. 11. The first paragraph of a news story contains the most important information. This is called the Summary Lead , because it summarizes the most important facts about the story.
  11. 12. <ul><li>Characteristics of a good Summary Lead </li></ul><ul><li>Briefest possible summary of a story, usually no more than 25 words. </li></ul><ul><li>Includes only those Ws and H that are important. These usually include the What , Who and sometimes When , and sometimes the So What . </li></ul>
  12. 13. What are the Ws and H <ul><li>Who </li></ul><ul><li>What </li></ul><ul><li>When </li></ul><ul><li>Where </li></ul><ul><li>Why </li></ul><ul><li>How </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>Characteristics of a good Summary Lead </li></ul><ul><li>Usually only one paragraph but may be more. It is easier to read two short paragraphs than one long one. </li></ul><ul><li>Usually starts with the feature of the story, the most important fact. </li></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>Characteristics of a good Summary Lead </li></ul><ul><li>Quickly summarizes in the first few words the most important fact of the story. </li></ul><ul><li>The What is usually the most used feature of a lead, followed closely by the Who . (The Who should be used only when the name itself is clearly the most important fact.) </li></ul>
  15. 16. The lead tells the most important part of the story, and the body of the story gives the other facts in decreasing order of importance.