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The Education of Academic Library Deans


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Research regarding the educational background of deans of American Research Library member institutions. Study looks at both degree types and subjects.

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The Education of Academic Library Deans

  1. 1. THE EDUCATIONALBACKGROUNDOF ACADEMICLIBRARY DEANS Starr Hoffman Annie Downey University of North Texas QQML, May 28, 2010 Chania, Crete, Greece
  2. 2. ABSTRACT This study uses quantitative methods to study the degrees and majors of all 123 academic library deans at Association of Research Libraries (ARL) institutions. This study shows trends in hiring deans as well as commonalities among those interested in administrative library positions.
  3. 3. METHODOLOGY sample size = 104 ARL* library deans  started with the 123 library deans currently listed in ARL directory  listwise deletion of cases for those missing specific data  most of these were only missing a small amount of information, such as the subjects of degrees or dates they were earned chose ARL deans because:  well-defined group  small size = easy to gather information on majority of deans  may serve as a model for other libraries* Association of Research Libraries
  4. 4. METHODOLOGY document analysis:  library websites  staff directories  dean welcome pages  dean bios  university academic catalogs  faculty directories  faculty profiles  CVs  press releases  library newsletters  publications  ARL minutes, news, etc. solicited any missing information by email
  5. 5. METHODOLOGY information gathered includes:  presence or absence of a library science degree  presence or absence of a doctoral degree  other degrees earned  length of time in current dean position (year hired)  specific title of their position  major subjects of study  Carnegie classification of institution at which the degrees were earned
  6. 6. THE DATA
  7. 7. RESEARCH QUESTIONS Are newer deans:  more likely to possess a doctorate?  more likely to possess an advanced degree in addition to the masters in library science? What percentage of deans have a masters in library science? Are deans with PhDs more or less likely to also possess a masters in library science? How many deans’ PhDs are in library science?
  8. 8. DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS total ARL Deans / Directors  56 male  69 female current study includes 104  45 male  59 female 71% hired for current position after 2000 68% of doctorate holders were hired after 2000 only 24% have doctoral degrees
  9. 9. DEANS AND DIRECTORS HIRE DATES Year Hired for Current Position 7% 35% 22% 1980-89 1990-99 2000-05 2006-10 36%
  10. 10. MLS ONLY 35.6% have MLS with no additional advanced degree MLS only (by year of hire) 72.9% of MLS-only 2.70% holders were hired since 2000 1980-89 24.30% 43.20% 1990-99 2000-05 2006-10 29.70%
  11. 11. ADVANCED DEGREES HELD90.00%80.00%70.00%60.00%50.00% w/o MLS 81.70%40.00% w/ MLS30.00% 5.80%20.00% 38.50% 14.40%10.00% 3.80%* 0.00% Doctorate MLS MLS + 2nd* possession of MLS unknown Masters
  12. 12. ADVANCED DEGREE SUBJECTS(OTHER THAN THE MLS) 12.5% American or European History 7.7% MBA 6.7% Education 3.8% Public Administration 2.9%  English  Latin American Studies 1.9%  Music  Economics  Computer Science  Art History Less than 1%  Agriculture, French, Middle Eastern Studies, Asian Languages, Theology, Anthropology, Government, Liberal Studies
  13. 13. DOCTORATE HOLDERS 25 total  1 MD  1 DPA  23 PhD or EdD  9 History  6 Education  3 Library Science  3 Unspecified  1 Economics 56% male 45% female all doctorate holders without MLS = male
  14. 14. INSTITUTIONS WITH DEANS OR DIRECTORSWITHOUT MLS UC Berkeley Harvard Yale University of Michigan Library of Congress National Institute of Health
  15. 15. FURTHER RESEARCH Regression analyses should be used to determine if there have been any changes in degrees of deans and directors hired in the last 40 years. Further analysis needs to be done regarding the relationship between the degrees of the deans and directors and their other work experiences.  Many of these librarians completed their degrees in the 60s and 70s – it may be helpful to see what other experiences contributed to their success. A comparison of the ARL deans with other types of institutions would present a more comprehensive picture.
  16. 16. FURTHER RESEARCH None of the ARL Library deans and directors earned advanced degrees in the hard sciences. Do advanced studies in some subject areas provide better preparation than others? Is there a relationship between advanced study subject area and type of institution?
  17. 17. ANY QUESTIONS?  Starr Hoffman, MLS, MA  Librarian for Digital Collections  Government Documents Department  UNT Libraries  PhD Student, Higher Education, UNT   find my presentations&CV here:   Annie Downey, MLS  Instruction Unit Manager  Research & Instruction Services  UNT Libraries  PhD Student, Higher Education, UNT 