The Cold War [1945-1991]:  An Ideological Struggle Soviet & Eastern Bloc Nations [“Iron Curtain”] US & the Western Democra...
The Division of Berlin
The Bipolarization of Europe
George Kennan [“X Article”]:    CONTAINMENT Goals  Means  Actual Application <ul><li>Restoration of the balance of power <...
<ul><li>Modification of the Soviet concept of international relations. </li></ul>Negotiating settlement of outstanding dif...
National Defense Budget [1940-1964]
Korean War [1950-1953]
Korean War [1950-1953] Syngman Rhee Kim Il-Sung “ Domino Theory”
The Shifting Map of Korea [1950-1953]
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Beginningof coldwar

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Beginningof coldwar

  1. 1. The Cold War [1945-1991]: An Ideological Struggle Soviet & Eastern Bloc Nations [“Iron Curtain”] US & the Western Democracies GOAL  spread world-wide Communism GOAL  “Containment” of Communism & the eventual collapse of the Communist world. [ George Kennan ] <ul><li>METHODOLOGIES: </li></ul><ul><li>Espionage [KGB vs. CIA] </li></ul><ul><li>Arms Race [nuclear escalation] </li></ul><ul><li>Ideological Competition for the minds and hearts of Third World peoples [Communist govt. & command economy vs. democratic govt. & capitalist economy]  “proxy wars” </li></ul><ul><li>Bi-Polarization of Europe [NATO vs. Warsaw Pact] </li></ul>
  2. 2. The Division of Berlin
  3. 3. The Bipolarization of Europe
  4. 4. George Kennan [“X Article”]: CONTAINMENT Goals Means Actual Application <ul><li>Restoration of the balance of power </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction of Soviet ability to project outside power. </li></ul>Encouragement of self-confidence in nations threatened by Soviet expansion. Exploitation of tensions in international communism. Long-term program of U.S. economic assistance [Marshall Plan] Cooperation with communist regimes; [supporting Titoism in Yugoslavia]
  5. 5. <ul><li>Modification of the Soviet concept of international relations. </li></ul>Negotiating settlement of outstanding differences. Using “carrots & sticks’; containing Germany with an embrace and Russia at arms length. George Kennan [“X Article”]: CONTAINMENT Goals Means Actual Application
  6. 6. National Defense Budget [1940-1964]
  7. 7. Korean War [1950-1953]
  8. 8. Korean War [1950-1953] Syngman Rhee Kim Il-Sung “ Domino Theory”
  9. 9. The Shifting Map of Korea [1950-1953]

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