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L'Open Science face aux enjeux éthiques de la convergence NBIC

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Présentation dans le cadre de la journée "Made With Communities" au PROTO204, pendant Futur en Seine.

Vidéo de présentation: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rE-OcDUZOIk

Published in: Science
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L'Open Science face aux enjeux éthiques de la convergence NBIC

  1. 1. S L'Open Science face aux enjeux éthiques de la convergence NBIC Guillaume Dumas @introspection — http://extrospection.eu
  2. 2. Nano Bio Info Cognitive
  3. 3. Technologies émergentes et acronymes … S  GNR: Genetics, Nanotechnology and Robotics S  GRIN: Genetic, Robotic, Information, and Nano processes S  GRAIN: Genetics, Robotics, Artificial Intelligence, and Nanotechnology S  BANG: Bits, Atoms, Neurons, Genes
  4. 4. Des applications…
  5. 5. Des applications…
  6. 6. … et des question éthiques ! S  Gouvernance & Choix décisionels S  Technoprogressistes/Transhumanistes vs. Ludistes/Decroissants S  Regulation & Contrôle des applications S  Limites machine naturelle vs. machine artificielle
  7. 7. Nanotechnologie S Le débat qui n’a jamais eu lieu S Activistes vs. Lobbies industriels S Où sont les citoyens?
  8. 8. Biotechnologie
  9. 9. Informatique S  La question de la gouvernance et de la vie privée: S  PRISM, Snowden, etc. S  Serveurs DNS (e.g. mega upload, Iraq, etc.) S  La question du control face à l’I.A. S  Pas besoin d’I.A. forte, des drones suffisent… S  Question des nouvelles formes de logiciels autonomes (e.g. Ethereum)
  10. 10. Sciences Cognitives S  La question de l’I.A. fait réapparition… … Asimov est peut-être le plus avancé sur les réflexions éthiques en lien avec la robotique! S  Manipulation et integrité cognitive: durant une thérapie, avec l’essor du neuromarketing, mais aussi de technique de machine learning appliquée aux réseaux sociaux S  Neuroimagerie: dans le droit et le médical (coma, mort cérébrale)
  11. 11. L’Open Science dans tout ça? S  Open Access et Scicomm: rétablir une éducation aux sciences et technologies, loin du sensationalisme actuel S  Science Citoyenne et Open Lab: redonner de l’agentivité et rompre avec les conflicts d’intérêts. Reconnecter la science avec les enjeux de la société. S  OpenData et OpenGov: rendre le système démocratique plus transparent (ex: nosdeputés.fr, network of corporate control)
  12. 12. DIYbio Code of Ethics
  13. 13. Open Access & Open Data Vitali S, Glattfelder JB, Battiston S (2011) The Network of Global Corporate Control. PLoS ONE 6(10): e25995.
  14. 14. Problèmes à résoudre S  Crédibilité: Qui est scientifique? Qui est expert? S  Exemple du débat sur le réchauffement climatique (lobbies) S  Ethique experimentale humaine, animale, et biologique S  Exemple: crowd sourcing, Backyard brain, SynBio S  Gouvernance et financement: Quel modèle économique pour l’Open Science?
  15. 15. Credits: PhotonQuantique 22 Evènements 78 Interviews 2 ans .org
  16. 16. Merci de votre attention! Twitter: @introspection Blog: http://extrospection.eu Mail: deep@introspection.eu

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