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Opening Science: from Society to Art

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Célya Gruson-Daniel & Guillaume Dumas, co-founders of HackYourPhD

Date : August 17th Wed, 2016
Time : 7:30 PM
Venue : space four,one,three
Map (Munllae-dong 4ga, 31-48)
Apply : http://bit.ly/2aOszdQ
Translator : Jinjoo Kim, Soyo Lee
http://tinyurl.com/unmakelab-160817

Knowledge is a common good. It is owned by nobody in particular, and belongs to everybody. Science can be defined as a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the universe. To achieve this goal, Science is most of the time supported by an international collaborative effort: scientific research. During the last decade, multiple scientists have warned against a potential drift of this scientific research system compared to the initial value of Science. One of the most striking issue raised was the “publish or perish” paradigm, which encourages scientist to produce more and not necessarily better knowledge, and to switch from a collaborative effort to a competitive activity. Moreover, scientists realized that the scientific publishing industry was taking financial advantage of the situation, making large profit by asking money to the both scientist who produced and scientist who wanted access to Knowledge. The Open Access movement burgeoned from this existential crisis of the scientific community, nourish by the development of digital practices, social media and new means of production of Knowledge. It branched out in different call for openness in Science, from open source to open data. At that period (January 2013), we co-founded the “HackYourPhD” community to gather researcher, students, and citizens around the values of Knowledge as a common good and facilitate discussion about this complex phenomenon of open science. We will discuss here the story of the community but also open the debate on what it means to opening Science to the Society and to other way of producing Knowledge like Arts.

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Opening Science: from Society to Art

  1. 1. Opening Science: 
 from Society to Art Célya Gruson-Daniel / Guillaume Dumas Co-Founders of HackYourPhD Seoul, August 17th 2016
  2. 2. Opening Science : 
 from Society to Art Célya Gruson-Daniel / Guillaume Dumas Co-Founders of HackYourPhD
 Seoul, August 17th 2016
  3. 3. Charlotte Henard/flickr /CC
  4. 4. Credits: PhD Comics
  5. 5. Credits: PhD Comics
  6. 6. CC-BY 4.0Hinweise zur Weiternutzung
  7. 7. Alexandre Dulaunoy/Flickr/CC
  8. 8. “Don't fight forces, use them!” R. Buckminster Fuller
  9. 9. CC-BY Rouffi
  10. 10. CC-BY Rouffi
  11. 11. >30 Events / >3000 followers >100 Interviews 4 years .org Credit: Photon Quantique
  12. 12. Collective Curation (Twitter, Facebook…)Collective Curation
  13. 13. CC-BY celyagd #OAweek
  14. 14. CC-BY celyagd #HackRepNum
  15. 15. Credit: Francesca Musiani #DesignPHD
  16. 16. Cross-cultural Interdisciplinarity Openness Critical thinking
  17. 17. Data < Information < Knowledge < Wisdom
  18. 18. 24 Open Source initiative
  19. 19. CC BY-SA Greg Emmerich Research Education Knowledge Openness, Collaboration and Sharing Technologies and Digital
 Practices
  20. 20. CC-BY-NC-SA Marc Wathieu
  21. 21. CC-BY-NC-SA Marc Wathieu
  22. 22. Aaron Swartz (1986–2013)
  23. 23. “This is the first time a constitution is being drafted basically on the Internet”
 Thorvaldur Gylfason, Member of Iceland's Constitutional Council Open Democracy
  24. 24. There’s a lot of "open" down here!
  25. 25. Credit: David Plunkert Predatory publishing The Beal list (~600)
 http://scholarlyoa.com/individual-journals/ Credit: C. Smith Science Magazine J. Bohannon, "Who's Afraid of Peer Review?" Science 342, 60-65 (2013)
  26. 26. Open Washing :
 a new Green washing? • Discourse vs. Practices
 e.g. Opening data ≠ making them available • The failure of MOOCs
 xMOOC ≠ cMOOC : from "one to many” to “many to many"
 Underlying inequality : where are developing countries ? • “Uberized” labor marketplaces and precariousness
 Distributed revolution or new form of neoliberalism? To read: http://readwrite.com/2011/02/03/how_to_spot_openwashing
  27. 27. Business Model CC-BY-NC-SA Guilhem Business models Volunteering product Donation Philanthropy Crowdfunding ?
  28. 28. CC-BY-SA Socientize consortium 2014 Empowering communities Credit: movilab.org
  29. 29. Credit: signnotesonnightlife.blogspot.com Knowledge Proprietary Open source Competition Cooperation Social valueFinancial profit Individual fame Collective achievements Wisdom From knowledge economy to wisdom societies…
  30. 30. "We have to distinguish 
 between knowledge and wisdom.
 Science is a form of knowledge. Art is another form of knowledge… etc.
 There is only one wisdom on the other hand, which is based on love."
 ~ Francisco Varela
  31. 31. Credit: Pierre Mâché, imaginaryfoundation.com
  32. 32. craslab.org Hackerspace/FabLab before it was cool? First Art/Science experimentations in 2007
  33. 33. Credit: CRAS Lab
  34. 34. HOMEOSTASYS VJing duo with Luc Foubert 2008
  35. 35. Brain::Vision (2010) MIDI/OSC controller with Brainwave
  36. 36. An art-science crowdsourcing experiment to design a device triggering artificial synesthesia for blind people .org with Justine Convain (2009)
  37. 37. Médiation NationalScienceDay2008
  38. 38. Médiation NationalScienceDay2008
  39. 39. Médiation NationalScienceDay2008
  40. 40. Anne Cleary, Denis Connoly Presenting the World Premiere of "LIFE OF SAINT MARY" Le Kronos Alvaro Cassinelli Pauline Cougé *Espace/temps*
  41. 41. Workshop & Transmission SAM (tmp/lab), PASCSAQ, Gérard Paresys “DialogueS” & “In Between”
  42. 42. Co-directed: L. Halard Staring: S. Amar & S. Boubli Music: J. Quiqueret & F. Benmussa Outreach
  43. 43. Credit: Luc Halard
  44. 44. Credit: Luc Halard
  45. 45. Citizen Engagement & Ethics Steve Lambert | art, etc. visitsteve.com
  46. 46. supernovaproject.com Le Cahier des Limbes (2010-2012) — Collaboration with Luc Halard an Altered-Reality installation for questioning neuro-(science~art)
  47. 47. “Science is more than technology, Art is more than aesthetics.”
  48. 48. Nathan S. Kline Manfred Clynes Art as a source of inspiration …
  49. 49. “If I have seen further, it is by standing on the shoulders of giants.” Isaac Newton, 1676 Credit: Dominique Peysson The Ethics of Attribution Credit: Dominique Peysson
  50. 50. Music for Solo Performer (1965)
  51. 51. Credit: Luc Halard 2009
  52. 52. Neurosensationalism & Critical Thinking… beware of Gimmicks!
  53. 53. with Emmanuel Rébus, Dominique Peysson,
 Sam Neurohack, Pascale Gustin, Ursula, Gérard Parésys The Neuroswitch 🔌 2014
  54. 54. Thanks for your attention! 주목해 주셔서 감사합니다! Credit: Pierre Mâché, imaginaryfoundation.com

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