k o n k u r e n c iu li p o lit ik as a q a r T v e lo S i                19 9 2 - 2 0 12                                 ...
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EU და საქართველო: PCA, 1996შეთანხმება p a r t n i o r o b i s a d a Ta n a m S r o m l o b i s   S e s a x e b (PCA, 1996)...
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a n t im o n o p o liu r i p o lit ik is        g a n v i Ta r e b i s Z i r i Ta d e t a p e b i                      ( 1...
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t e r it o r iu li a n t im o n o p o liu r i    s a m s a x u r e b is m ie r g a m o v le n ili            d a r R v e v...
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“ m o n o p o liu r i s a q m ia n o b is a d ak o n k u r e n c iis S e s a x e b ” k a n o n isd a r R v e v i s n i S n...
“ m o m x m a r e b e l Ta u f l e b e b i s d a c v i sS e s a x e b ” k a n o n is d a r R v e v is n iS n iTg a n x i l...
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s a q m ia n o b a d s T q v e y n e b S i q a r Tu li      p r o d u q c iis f a ls if ik a c iis f a q t e b is         ...
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s x v a k e is e b i w a r s u lid a n   eleqto da gazis gamanawilebeli kompaniebis Serwymis sakitxi   eleqtrokavSirisa ...
2 0 0 0 -2 0 0 4 p e r m a n e n t u lir e o r g a n iz a c ie b is f a z a   permanentuli reorganizaciebis faza   2001 ...
2 0 0 0 -2 0 0 4   2000-2001 ww ganmavlobaSi ganxorcielda sami reorganizacia    da sxva mravali dasabuTebuli Tu dausabuTe...
2000-2004   antimonopoliuri politikis dargobrivi niSniT    fragmentacia da cvlilebebi dargobriv maregulirebel    aqtebSi...
2004 “ v a r d e b i s r e v o l u c i i s ”S e m d g o m i p e r io d i   kanoni ,,Tavisufali vaWrobisa da konkurenciis ...
Ta v i s u f a l i v a W r o b i s a d a k o n k u r e n c i i s                        s a a g e nto   Seiqmna saq. ekon...
2005-2006 ww. ganxiluli sakiTxebi   saia-s mimarTva “Sps qarTuli produqti”saTvis saxelmwifo    daxmarebis kanonierebis Se...
m im d in a r e r e f o r m e b i   konkurenciis politikis reformebi 2010-2012   saagento da misi formireba   Tavisufal...
k o n k u r e n c iu li p o lit ik is r e f o r m e b i                      2 0 10 - 2 0 12   evrokavSiris moTxovnebi  ...
“ Ta v i s u f a l i v a W r o b i s a d a    k o n k u r e n c iis S e s a x e b ” k a n o n is                   p r o e...
p r o e q t i s Z i r i Ta d i n a k l o v a n e b e b i   proeqtiT gaTvaliswinebulia mravali daSveba, arazusti formulire...
რისთვის ვიღებთ კანონს   am kanonis miRebiT formalurad dkmayofildeba    evrokavSiris moTxovnebi konkurenciis Sesaxeb    ka...
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კონკურენციული პოლიტიკა საქართველოში

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  • კონკურენციული პოლიტიკა საქართველოში

    1. 1. k o n k u r e n c iu li p o lit ik as a q a r T v e lo S i 19 9 2 - 2 0 12 Q qeTevan LlafaCi marti, 2012
    2. 2. Pprezentaciis gegmaI.konkurenciis saerTaSoriso wesebi, principebi da saqarTvelos valdebulebebiII. konkurenciis politikis formireba saqarTveloSi: ganviTarebis etapebi, teqnikuri daxmareba, ZiriTadi problemebi da zogierTi mniSvnelovani keisiIII. mimdinare reformebiIV. “dasawyisi” 20 wlis Semdeg: realoba da gamowvevebi
    3. 3. I . k o n k u r e n c i i s s a e r Ta S o r i s o w e s e b i , p r in c ip e b i d a s a q a r T v e lo s v a ld e b u le b e b i saerTaSoriso principebi (WTO, OECD, UNCTAD, EU) kopenhagenis kriteriumebi sakonurencio wesebis saerTaSoriso sistemisaken evrokavSiri da saqarTvelo: შეთანხმება partniorobisa da TanamSromlobis Sesaxeb (PCA, 1996); SeTanxmerba Tavisufali vaWrobis Sesaxeb (FTA), SeTanxmeba Rrma da yovlismomcveli Tavisufali vaWrobis Sesaxeb (DCFTA) gamowvevebi
    4. 4. s a q a r T v e l o s s a e r Ta S o r i s o v a ld e b u le b e b i k o n k u r e n c iis s f e r o S isaqarTvelos gaaCnia garkveuli valdebulebebi vaWrobisada konkurenciis erovnuli reJimebis saerTaSorisonormebis (EU, WTO, UNCTAD, OECD wesebisa da principebi)gaTvaliswinebiT mowesrigebis sferoSi.am valdebulebebis Sesruleba ki saxelmwifoebsavaldebulebs: miiRon, srulyon da efeqturad ganaxorcielon Sesabamisi sakanonmdeblo aqtebi. daafuZnon kanonmdebloba konkurenciis Semzudavi qmedebebis aRkveTisa da efeqturi regulirebis principebze, uzrunvelyon aradiskriminaciuli midgoma yvela sawarmosadmi, srulyon kanonis iZulebiTi aRsrulebis RonisZiebebi;
    5. 5. e v r o k a v S ir S i g a w e v r ia n e b is k r it e r iu m e b ik a n d id a t i q v e y n e b is a T v is ( k o p e n h a g e n is s a b W o , 19 9 3 w l i s i v n i s i ) kriteriumebi konkurenciis sferoSi gamoxatulia principSi, rom kandidati qveynebi CaiTvlebian mzad gawevrianebisaTvis, Tu maTi kompaniebi da sajaro uwyebebi miCveuli arian konkurenciul disciplinas gacilebiT adre gawevrianebamde. am principebis Sesasruleblad gawevrianebis msurvel qveynebs moeTxovebad, rom gawevrianebis SeTanxmebis procesis dawyebamde uzrunvelyon: aucilebeli sakanonmdeblo CarCo Sesabamisi/adeqvaturi administraciuli simZlavreebi (anu kargad funqcionirenbadi konkurenciis ofisi) da konkurenciis kanonmdeblobis aRsrulebis sando da gamWvirvale praqtika/preistoria
    6. 6. , , s a k o n k u r e n c io w e s e b iss a e r Ta S o r i s o s i s t e m i s a k e n ” ,,sakonkurencio wesebis saerTaSoriso sistemisaken COM(96)284” gamoxatavs sakonkurencio samarTlis reformatorul mimarTulebebs da qveynebs, romelnic axla qmnian konkurenciul reJimebs, an axdenen arsebulTa reformirebas, mouwodebs rom: SeZlebisdagvarad uzrunvelyon am struqturebis mTavari elementebis arseboba qveyanaSi. gansakuTrebuli zrunvis sagnad ki rekomendaciebis Tanaxmad aRiarebulia:  ZiriTadi sakonkurencio wesebis arseboba erovnul kanonmdeblobaSi antikonkurenciuli qmedebebis aRsakveTad;  konkurenciaze zedamxedvelis (antimonopoliuri organos ) arsebobas an Seqmnas, aRniSnuli wesebis efeqtianad ganxorcielebis uzrunvelsayofad, saTanado Semowmebis Catarebisa da Sesabamis sanqciebis uflebis CaTvliT;  dainteresebuli mxareebisaTvis antimonopoliur organoebSi, sasamarTloebSi Tanabari, gamWvirvale da aradiskriminaciuli midgomis uzrunvelyofa”
    7. 7. EU და საქართველო: PCA, 1996შეთანხმება p a r t n i o r o b i s a d a Ta n a m S r o m l o b i s S e s a x e b (PCA, 1996) SeTanxmebis Tanaxmad gansazRvruli mimarTulebebi (44-e muxli), romlebzec unda gamaxviles gansakuTRebuli yuradReba sakonkurencio samarTlis evrogaerTianebis kanonmdbelobasTan harmonizaciis procesSi: “SeTanxmebebi da sawarmoTa gaerTianebebi da SeTanxmebuli qmedebebi, romlebmac SeiZleba gamoiwvion konkurenciis aRkveTa, SezRudva an darRveva kompaniis mier bazarze dominirebuli mdgomareobis borotad gamoyeneba saxelmwifo daxmareba, romelmac SesaZloa gamoiwvios konkurenciis darRveva komerciuli xasiaTis saxelmwifo monopoliebi, saxelmwifo sawarmoebi an specialuri eqskluziuri uflebebis mqone sawarmoebi sakonkurencio kanonebis gamoyenebis da masTan Sesabamisobis uzrunvelyofis Semowmeba da kontroli”.
    8. 8. EU და საქართველო ( g a g r Z e l e b a ) - FTA შეთანხმება თავისუფალი ვაჭრობის შესახებ- DCFTA - შეთანხმება ღრმა და ყოვლისმომცველი თავისუფალი ვაჭრობის შესახებ- evrokomisiis faqtebis damdgeni misiis daskvna 2008- priortetuli sferoebi sadac aucilebelia Semdgomi progresi. maT Soris: konkurenciis kanonmdeblobisa da institutis uzrunvelyofa
    9. 9. e v r o k a v S ir is k o n k u r e n c iu li s a m a r T lis Z i r i Ta d i d e b u l e b e b i ( EU Acquis) d a s a q a r T v e lo s k a n o n m d e b lo b a antikonkurenciuli qmedebebis akrZalva (evrogaerTianebis funqciobis Sesaxeb xelSekrulebis 101-e muxli) dominirebuli mdgomareobis borotad gamoyenebis akrZalva (evrogaerTianebis funqciobis Sesaxeb xelSekrulebis 102-e muxli kontroli sabazro Zalauflebis koncentraciaze Serwymebis gziT (sabWos direqtiva 139/2004) saxelmwifo daxmarebebis monitoringi da kontroli (Sesabamisad sadamfuZneblo xelSekrulebis 107-109 muxlebi direqtivebi ekonomikis monopolizebuli seqtorebis liberalizaciasTan dakavSirebiT Eevrokomisiis Sesabamisi wesebi, reglamentebi da instruqciebi (1/2003 da sxva)
    10. 10. e v r o k a v S ir is k o n k u r e n c iu li s a m a r T lis Z i r i Ta d i d e b u l e b e b i ( EU Acquis) d a s a q a r T v e lo s k a n o n m d e b lo b a  saqarTvelos kanoni (1996) “monopoliuri saqmianobisa da konkurenciis Sesaxeb”, iseve rogorc misi winamorbedi dekreti rigi xarvezebis miuxedavad, arasrulyofilad, iTvaliswinebda analogiuri Sinaarsis debulebebs.  seriozuli problema iyo meoradi kanonmdebloba, monopoliuri mdgomareobis gansazRvris kriteriumebi, aRsrulebis praqtika da sxva  miuxedavad nakisri valdebulebebisa kanonmdeblobis srulyofsa da evrokavSiris Sesabamis normebTan miaxloebis nacvlad - konkurenciuli politikis sruli ignorireba  saqarTvelos konkurenciuli politikis evrokavSiris Sesabamis debulebebTan harmonizebis Sefaseba ix.  EU Competition Acquis , 2009, www.geplac.ge N
    11. 11. l i b e r a l i z e b a , z e d m e t i l i b e r a l i z e b a Tu Ta m a S i w e s e b i s g a r e S e ( 2 0 0 5 - 2 0 12 )moqmedi kanonmdebloba konkurenciis sferoSi ar iTvaliswinebs konkurenciisa da momxmarebelis problemebs saqarTveloSi da maTi gadaWris meqanizmebs konkurenciuli kanonmdeblobis farglebSi ar Seesabameba qveynis saerTaSoriso valdebulebebs da saerTaSoriso doneze aRiarebul biznesis SemzRudavi praqtikis saxelmwifo kontrolis wesebsa da principebs; aseT viTarebaSi, konkurenciis politikis reformis gareSe, saqarTvelos bazari SesaZloa ganviTardes klanuri principiT da gadaiqces ukve damkvidrebuli Zalebis antikonkurentul qmedebebis asparezad, rac uaryofiTad aisaxeba, ekonomikuri ganviTarebis Sedegebze, sazogadoebis keTildReobaze, qveynis sainvesticio imijzec da mniSvnelovnad gaaWianurebs evrokavSirTan integraciis procesebs.
    12. 12. a r s e b u l i v i Ta r e b a d a m a r e g u l i r e b e l i g a mo w ve ve b i moklevadiani Sedegebi ukve saxezea: mowodeblis diqtati, SezRuduli arCevani, arasaTanado xarisxi, dausabuTebeli fasebi da sxva. problemis aqtualobaze miuTiTebs rogorc antimonopoliuri regulirebis sferoSi kanonis aRsrulebis rogorc qarTuli aseve ucxouri praqtika da saqarTvelos sasaqonlo bazrebze Seqmnili mdgomareoba, rac bazrebis monopolizaciis tendenciebsa da momxmarebelTa uflebebis ignorirebis farTo masStabebSi gamoixateba gansakuTrebiT ,,socialurad mgrZnobiere sferoebSi”.
    13. 13. k o n k u r e n t u li p o lit ik is g a ja n s a R e b is a u c ile b lo b a - a r g u m e n t e b i  konkurenciis politikis aRiarebuli roli ekonomikuri zrdisa da sazogadoebis keTildReobis amaRlebaSi;  ukanasknel wlebSi saqarTveloSi gatarebuli maregulirebeli reformebi, romlis Sedegadac faqtobrivad gauqmda zogadi konkurenciuli kanomdebloba da sasaqonlo bazrebis monopolizaciis gaZlierebuli tendenciebi;  ekonomikuri regulirebis sistemis efeqturobis arsebuli done;  saqarTvelos evrointegraciis kursi da Sesabamisi gamowvevebi.
    14. 14. II. k o n k u r e n ciis p o lit ik is f o r m ir e b a d a g a n v i Ta r e b i s Z i r i Ta d i e t a p e b i s a q a r T v e lo S i dasawyisi 1992-1996 1996-2000 2000-2005 2005 -2010 2010 dan – dRemde “Tavisufalis vaWrobisa da konkurenciis Sesaxeb” axali kanonis proeqti
    15. 15. d a s a w y is i 90-iani wlebi ekonomikuri reformebis kursis gansazRvra liberalizebisa da privatizebis pirveli etapebi antimonopoliuri da momxmarebelTa dacvis politikis aucileblobis aRiareba saqarTvelos pirveli mTavrobis mier Sewyvetili mosamzadebeli samuSaoebi samoqalaqo omis Semdgomi ganviTareba
    16. 16. s a q a r T v e lo s a n t im o n o p o liu r i p o lit ik is g a n v i Ta r e b i s Z i r i Ta d i e t a p e b i19 9 2 w e l i ministrTa kabinetis 1992 wlis 17 martis #323 dadgenileba ,,saqarTvelos respublikaSi sameurneo saqmianobis demonopolizaciis zogierTi RonisZiebebis Sesaxeb“ ministrTa kabinetis dadgenileba # 870 saqarTvelos kanoni ,,samewarmeo saqmianobis safuZvlebis Sesaxeb” 1992 wlis TebervalSi ekonomikis saministroSi Seiqmna ,, antimonopoliuri regulirebis, momxmarebelTa dacvis, mewarmeobis mxardaWeris sammarTvelo “ -11 saStato erTeuliT
    17. 17. s a q a r T v e lo s a n t im o n o p o liu r i p o lit ik is g a n v i Ta r e b i s Z i r i Ta d i e t a p e b i antimonopoliuri politikis pirveli sammarTvelos saqmianobis ZiriTad mimarTulebad ganisazRvra demonopolizaciisa da privatizebis proeqtebis antimonopoliuri eqspertiza; mewarme subieqtebis sameurneo damoukideblobis SemzRudavi qmedebebis Tavidan acileba (winaswari kontrolis RonisZiebebi) saxelmwifo sawarmoTa saaqcio sazogadoebebad da sxva tipis sawarmoo gaerTianebebad gardaqmnis procesSi. zrunva samarTlebrivi da meToduri bazis ganviTarebaze “mewarmeTa Sesaxeb” kanoni sawarmoTa saregistraciod aucilebeli dakumentebis CamonaTvalSi iTvavaliswinebda antimonopoliuri eqspertizis daskvnasac
    18. 18. a n t im o n o p o liu r i p o lit ik is g a n v i Ta r e b i s Z i r i Ta d e t a p e b i ( 19 9 2 - 19 9 6 ) 1992 weli seqtemberi - ,,saqarTvelos respublikaSi monopoliuri saqmianobis SezRudvisa da konkurenciis ganviTarebis Sesaxeb~ saxelmwifo sabWos dekreti saqarTvelos prezidentis 1995 wlis #60 brZanebuleba `arakeTilsindisieri reklamisagan momxarebelTa dacvis Sesaxeb~ antimonopoliur sammarTvelos daekisra sareklamo saqmianobaze kontrolis funqciac. saqarTvelos prezidentis 1995 wlis #160 brZanebuleba daemata 10 saStato erTeuli da gardaiqmna antimonopoliuri politikis mTavar sammarTvelod 1996 -ekonomikis saministros reorganizaciis procesSi antimonopoliuri politikis sammarvelo gardaiqmna ekonomikis saministros antimonopoliur samsaxurad
    19. 19. a n t im o n o p o liu r i p o lit ik is g a n v i Ta r e b i s Z i r i Ta d i e t a p e b i 19 9 6 - 2 0 0 0miRebul iqna kanonebi “monopoliuri saqmianobisa da konkureniis Sesaxeb” -1996 “momxmarebelTa uflebis dacvis Sesaxeb” - 1996 w kanoni “reklamis Sesaxeb” – 1998 welikanonqvemdebare aqtebi 40-mde normatiuli aqticvlilebebi da damatebebi: saqarTvelos administraciul samarTaldarRvevaTa kodeqsSi sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsSi normatiuli aqtebis Sesaxeb saqarTvelos kanonSi, aRmasrulebeli xelisuflebis wesisa da struqturis Sesaxeb kanonSi da sxva samarTlebriv aqtebSi.
    20. 20. s a x e lm w if o a n t im o n o p o liu r i s a m s a x u r is f o r m ir e b a 1996 wlis dekemberSi antimonopoliuri politikis mTavari sammarTvelo gardaiqmna ekonomikis saministros antimonopoliur samsaxurad 1997 - antimonopoliuri samsaxuris bazaze ,,monopoliuri saqminobisa da konkurenciis Sesaxeb” kanonis Sesabamisad ekonomikis saministrosTan arsebuli saxelmwifo antimonopoliuri samsaxuri saqarTvelos prezidentis 1997 wlis 14 martis #137 brZanebulebiT ganisazRvra samsaxuris ricxovnoba (150 kaci, maT Soris 65 centralur aparatSi da 85 regionalur samsaxurebSi) da struqtura regionaluri samsaxurebis dakompleqteba dasrulda 1998 wels.
    21. 21. s a x e lm w if o a n t im o n o p o liu r i s a m s a x u r is m a n d a t i makontrolebel maregulirebeli organo antimonopoliuri, momxmrebelTa uflebebis dacvisa da reklamis Sesaxeb kanonmdeblobis dacvis sferoSi samsaxuris gadawyvetilebebi, miweerilobebi, instruqciebi Sesasruleblad savaldebulo iyo rogorc mewarmeTa aseve saxelmwifo mmarTvelobis organoebisaTvis samsaxuris ZiriTadi amocanad ganisazRvra: antimonopoliuri politikis ganxorcieleba, saqarTveloSi konkurenciis ganviTarebisaTvis xelSemwyobi pirobebis Seqmna da dacva, monopoliuri saqmianobis aRkveTa, momxmarebelTa uflebebis dacvaze saxelmwifo kontrolis ganxorcieleba da sareklamo saqmianobis regulireba.
    22. 22. s a x e lm w if o a n t im o n o p o liu r is a ms a xuri saqminobis ZiriTadi mimarTulebebi: winaswari saxelmwifo kontroli momxmarebelTa da mewarmeTa uflebebis dacvis uzrunvelsayofad (normatiuli aqtebis eqspertiza, monawileoba sxvadsaxva komisiebisa da uwyebaTaSorisi organoebis saqmianobaSi, sazogadoebis gaTviTcnobiereba da sxva meTodebiT) gamafrTxilebeli da aRmkveTi RonisZiebebis gatareba monitoringi monopolisti ekonomikuri agentebis sabazro qcevaze maTi mxridan mdgomareobis borotad gamoyenebis faqtebis Tavidan acilebis mizniT TanamSromloba teqnikuri daxmarebis mozidvisa da instituciuri SesaZleblobebis gasaZliereblad da sxva
    23. 23. a n t im o n o p o liu r i s a m s a x u r is s t a t u s isd a u f le b a m o s ile b e b isS e u Ta v s e b l o b i s s a k i T x i am periodSi samsaxuri akmayofilebda ,,aRmasrulebeli xelisuflebis wesisa da struqturebis Sesaxeb” saqarTvelos kanoniT (gauqmda 2004 wels) gansazRvrul, damoukidebeli samTavrobo struqturis yvela kriteriums; samsaxuris damoukideblobis aucileblobaze miuTiTebda araerTi cnobili saerTaSoriso eqsperti (viliam kovaseki-aSS federaluri savaWro komisiis yofili Tavmjdomare, ben slei – gaeros ganviTarebis programis mTavari ekonomisti, evrogaerTianebis eqspertebi, saqarTvelos antikorufciuli sabWo). ekonomikis vaWrobisa da mrewvelobis saministros formirebis Semdeg - interesTa konfliqti
    24. 24. s a x e lm w if o a n t im o n o p o liu r is a ms a xuri pirveli Sedegebi wliuri angariSebi cifrebi da tendenciebi pirveli warmatebuli keisebi, problemebi da oponentebi Zlieri da susti mxareebi Sefasebebi (WB, EBRD, Kovacic & Slay: “Perillious Beggining,,” da sxva)
    25. 25. s a q m i a n o b i s S e d e g e b i - 19 9 9 w e li ianvar - agvistos monacemebiT: ganxilul iqna 800 sakiTxi (safuZveli; davaleba, saCivari, samsaxuris iniciativiT gamovlenili faqti) darRvevaTa mniSvnelovani nawili aRikveTa miwerilobis safuZvelze 400 mde saqme (regionebis CaTvliT) gadaeca sasamarTloebs
    26. 26. s a m a r Ta l d a r R v e v a Ta s t r t u q t u r a( 19 9 9 ) saxelmwifo xelisuflebisa da adgilobrivi TviTmmarTvelobis organoebis antikonkurenciulio qmedebebi (kanonis me-10 muxlis darRveva) safuZveli saCivari an normatiuli aqtis proeqtis eqspertiza sferoebi: purproduqtebis warmoeba da realizeba, navTobproduqtebis bazari, sadzRvevo momsaxureba, tvirTebis gadazidva da mgzavrTa gadayvana, kavSirgabmulobis saSualebebiT momsaxureba
    27. 27. s a m a r Ta l d a r R v e v a Ta s t r u q t u r a- 19 9 9 kanonis me-13 muxli darRveva (monopoliuri saqmianoba) momsaxurebis pirobebis Tavsmoxveva, damatebiTi pirobebis SeTavazeba mosaxurebis sanacvlod, klientTa araTanabar pirobebSi Cayeneba saxelSekrulebo fasebis (dadgenili) arsebobis miuxedavad Tavisufali fasis gamoyeneba da sxva
    28. 28. M m iw e r ilo b e b is a d r e s a t e b i soflis meurnebobisa da sursaTis saministro ganaTlebis saministro kavSirgabmulobis saministro (salicenzio procesebTan da pirobebTan dakavSirebiT) sabaJo departamenti sarkinigzo transportis departam,enti Tbilisis, quTaisis, Terjolis, xaSuris, goris gamgeobebi, Tbilisis samgoris, saburTalos, didubis raionis gamgeobebi gaerTianeba “samtresti”, Sps “sqteleradiocentri sxva mravali
    29. 29. t e r it o r iu li a n t im o n o p o liu r i s a m s a x u r e b is m ie r g a m o v le n ili d a r R v e v e b is s t a t is t ik a ( 19 9 9 w l i s a g v i s t o s C a T v l i T ) Tbilisi -92 Sida qarTli – 68 qvemo qarTli -172 kaxeTi – 92 guria- 47 imereTi – 80 Samcxe javaxeTi 37 mcxeTa mTianeTi 36 Samegrelo-zemo svaneTi – 64 afxazeTi - 0
    30. 30. d a r R v e v a Ta s t r u q t u r a - 19 9 9 Aadministraciul samarTaldarrvevaTa kodeqsis 159-e muxli- 75% Aadministraciul samarTaldarrvevaTa kodeqsis -153 muxli – 20% sxva danarCeni – 5%
    31. 31. “ m o n o p o liu r i s a q m ia n o b is a d ak o n k u r e n c iis S e s a x e b ” k a n o n isd a r R v e v i s n i S n i T g a n x i l u l s a q m e Tas tru q tu ra me-13 muxlis darRveva- 30 % arakeTilsindisieri konkurencia (me-9 muxli) da sxvisi sasaqonlo niSnis ukanonod gamoyeneba -22 % me-10 muxlis darRveva (saxelmwifo xelisuflebisa da adgilobrivi mmarTvelobis organoebis antikonkurenciuli qmedebebi) – 40 % sxva SemTxvevebi - 8%
    32. 32. “ m o m x m a r e b e l Ta u f l e b e b i s d a c v i sS e s a x e b ” k a n o n is d a r R v e v is n iS n iTg a n x i l u l s a q m e Ta s t r u q t u r a vaWrobis wesebis darRveva -52% saxelSekrulebo urTierTobebis arsebuli moTxovnebis darRveva – 25% momxmareblis informirebis wesebis darRveva – 13% sxva danarCeni 10%
    33. 33. “ r e k la m is S e s a x e b ” k a n o n isd a r R v e v is n iS n iT g a n x ilu ls a q m e Ta s t r u q t u r a Mmuxli 4 – zogadi da spec. moTxovnebi 60% Aalkoholiuri sasmelebisa da Tambaqos nawarmis reklama 13% reklamis gavrceleba masobrivi informaciis saSualebebSi m.5/1- 8.5% sponsorioba (muxli 13) -5% socialuri reklama(muxli 12)- 3.5% sxva danarCeni -10%
    34. 34. s a q m ia n o b a d s T q v e y n e b S i q a r Tu li p r o d u q c iis f a ls if ik a c iis f a q t e b is a R s a k v e Tis m iz n iTkonkurenciisa da momxmarebelTa dacvis aspeqtebi dsT-s qveynebis antimonopoliuri sabWos meqanizmebis gamoyeneba saqmianoba Sesabamisi qveynebis antimonopoliur organoebTan ormxrivi TanamSromlobis farglebSi keisebi, tendenciebi, problemebi, qarTuli kvali da gavleniani oponentebi analitikuri mimoxilvebi da RonisZiebaTa proeqtis – wardgena saqarTvelos mTavrobisaTvis
    35. 35. g a n s a k u Tr e b iT s a in t e r e s o k e is e b i “Rvino moldova”, samjer wagebuli procesi da mogeba uzenaes sasamarTloSi saqarTvelos parlamebtis dagvianebuli reaqcia – isic, politikuri niSniT F”borjomis” falsificirebisa da realizebis borjomis faqtebi belorusiaSi, ukrainaSi, ruseTSi, TurqmeneTSi, yazaxeTSi da sxva. “rospatentis” umoqmedoba saqarTvelos bazari –saxasiaTo SemTxvevebi
    36. 36. s x v a k e is e b i w a r s u lid a n eleqto da gazis gamanawilebeli kompaniebis Serwymis sakitxi eleqtrokavSirisa da telekomis Serwymaze da erT lotad privatizebisa da sxva saprivatizebo daskvnebi Tbilgazis iteras mier SesaZlo SeZenis sakiTxi satarifo politikis analizi: samsaxuris moTxovniT SeCerebul iqna 2002 15 agvistos mimarTviT tarifis 12,4 dan 13.7 teTramde zrdastan dakavSirebiT semekis dadgenilebis registracia belcis Rvinokoniakis qarxnisaTvis qarTuli samarko niSnis gamoyenebis eqskluziuri uflebis miniWebis sakiTxi saaviacio bazarze konkurenciuli garemos Seswavla da miweriloba departaments, saministros dazRvevis bazari da keisebi: koordinirebuli qmedebebi, diskriminacia, pirobebis Tavs moxveva da sxva keisebi; dempinguri fasis kvleva (keisebi dazRvevisa da aviacgadazidvebis sferoebidan (2002-2004) dava semekTan, 2001 ianvari, procesi Sedega gasaCivrda da gadawyda semekis sasargeblod da sxva mravali
    37. 37. 2 0 0 0 -2 0 0 4 p e r m a n e n t u lir e o r g a n iz a c ie b is f a z a permanentuli reorganizaciebis faza 2001 wels antimonopoliuri samsaxuri (romelic manamde iyo sajaro samarTlis iuridiuli piri) gardaiqmna saqveuwyebo dawesebulebad, xolo misi regionaluri samsaxurebi (romelTa formirebac garda aWarisa dasrulda 1998 wels) gadakeTda samxareo samsaxurebad maTi saerTo ricxovnobis imavdrouli SemcirebiT. gauqmda Tbilisis antimonopoliuri samsaxuri, gamoTavisuflebuli saStato erTeulebis xarjze 65 dan 110 kacamde gaizarda centraluri aparatis TanamSromelTa ricxovnoba; amave wels, kvlav aRsdga regionaluri samsaxurebi axali saxelebiT ,,biuroebi”.
    38. 38. 2 0 0 0 -2 0 0 4 2000-2001 ww ganmavlobaSi ganxorcielda sami reorganizacia da sxva mravali dasabuTebuli Tu dausabuTebeli peretrubacia. kadrebis denadoba - erTi wlis ganmavlobaSi oTxjer Seicvala samsaxuris ufrosi. amave periodSi samsaxuri datova centraluri aparatis oTxidan sami funqcionaluri sammarTvelos ufrosma da sxva ramdenime TanamSromelma, romelTac profesiuli wvrTna gaiares evropisa da amerikis Sesabamis saswavlo dawesebulebebsa da administraciul institutebSi antikonkurenciuli sabWo Riad ayenebda samsaxuris gaZlierebisa da damoukideblobis rasac Sedegad mohyva morigi reorganizacia samsaxuris fasebis inspeqciasTan gaerTianebiT (rac Cemi azriT seriozuli Secdoma iyo)
    39. 39. 2000-2004 antimonopoliuri politikis dargobrivi niSniT fragmentacia da cvlilebebi dargobriv maregulirebel aqtebSi antimonopoliuri samsaxuris uflebamosilebebis TandaTanobiTi Sekveca cvlilebebi momxmarebelTa uflebebis Sesaxeb kanonSi da sxva mizezi: ekonomikur politikaze pasuxismgebel pirTa gulgriloba, interesTa konfliqtebi, Tu politikuri nebis ar arseboba?
    40. 40. 2004 “ v a r d e b i s r e v o l u c i i s ”S e m d g o m i p e r io d i kanoni ,,Tavisufali vaWrobisa da konkurenciis Sesaxeb” (2005) kanonis gavrcelebis areali SeizRuda mxolod saxelmwifo daxmarebebze monitoringis procesiT uaryofil iqna momxmareblis dacvis kanonmdeblobaze erTiani saxelmwifo zedamxedvelobis principi Tu ar CavTvliT maregulirebel komisiebTan arsebul da maT mierve dafinansebul momxmarebelTa damcvelis samsaxurebs, momxmarebelTa dacvaze saxelmwifo zedamxedvleobas ReisaTvis arc erTi uwyeba ar axorcielebs
    41. 41. Ta v i s u f a l i v a W r o b i s a d a k o n k u r e n c i i s s a a g e nto Seiqmna saq. ekonomikuri ganviTarebis ministris 2005 wlis 23 agvistos #1-1/948 brZanebiT saxelmwifo saqveuwyebo dawesebuleba kanoniT saagento unda gardaqmniliyo damoukidebel struqturad (9 TveSi), rac ar Sesrulebula 5 wlis ganmavlobaSi. ricxovnoba ganisazRvra 12 kaciT. 2007 wlis ianvarSi darCa erTi struqturuli erTeuli da 5 saStato erTeuli xelZRvanelobis CaTvliT
    42. 42. 2005-2006 ww. ganxiluli sakiTxebi saia-s mimarTva “Sps qarTuli produqti”saTvis saxelmwifo daxmarebis kanonierebis Sesaxeb xaSuris minis taras werili xaSuris wyalkanalis ukanono qmedebasTan dakavSirebiT relsSemduRebeli qarxnis werili “Sps progresi”s da “Sps grantis” saCivarebi saq rkinigzis tarifebTan dakavSirebiT saqarTvelos wamyvani komerciuli bankebis werili mimdinare procesebTan dakavSirebiT am periodSi arc erTi Sesasruleblad savaldebulo miweriloba, oqmi, aqti, an jarima saxelmwifo xelisuflebisa d regulirebadi ekonomikuri agentebis mimarT ar gamocemula
    43. 43. m im d in a r e r e f o r m e b i konkurenciis politikis reformebi 2010-2012 saagento da misi formireba Tavisufali vaWrobisa da konkurenciis Sesaxeb”kanonis proeqti (2012)
    44. 44. k o n k u r e n c iu li p o lit ik is r e f o r m e b i 2 0 10 - 2 0 12 evrokavSiris moTxovnebi mTavrobis konkurenciis strategia 2010 wels evrokavSiris rekomendaciiT saagento gadakeTda damoukidebel struqturad (Tumca misi uflebamosilebebi dRemde ar Secvlila). 2011 wels momzadda da dRemde ganxilvis procesSia konkurenciis sesaxeb axali kanonis proeqti gaWianurebuli cvlilebebi kanonproeqtis ZiriTadi naklovanebebi
    45. 45. “ Ta v i s u f a l i v a W r o b i s a d a k o n k u r e n c iis S e s a x e b ” k a n o n is p r o e q t i ( 2 0 12 ) am kanonisagan romelic krZalavs mxolod saxelmwifo xelisuflebis antikonkurenciul qmedebebs, 2012 wlis proeqtis struqtura gaumjobesebulia da moicavs TiTqmis yvela saxis antikonkurenciuli qmedebas, (antikonkurenciul SeTanxmebebs, dominirebuli mdgomareobis borotad gamoyenebas, sabazro Zalauflebis koncentraciasa da saxelmwifo daxmarebebs, romelTac SeiZleba gamoiwvion konkurenciis dauSvebloba, SezRudva da aRkveTa) rogorc kerZo struqturebis, aseve saxelisuflebo organoebis mxridan, rac, udaod wingadadgmuli nabijia moqmed, 2005 wlis kanonTan SedarebiT Tumca,
    46. 46. p r o e q t i s Z i r i Ta d i n a k l o v a n e b e b i proeqtiT gaTvaliswinebulia mravali daSveba, arazusti formulireba da gamonaklisi, rac sakmaod bundovans xdis antikonkurenciuli qmedebebis dauSveblobis, prevenciisa da aRkveTis mizniT kanonproeqtiT gaTvaliswinebuli wesebis saTanado aRsrulebis perspeqtivas. saagento uflebamosilia ama Tu im qmedebebze mxolod mTavrobis mier dadgenili prioritetebis farglebSi, (muxli 19). rac qmnis biznesisaTvis araprognozirebadobis gancdas aRsrulebasTan dakavSirebiT da kiTxvis niSnis qveS ayenebs konkurenciis saagentos deklarirebul damoukideblobasac gamonaklisebi da umniSvnelo garigebebi vrclad es sakiTxebi: ix. arsebiTi SeniSvnebi kanonproeqtTan dakavSirebiT
    47. 47. რისთვის ვიღებთ კანონს am kanonis miRebiT formalurad dkmayofildeba evrokavSiris moTxovnebi konkurenciis Sesaxeb kanonmdeblobisa da Sesabamisi damoukidebeli aRmasrulebeli institutis arsebobis Sesaxeb warmodgenili SinaarsiT კანონი ver uzrunvelyofs ქვეყნის შიდა ბაზარზე კონკურენციული გარემოს გაჯანსაღებაs da dacvas, rac misi ZiriTadi mizania
    48. 48. k o n k u r e n c iis k a n o n e b is m iz n e b is a d a a m o c a n e b is S e s a x e b dasavleTis sazogadoebaSic ki gansxvavebulia damokidebuleba antimonopoliuri kanonmdeblobis miznebisa da maTi miRwevis saSualebebisadmi. miuxedavad amisa, yvela erTsulovania Semdegi principis mimarT: konkurenciis kanonebi unda iswrafodnen monopoliuri qcevisa da iseTi SeTanxmebebis Tavidan acilebisken, romlebic zians ayenebs momxmarebels am kanonebma unda Seqmnan xelSemwyobi pirobebi axali kompaniebis gamosasvlelad bazarze da arsebulTa Soris jansaRi konkurenciis dasacavad kanonis iZulebiTi aRsrulebis reJimi unda iyos cxadi, prognozirebadi, raTa daarwmunos investorebi, rom isini daculi iqnebian bazarze damkvidrebuli firmebis antikonkurentuli qcevebisagan da maTi saqmianobac obieqturad iqneba Sefasebuli; da moqalaqeebi imaSi, rom daculi iqnebian monopolisti sawarmoebis mxridan mdgomareobis borotad gamoyenebisa da diqtatisagan.
    49. 49. m o g e b u le b i d a w a g e b u le b i( g a g r Z e le le b a ) momxmareblisaTvis erTnairad sazianoa biznesis zRvargadasuli regulirebac da zedmeti liberalizebac. zedmeti liberalizebis pirobebSi konkurenti firmebi dausjelad axorcieleben Serwymas, farul SeTanxmebebs da sxva qmedebebs. dominanti kompaniebi ki dausjelad ,,aSeneben” sxva kompaniebisaTvis bazarze Sesasvlel barierebs kanonis zedmeti gamkacrebis SemTxvevaSi ki biurokratiis miswrafebam warmoebis moculobebisa da fasebis kontrolisadmi, SesaZlebelia, gamoiwvios bazarze moqmedi samewarmeo struqturebis iniciativis paralizeba. orive SemTxvevaSi zaraldeba momxmarebeli
    50. 50. w in a d a d e b e b i EU Acquis by Ketevan Lapachi (2009) www.geplac.ge zogierTi mosazreba: konkurenciis Sesaxeb axali kanonis proeqtze optimaluri modeli saqarTvelosTvis (poloneTi, avstralia, estoneTi, CexeTi Tu singapuri?) meramdened pirvelad? “riskiani dasawyisi”, “Lucky Trip in Georgia ...” dakarguli teqnikuri daxmarebebi da vin aris beneficiari?
    51. 51. wyaroebi saxelmwifo antimonopoliuri samsaxuris saarqivo masalebi, wliuri angariSebi, gamocemebi, prezentaciebi saerTaSoriso RonisZiebebze da sxva vladimer papava – publikaciebi, interviuebi, sajaro gamosvlebi qeTevan LlafaCi – publkaciebi, analitikuri mimoxilvebi, interviuebi, sajaro gamosvlebi slava fetelava – “konkurenciis Teoria da antimonopoliuri regulireba saqarTveloSi” GEPLAC arqivi (www.geplac.ge) WE Kovacic & Ben Slay saqarTvelos antimonopoliuri samsaxuris Sesaxeb da sxva masalebi

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