From GoG-LME to   IGCC/GCLME Leading Global Marine Ecosystem Recovery<br />
Boundaries of the Guinea Current Region<br /><ul><li>Stretches  north to south between  latitudes 25° N and 13° S; west to...
Land surface area 8 340 200 km2
Oceanic section stretches over 5 560 km of coast from the Bissagos archipelago in Guinea-Bissau to the mouth of the Congo ...
Marine section surface area around 350 000 km2 and 2.6 million km2 for the total of Exclusive Economic Zones</li></li></ul...
Guinea,
Sierra Leone
Liberia
Cote d’Ivoire
Ghana
Togo
Benin
Nigeria
Cameroon
Congo Rep
Equatorial Guinea
Gabon
Congo DR
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Presentation to committee of ambassadors

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,Ambassadorial briefing Presentation

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Presentation to committee of ambassadors

  1. 1. From GoG-LME to IGCC/GCLME Leading Global Marine Ecosystem Recovery<br />
  2. 2. Boundaries of the Guinea Current Region<br /><ul><li>Stretches north to south between latitudes 25° N and 13° S; west to east between the longitudes 20° W and 32° E
  3. 3. Land surface area 8 340 200 km2
  4. 4. Oceanic section stretches over 5 560 km of coast from the Bissagos archipelago in Guinea-Bissau to the mouth of the Congo River
  5. 5. Marine section surface area around 350 000 km2 and 2.6 million km2 for the total of Exclusive Economic Zones</li></li></ul><li>Guinea Current Region <br />The 16 coastal countries making up the region:<br /><ul><li>Guinea-Bissau
  6. 6. Guinea,
  7. 7. Sierra Leone
  8. 8. Liberia
  9. 9. Cote d’Ivoire
  10. 10. Ghana
  11. 11. Togo
  12. 12. Benin
  13. 13. Nigeria
  14. 14. Cameroon
  15. 15. Congo Rep
  16. 16. Equatorial Guinea
  17. 17. Gabon
  18. 18. Congo DR
  19. 19. Angola
  20. 20. Sao Tome e Principe</li></li></ul><li>GCLME’s Main River Basins<br />
  21. 21. Gulf of Guinea Large Marine Ecosystem (1995)<br />Guinea Current Large Marine Ecosystem (2005)<br />Interim Guinea Current Commission (Start 2006; ends Dec 2010)<br /> Guinea Current Commission (Starts July 2010)<br />
  22. 22. Organization Chart<br /> <br /> <br />
  23. 23. Some Challenges<br /><ul><li>Decline of fish catch in the region due to overfishing
  24. 24. Lack of management and adequate forecasting system on fishing activity; this has food security implications for the 300 million people of the GCLME region
  25. 25. Physical destruction of coastal habitats and wetlands ; this is causing the loss of spawning and breeding grounds for most living resources; flora and fauna also endangered
  26. 26. Overuse and pollution has severely damaged mangroves
  27. 27. Use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides in commercial agriculture impact the marine and coastal environment
  28. 28. Oil and other Industries, urbanization socio-economic infrastructure near the coast all exert pollution pressure on the region’s waters </li></li></ul><li>Phosphate Plant, Kpeme, Togo<br />
  29. 29. Phosphate waste discharged into sea<br />
  30. 30. Level of Mangrove Loss<br />Results of the Gulf of Guinea-LME pilot project phase show that:<br /><ul><li>55 % of Ghana’s mangroves and significant wetlands around the greater Accra area had been decimated through pollution and overcutting
  31. 31. For Benin it is 45% in the Lake NOKOUE area
  32. 32. Nigeria is 33% in the Niger Delta
  33. 33. Cameroon 28% in the Wouri Estuary
  34. 34. Cote d’Ivoire 60% in the Bay of Cocody</li></li></ul><li>IGCC/GCLME’s Remit<br /> Address the priority problems and issues that have lead to unsustainable fishing and use of other marine resources, as well as degradation of marine and coastal ecosystems by human activity in the region. <br />Broadly, and in the long-term IGCC/GCLME must:<br /><ul><li>Recover and sustain depleted fisheries
  35. 35. Restore degraded habitats
  36. 36. Reduce land- and ship-based pollutants</li></li></ul><li> Long-Term Objectives<br />Restore and sustain the health of the GCLME and its natural resources, particularly as it concerns its biological diversify. To achieve this, development goals with the following immediate objectives were established:<br /><ul><li>Strengthening regional institutional capacity to prevent and remedy pollution of the GCLME and associated degradation of physical habitats
  37. 37. Develop an integrated data and information management system as a decision-making support tool for sound ecosystem management
  38. 38. Establish comprehensive programme for assessment of the living marine ecosystem, and health and productivity of GCLME
  39. 39. Prevent and control land based sources of industrial and urban pollution
  40. 40. Develop national and regional strategies and policies for long-term management of GCLME</li></li></ul><li>Priority Areas<br />Priority Action Areas <br />Priority Problems of Resource Depletion<br /><ul><li>Reversing degradation of the coastal area and living resources
  41. 41. Relying heavily on regional capacity-building
  42. 42. Loss of biodiversity (including coastal erosion and loss of habitat)
  43. 43. Land- and Sea-based pollution </li></li></ul><li>Priority Areas Continued<br /><ul><li>Improve capacity
  44. 44. Strengthen national and regional institutions
  45. 45. Improve policy/legislative frameworks
  46. 46. Demonstrate technologies and approaches that will lead to improved ecosystem status
  47. 47. Cooperation with the private sector, since it is vital for long-term sustainability of actions</li></li></ul><li>What Has Been Done <br /><ul><li>A Trans-boundary Diagnostic Analysis
  48. 48. Strategic Action Plan (SAP) prepared
  49. 49. Prepared Workshops on National Action Plans </li></ul>launched December 2009<br />
  50. 50. SAP Policy Actions<br /><ul><li>Management and Sustainable Utilization of Marine Living resources
  51. 51. Management of Minerals and Extractive Resources
  52. 52. Effective Assessment of Environmental Variability, Ecosystem Impacts
  53. 53. Development of Early Warning System for Ecosystem Change
  54. 54. Assessment, Reduction and Control of Pollution
  55. 55. Maintenance of Ecosystem Health and Protection of Biodiversity</li></li></ul><li>NEXT STEPS<br />Transition from IGCC to GCC<br />Phase II funding support 2011-2015<br />Gradual transfer of Management to Member States.<br />2nd Ministerial Conference -2nd July 2010<br />Partners Conference in October 2010 in Cameroon<br />
  56. 56. Merci! Gracias! Obrigado! Thank You! <br />

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