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Sexually transmitted infections


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Sexually transmitted infections

  1. 1.  STI is a term applied to a variety of infections that are passed from one person to another primarily through vaginal, oral, or anal sex. This includes:  Human Papillomavirus (HPV)  Hepatitis B  Trichomoniasis  Bacterial Vaginosis
  2. 2.  STI’s are spread primarily through blood, semen,  You can also get vaginal secretions, and infected through discharge from sores or contact with sores or lesions caused by STI’s. lesions on other parts of the body, or through sharing razors, needles, The most likely way to or an object like a sex get an STI is to have toy, if body fluids from vaginal, oral, or anal sex another person are on without any protective it. barrier between the body parts involved.
  3. 3.  Pain or burning while  Symptoms are usually urinating. found in the genital Itching, discharge, or area. an unusual smell from  They also affect the the vagina, penis or thighs, throat, and anus. eyes, mouth, or the For women, sharp pains nose or hands. in the lower belly.  Some STI’s have no Growth, bumps, sores, o symptoms (Chlamydia r rashes. and gonorrhea). Flu-like symptoms
  4. 4.  Get a diagnosis as early as possible. Try to relieve discomfort. Do NOT have sex or douche. Go to..  Public health clinics  Family planning clinics  Primary care clinician  ER
  5. 5.  If curable STI’s are not found or treated on time they can have serious health consequences. STI’s that are caused by bacteria, protozoa, and other microorganisms (syphilis, chlamydia, gonorrhea, and trichomoniasis) can be cured with antibiotics or topical creams and lotions. Viral STI’s can be treated but not cured. This includes: herpes, hepatitis B, HPV, which causes genital warts and other changes in cervical cells and HIV which causes AIDS. Treatment may help relieve the symptoms and slow the progression of viral infections. Take all prescribed medications even if you feel better or the symptoms go away.
  6. 6.  More than 65 million people in the United  Women can catch an States currently have STI from infected men an incurable STI. more easily than men can from Each year, an women, because additional18 million germs can get inside people will become our bodies more easily. infected.  STI’s may reduce or More than half of all endanger our ability to cases occur in people become pregnant ages 15-24. and make pregnancy complications more likely. They may also One in four teen girls infect a fetus or infant. has an STD.
  7. 7.  There is this stereotype that sluts are dirty and virgins are clean. Sometimes that’s true but sometimes it’s not and  The social stigma attached yet we still make this to STI’s can make it difficult judgment over and over. to find the care we need.  Some people still believe that STI’s are just a punishment for “immoral” sex.  The impact of stigma on the affected individual can lead to depression, guilt and shame.
  8. 8. “The best way to dealwith an STI is to avoidgetting it in the firstplace.” “Many women now find that having sex is an expected part of a new relationship.”“Don’t let anyone pressureyou into have sex if youdon’t want to.” “Every woman has a right to enjoy her sexuality without fear of disease.” What types of myths have you heard about STDs? What can we do to get the facts straight?