In November 2008, President Mohamed Nasheed announced plans to look into purchasing new land in India, Sri Lanka, and Aust...
Impacts Of Climate Change Ledc
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Impacts Of Climate Change Ledc


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Impacts Of Climate Change Ledc

  1. 1. In November 2008, President Mohamed Nasheed announced plans to look into purchasing new land in India, Sri Lanka, and Australia. Why?<br />Impacts of Climate Change in an LEDC: The Maldives<br />ImpactsEconomicMaldives are an archipelago of 1,100 small islands in the Indian Ocean.Hulhumale is two metres above sea level and should buy the islander’s 50 more years survival time.500,000 Tourists are attracted a year, 1/5 are British.They are coral islands offering water based sports, diving, and fishing.Most of the land is no more than 1 metre above sea level.Tourism accounts for 28% of the countries GDP.Three of two hundred inhabited islands have already been evacuated.GDP = Gross Domestic Product. The total amount of money a country earns in a year.Oceanographers predict that most of the Maldives will be washed away in 30 years.Fishing and fish processing is the second largest industry after Tourism.Maldives ministry of tourism are thinking adopting the slogan ‘Come and see us while we are still here’SocialThere are ambitious plans to build a new island called ‘Hulhumale’ and has so far cost 30-40 million pounds.Environmental90% of the government income comes from tourist related taxes.Two islands have been evacuated due to sea level rises.As sea levels rise the coral reef habitat which forms the islands is being destroyed.The 300,000 residents will be forced to leave island if present trend continues.The ocean threatens the habitat of every human, plant, and land animal in the country.Male the capital city is surrounded by a 3 metre high wall.Tidal surges flood resident’s homes every fortnight.Coral reefs are a natural barrier against tidal surges.An increase in sea level of 58cm is predicted by the International Panel on Climate ChangeThe Maldives is ranked 150th in the World according to GDP per capita.The tidal surges cause salinisation of farm land lowering food production.21% of the population live below the poverty line.Background Information on the MaldivesFishing yields have halved as fishermen depend on bait fish living in the reef.ResponseIn the last century sea levels have risen by 20cm.The islands are at greater risk from the effects of Hurricanes.Salinisation is when the level of salt in the soil increases preventing crops from growing.<br />