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Blackboard Geography


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Blackboard Geography

  1. 1. THE TEACHING AIDS SERIES 8BLACKBOARD DRAWING FOR GEOGRAPHY J. STEWART CRICHTON, D.A. Lecturer in Art, Jordanhill Training College, Glasgow AND GORDON RAE, M.A. Principol Lecturer in Geogrophy, Jordanhill Training College, Glosgow THOMAS NELSON AND SONS LIMITEDLondon Edinburgh Paris Melbourne Johannesburg Toronto and New york
  2. 2. THOMAS NELSON AND SONS LTD ParksideWorks Edinburgh 9 36 Park Street LondonWr 3rz Flinders Street Melbourne Cr 3o2-3o4 Barclays Bank Building Commissioner and Kruis Streets NELsoN AND SoNs (Celraoa) Lro 9r-4l3 Wellington StreetWest Toronto r Tnorvres Nslsow AND SoNs 19 East 47th Stteet New York r7 Socrirr6 Fn.llgarss ofornows NrrsoN 97 rue Monge Paris 5 First published ry58 Seeonil Impression tg6o
  3. 3. FOREWORDThe purpose of this book is to illustrate the uses to which the blackboard can be put inthe teaching ofgeography and to encourage teachers to develop their own technique o{presenting the subject. Of all classroom aids, the blackboard is the most common and the most readilyavailable. fts contribution to the geography lesson can hardly be exaggerated, for thesubject-matter of geography is so well suited to blackboard illustration. fn general, theblackboard may serve its purpose in one or other of the following ways : r Representation of an extempore sketch-map in completed or partly completed form, or built up entirely in front of the class. z summary of essential points made during the lesson or in revision. 3 Graphic illustration of geographical terms or vocabulary. 4 Spontaneous drawing of items of immediate interest. 5 Sketch or series of sketches illustrating a point or theme. 6 Well-executed explanatory diagram in completed form. All such blackboard work, as exemplified in these pages, may help to arouse orsatisfy the interest and curiosity of a class, to hold their attention and to increase theirunderstanding of the subject. The topics presented are not so much a textbook of subject-matter as a guide to thegreat variety of illustrations which are possible in teaching geography. As well asmaking use of these, teachers may find some satisfaction in working out blackboardexamples for themselves and in developing their own blackboard technique. Thenumber of items shown on each page has made it impossible to reproduce the variousillustrations in scale. J. S. C. G. R.
  4. 4. CONTENTSObservational Geography 6 Norway 24,25Wind Canada 26,27Day and Night o o India zB, zgRainfall 9 Australia 30, 3ISimple Landforms ro, I I Egypt and the River Nile Z2, ZBLancashire 12, 13 The Suez Canal g4The Midlands of England T4, 15 The Story of Rubber 35The Woollen Industry r6 The Story of Cocoa 96, g7Glasgow and the River Clyde t7 The Story of Oil 38, 39East Anglia rB World Products 40Northern Ireland rB Transport Types 4rFishing r9 House Types 42Shipbuilding 20 Animals in the service of man 4ZCoal-mining 2I Antarctica 44, 4bTopic Maps oo Latitude and Longitude 46Topic Sketches 23 Building up scenes 47
  5. 5. POINTS TO NOTEWritingBlock or script letters are best for geography illustrations. They are more easily executedand in a big clear form they are legible from the rnore distant parts of the .l.rrroo*.In developing your lettering technique do not use exaggerated loops or any ornate style.Blackboardsfor gggsranhical purposes the squared or lined blackboard is not very satisfactory. Afixed blackboard is commonly used ; .so is the green roller board. White chalk is good,but yellow, especially on a green surface, is ahollear. Coloured chalks are indispensablebut frequently, in certain lights, blue is not very distinct-dipped in water itcan bemade more bold.Sketch-mapsMake the map outlines clear and bold. It is not possible or desirable to show a coastlinein great detail. The sketch-map is a pricis- of important information ; therefore, onlythe,salient points in the lesson must 6e picked out for representation on it. A frameenclosing a blackboard map gives it a finiihed and compact look. Try out various waysof showing items before committing_yourself to any 6ne method, ..g. to*rrs may beshown by a bold white or red circle O, and capital cities by a"nt square El The blackboard map completely prepared beforehandr"rJ., a useful purpose, butthe map which is built up before the c.lass, item by item, is very much tnot. *-thwhile.As a model to pupils a good blackboard sketch-map technique is essential.EnlargementsThe illustrations in this book may be reproduced in an enlarged and more permanentform in two ways : I By the guideJine enlargement as shown here : By means.of an epidiascope. Place the illustration in the epidiascope project ^brack ; i! :l .the of paper, copy the details and complete in with piece oi ir, aid of an epidiasclpe, a permanent outrine-map in white paint"o16rrr. (e.g. the home county ; the British rsles) may be reproduied. on a section of the blackboard or on the linen back of a disused wall-map which has been first well-coated with blackboard paint.
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