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P3.3. Rebuilding livelihoods after the earthquake


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Maude Rachelle Pierre Luois, Haiti

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P3.3. Rebuilding livelihoods after the earthquake

  1. 1. Rebuilding livelihoods after the Earthquake Uruguay, October 30, 2012 Maude Rachelle Pierre Louis, Haiti
  2. 2. Plan of Presentation• Overview of Haiti• Analysis of the situation in development perspective• Two different projects to make things happen:o Project tractorso PASAC Project• Conclusion
  3. 3. Overview of Haiti• Low investment in the agricultural sector, most important sector in terms of employment• Available agricultural land suited to mechanized cultivation is largely limited to large land owners and the government• Agricultural techniques based on Lowland agriculture and not agriculture mountain despite of more than 75% of land in slope and mountain• Family agriculture• Young population, a lot of needs…
  4. 4. Analysis of the situation in development perspective• 21st century: century of technology; century of research development; century of globalization…• Hunger has become a global challenge
  5. 5. Post earthquake project:Project tractors: Soil preparation and training in farm machinery
  6. 6. Basic elements for this project• Rapidity of the response (On Time Response activity)• Addressing key structural problems even in urgent situation:o Questioning the problem of agricultural mechanizationo Valuing wasteland (like savane diane, 20,000 ha)
  7. 7. Objectives Improve and increase agricultural production with better technology Job Creation for residents and displaced earthquake Knowledge transfer in farm machinery from Dominican Republic to Haiti
  8. 8. Results obtained Culture Yield before the Yield after the project Kg /ha project Kg /ha Sorghum 750 2,000 Maize 1,000 2,500 Black Bean 550 1,300 Cassava 10,000 20,000 Sweet potato 5,000 12,000• 2,000 farmers helped in 3 departments to prepare on time 5,280 has; more than 125 people trained in driving and maintaining a tractor; 4,900 people with small job; draft available on the reform of the agricultural mechanization
  9. 9. Haiti post earthquake support programfor Food and employment generation in affected areas (PASAC Project)
  10. 10. Objectives• Improve agricultural production through infrastructure rehabilitation, agricultural inputs and establishment of community gardens• Job creation• Strengthening human/social capital and entrepreneurship
  11. 11. Basic elements for this project• Capacity building: Empower institutions involved in the communities (local cooperative credit to pay the workers; 2 local institutions to coordinate activities; irrigator’s associations receive support to rehabilitate the systems)• Medium and long term action: train local group of farmers to produce seeds of black beans; establishment of 26 fruit orchards and about 500 small gardens for nutrition purpose• Development of synergy in a consortium with clearly defined roles
  12. 12. Results obtained• Capacity of the households to support the increase of about 20% of the usual size due to the Increased production through:o 9,000 has of land rehabilitated in watersheds over the irrigated areaso 13 irrigated systems rehabilitated for the development of 3,000 hao Additional income for 20,000 people with small jobs• Better organization of the commercialization with 22,5 Km of rural road rehabilitated ; open market producers (vegetable production)• New trades are introduced like grafters, machinery operators• New avenues of development are explored• 10 micro enterprises got finance to restart their business
  13. 13. CONCLUSION: Let us address the situation differently• Methodology based on a medium or a long term perspective gives better results.• In protracted crisis, who survives better?
  14. 14. The answer is: informal sectorWe Need:o To make a choice for conceptual break: formalize the economy under the old system or rethink the economy, based on the adapted and highly survival system in the informal sector?o To rethink communication in development project: the most important is not what you say but what the others understando To develop the mentality of using resources available and make prevention (costs less)
  15. 15. Thank You Gracias Merci