P2.3. Global Research Alliance on agricultural greenhouse gases
Global Research Allianceon agricultural greenhouse gasesDate: Hayden Montgomery10/31/2012 Secretariat
Summary1. Background2. Partner Organisations3. Membership4. Structure5. Research Groups a. Croplands Research Group b. Livestock Research Group c. Paddy Rice Research Group6. Cross-cutting Groups a. Soil Carbon and Nitrogen cycling Cross-cutting Group b. Inventories and Measurement Cross-cutting Group7. Work Areas8. Fellowships and Award opportunities
1. Background: The AllianceThe Alliance was launched in December 2009 in response toincreasing global concerns. • Agriculture is vital in achieving food security, poverty reduction and sustainable development. • The agricultural sector is vulnerable to the impacts of climate change • Agriculture must meet the increasing global demand for food while reducing greenhouse emissions. • The agricultural sector has many opportunities to contribute to emissions reductions and carbon sequestration while still helping meet food security objectives.
1. Background: The Alliance• Improving efficiency and productivity of agricultural systems through improved management practices and technologies.• Helping to build resilience and adaptive capacity of agricultural systems while helping to meet the increasing demand for food in a sustainable manner.• There is a need to increase research cooperation and investment in mitigation practices and technologies in order to develop more efficient and productive agricultural systems.
1. Background: Alliance GoalsThe Alliance will seek to increase international cooperation,collaboration and investment in both public and privateresearch activities to:• Improve farmer access to new knowledge and technology;• promote synergies between adaptation and mitigation;• develop the science and technology to improve measurement and estimation;• develop consistent methods for measurement of greenhouse gas emissions and carbon sequestration;• facilitate the exchange of information;• build scientists’ expertise through new exchange opportunities;• develop partnerships.
2. Partner OrganisationsSeveral international organisations have joined the Alliance as Partners:• African Development Bank• Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research• Food and Agriculture Organization• Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture• Tropical Agricultural Research and Higher Education Centre (CATIE)• World Bank
3. Membership33 member countries:Argentina Denmark Korea PhilippinesAustralia Finland Japan SpainBrazil France Malaysia SwedenCanada Germany Mexico SwitzerlandChile Ghana Netherlands ThailandChina Indonesia New Zealand UKColombia Italy Norway United StatesCosta Rica Ireland Peru Uruguay Vietnam
4. Structure• Alliance Council – chaired by different countries on a rotating basis• Three Research Groups• Two Cross-cutting Groups• Guided by a Charter• Supported by a Secretariat
Cross-cutting Groups5. Research GroupsLivestock Research Group Nitrogen Cycling Soil Carbon and Inventory andCroplands Research Group MeasurementPaddy Rice Research Group
5a. Research Groups: CroplandsCo-chairs: Brazil - Martin Ladislau-Neto (EMBRAPA) USA - Steve Shafer (USDA-ARS)Participants: All Alliance Member CountriesThree Research Components:1. Quantifying net greenhouse gas emissions Leaders: Guy Richard (France) and Chuck Rice (USA)2. Greenhouse gas emissions in agricultural peatlands and wetlands Leaders: Lillian Øygarden (Norway), Åsa Kasimir Klemedtsson (Sweden), Kristiina Regina (Finland)3. Modelling C and N emissions Leaders: Sylvain Pellerin (France), Nancy Cavallaro (USA)
5b. Research Groups: LivestockCo-chairs: the Netherlands – Martin Scholten (Wageningen UR) New Zealand - Harry Clark (NZAGRC)Participants: All Alliance Member CountriesTwo Sub- Groups: 1. Ruminant Leaders: Harry Clark (New Zealand) and Veronica Ciganda (Uruguay) 2. Non-Ruminant Leaders: Paul Vrieskoop (the Netherlands), La Van Kinh (Vietnam)Four Research Networks: 1. Animal Selection Genetics and Genomics 2. Feed and Nutrition 3. Manure Management 4. Ruminant Microbial Genomics
5c. Research Groups: Paddy RiceCo-chairs: Japan - Kazuyuki Yagi (NIAES) Uruguay - Alvaro Roel (INIA-Uruguay)Participants: 18 Countries participate in the work of the GroupFour Activities of Research: 1. Develop standardised measurement techniques. 2. Develop knowledge databases. – Publications database – Experts database 3. Understanding paddy field management and effective mitigation techniques. 4. Encourage collaborative multi-country experiments.
6a. Cross-cutting Groups: SoilCarbon and Nitrogen CyclingCo-chairs: Australia - Bill Slattery (DCCEE) France - Jean-Francois Soussana (INRA)Participants: 27 Countries participate in the work of the GroupThree major research areas:1. Technical workshops2. Identifying models3. Testing and comparison of models
6b. Cross-cutting Groups:Inventories and MeasurementCo-chairs: Canada - Brian McConkey (Agriculture and Agri-food) the Netherlands - Jan Verhagen (Wageningen UR)Participants: 17 Countries participate in the work of the GroupTwo major research areas:1. Improved GHG quantification methodologies – Deals with all inventories including formal country submissions2. Guidance for GHG measurements – Validation of models – Identify existing mitigation opportunities
7. Meeting the Alliance Goals From stocktake toward scientific support to policies Stocktake & Networks & inventories databases Capability Research development collaboration Info & Tech Policy support transfer & links to int’l activitiesCommon understanding Concerted actions
7a. Stocktake and InventoriesFacilitate the sharing of data experience and information • Surveys of regional agriculture systems – South East Asia – Africa SF6 Tracer Technique – South America Guidelines Workshop, NZ 2011 • Stocktakes of countries capability and capacity • Stocktake of agricultural greenhouse gas modelsNitrous Oxide ChamberMethodology • Survey of management practices andworkshop, NZ 2011 mitigation methodologies
7b. Networks and DatabasesResearch and science coordination Rumen Microbial Genomicsin targeted areas network meeting, NZ 2011 • Feed and nutrition network • Manure management network • Irrigation Network • Croplands GHG emissions network • Ruminant microbial genomics network • Inter-comparison of models, across Research Groups • Animal selection genetics and genomics network
7c. Capability DevelopmentRegional capability to reduce GHG intensity consistent with economies and development goals South-east Asia Technical• Fellowships, Awards and Exchanges Capability Building Project, Thailand 2012• Regional technical workshops • South East Asia • Kenya, Africa • Ghana, Africa• Regional Projects (South America, South East Asia)
7d. Research Collaboration Knowledge and technology development that would not have happened without the Alliance • International collaboration of croplands research sites – GHG emissions and carbon sequestration • Collaboration with the EU – JPI FACCE, AnimalChange • Measuring emissions from agricultural peatlands, with the FAO • Global catalogue of rumen microbes • Identifying low CH4 emitting livestockFONTAGRO meeting inUruguay 2012
7e. Information and TechnologyTransferImprove access to knowledge and technologies• Greenhouse gas • Developing guidelines and measurement meeting methodologies• Literature databases • Paddy Rice measurement - Croplands standards - Paddy Rice • Livestock emissions manuals• Experts database GHG Measurement Platform - Paddy Rice Meeting, UK 2011
7f. Policy Support and links toInternational ActivitiesEfficient and effective use of research funding• Comparison of models to identify mitigation options for carbon and nitrogen emissions• Water management options in irrigated paddy rice fields with the CGIAR and IRRI• Support international inventory methodologies Ministerial Summit, signing of the Alliance Charter, Rome 2011
8. Fellowship and Award OpportunitiesAwards offered by Member countries to support the AllianceBorlaug Fellowships - Global Research Alliance – US Dept. of Agriculture & US Agency for International Development – Competitive selection of early to mid-career scientists in GRA developing countries; work with a mentor in the US for up to 3 monthshttp://www.fas.usda.gov/icd/borlaug/special_programs/GRA/GRA%20Main.aspLEARN/GRASS New Zealand fellowships – LEARN fellowships awarded to developing country Scientists – Technician, Post-Doc, Co-Funded PhD – GRASS award is an opportunity for established scientists to travel and share their work.http://www.livestockemissions.net/funding-opportunities.html
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