P2.3. Research partnerships on climate change mitigation through REDD+ and the interactions with agriculture


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P2.3. Research partnerships on climate change mitigation through REDD+ and the interactions with agriculture

  1. 1. Research partnership on climate change mitigation through REDD+ and the interactions with agriculture Almeida Sitoe Department of Forestry, Eduardo Mondlane University, Maputo, MozambiqueSecond Global Conference on Agricultural Research for Development (GCARD2) Punta del Este, Uruguay, 29 October – 1 November 2012
  2. 2. Objective of the presentation• Present joint work with CIFOR which was initiated through national level stakeholder processes in Mozambique• Present the interface involving a CGIAR Center, national institutions, academia and civil society• Present the role of actors at all levels in relation to emerging policy options, particularly REDD+• Present early results and how these are influencing policy development in Mozambique
  3. 3. Introduction• Mozambique is one of the countries in Southern Africa with high forest cover• Deforestation is high (0.58% per year and increasing)• About 80% of the GHG emissions are from agriculture land forest mand use• Therefore engaged on REDD+ as an opportunity to reduce emissions while improving SFM
  4. 4. The REDD+ Process in Mozambique• Coordination by the Ministry of Environment (MICOA) and the Ministry of Agriculture (MINAG)• Funding provided by the Norwegian Government• South-South Collaboration: to develop the initial ideas of REDD+ at national level (since 2009) – A group of Mozambican Institutions • Eduardo Mondlane University (UEM) • Centro Terra Viva (CTV) – Amazonia Sustainable Foundation (FAF) - Brazil – International Institute fo Environment and Development (IIED) - UK – Indufor - Finland
  5. 5. Global Comparative studies on REDD+• 12 countries: Brazil, Bolivia, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Indonesia, Nepal, Peru, Tanzania, Vietnam, Papua New Guinea (PNG), Mozambique, and Burkina Faso• The goal of the study is to influence REDD+ design and implementation at three scales: – Local: Site and landscape project activities, including methods for community-based monitoring – National: Development of strategies and policies, including scenarios for national reference levels – Global: REDD architecture in the global post-2012 climate- protection agreement
  6. 6. Source of Funds
  7. 7. Early results for Mozambique• Drivers of deforestation and forest degradation – Wood energy – Agriculture – Unsustainable logging – Mining
  8. 8. Underlying causes of Agriculture- related deforestation• Subsistence agriculture (food production)• Limited access to technologies• Slash-and-burn agriculture• Of the 800,000 cash crop growers, 99% are smallholders covering >243.000 ha (76% of the cash crop area) (2009-2010)
  9. 9. Underlying factors for deforestation and forest degradation• Demographic factors - population growth, density, and urbanization• Technological factors – low productivity agriculture• Economic factors – export commodities (sesame, tobacco, cotton, timber)• Institutional factors – weak institutional capacity
  10. 10. Implications for REDD+• Land ownership insecurity may promote further deforestation• Most vulnerable people may be negatively affected• Need to define Forest and Carbon rights
  11. 11. Comparative results: REDD+ process ownership• REDD+ process is driven by domestic actors, high national ownership over their REDD+ process, there is strong coalition building among state and non- state actors in support of REDD+ – Mozambique, Brazil, Indonesia Peru, Vietnam
  12. 12. Comparative studies: Governance and institutional setup• Weak governance and institutional set-ups such as functioning multi- level governance system and effectiveness of forest legislation, policy and governance –Mozambique, PNG, Nepal, Indonesia, B urkina Faso, DRC
  13. 13. How are the results influencing processes at national level• Public Consultation • Training and• Civil Society CIFOR Capacity Building engagement• Private sector CTV • Research participation (+ UEM IIED, FAS ) REDD+ National REDD+ National REDD+ REDD+ Piloting Strategy Reference Level Policies MINAG MICOA• Agriculture • Climate Change• Forestry Policies• Land issues • Cross-sector coordination
  14. 14. Thank you!