GCARD2: Briefing paper North-South and South-South Collaborative Actions


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The Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa (FARA) and the European Forum on Agricultural Research for Development (EFARD) through The European Alliance on Agricultural Knowledge for Development (AGRINATURA), joined forces in the implementation of the Platform for African-European Partnership on Agricultural Development (PAEPARD), established with funding from the European Union. Among the problems addressed by PAEPARD are: insufficient capacities of African agricultural knowledge organisations, at regional and national levels, on multi-stakeholder partnership for innovation systems; lack of effective linkages between research, extension and rural development.
Visit the conference site for more information: http://www.egfar.org/gcard-2012

Le Forum pour le Recherche Agricole en Afrique (FARA) et le Forum Européen sur le Recherche Agricole pour le Développement (EFARD) à travers l’Alliance Européenne sur la Connaissance Agricole pour le Développement (AGRINATURA) ont joint leurs efforts dans la mise en place de la Plate forme pour le partenariat Afrique-Europe sur le Développement Agricole (PAEPARD), élaborée avec le financement de l’Union Européenne. Parmi les problèmes abordés par la PAERPARD on peut citer : la faible capacité des Organisations Africaines de Connaissance Agricole, aux niveaux régional et national, et sur le partenariat multi-acteurs pour les systèmes d’innovation ; le manque de relations effective entre la recherche, la vulgarisation et le développement rural.

Visitez le site web de la GCARD2 pour plus d'informations: http://www.egfar.org/gcard-2012

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GCARD2: Briefing paper North-South and South-South Collaborative Actions

  1. 1. DRAFTBreakout session C1.3 North-South and South-South Collaborative Actions – SpeakerBriefThe Platform for African-European Partnership on Agricultural Development(PAEPARD)Paolo Sarfatti (EFARD/AGRINATURA) Context – the problems being addressedEurope has considerable experience and technical expertise in applying Agricultural Research forDevelopment (ARD) to address development challenges. These are not limited to technicalinnovations, but also include the pioneering of new approaches such as innovation systems to improveresearch response to farmer demands, capacity strengthening initiatives and knowledge transfer todeveloping countries’ institutions and individuals. In addition, Europe is the largest regional donor, asEuropean countries and the European Commission collectively contribute around 60 percent of officialOversees Development Assistance (ODA). This includes around €1.2 billion annually to supportagriculture and rural development. Europe is also the largest contributor to publicly funded ARD,including to the CGIAR.The Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa (FARA) and the European Forum on AgriculturalResearch for Development (EFARD) through The European Alliance on Agricultural Knowledge forDevelopment (AGRINATURA), joined forces in the implementation of the Platform for African-European Partnership on Agricultural Development (PAEPARD), established with funding from theEuropean Union.Problems addressed by PAEPARD: 1. Insufficient capacities of African agricultural knowledge organisations, at regional and national levels, on multi-stakeholder partnership for innovation systems; 2. Lack of effective linkages between research, extension and rural development; 3. Insufficient cross-sectoral linkages, between agriculture, environment and social sectors; 4. Agricultural research not enough driven by demand and opportunities, leading to lack of impact on development; 5. African and European agricultural knowledge organisations do not exploit the potential of working together for the mutual benefit of the two regions on agricultural innovation for development. Current activities presented and discussed in the SessionPAEPARD is a collaborative project between FARA and EFARD (through AGRINATURA), financedby the EU. Phase I was implemented from 2007 to 2008 and assessed EU-African agricultural researchand/for development (ARD) partnerships and concluded that they were: 1. EU dominated, and; 2. Dominated by research organizations.Phase 2 started in 2009 and will run until December 2012. A one-year no -cost extension is currentlyawaiting approval by the EC. The project seeks to build “enhanced, more equitable, more demand- 1
  2. 2. driven and mutually beneficial collaboration of Africa and Europe on ARD with the aim of attainingthe MDGs”. PAEPARD II is led by FARA, co-coordinated by AGRINATURA (through threemembers of its network of universities and research organisations, CIRAD, IAO, and NRI), andimplemented in partnership with Pan African Association of Farmer Organizations (PAFO and itsconstituent SRFOs: EAFF, ROPPA, PROPAC and SACAU), African University Network(RUFORUM ), African Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN), three of AGRINATURA’sconstituents - CIRAD, IAO and NRI; COLEACP (Import association, EU), European CSO network(CSA), European Capacity Strengthening Organization(ICRA) and other associate partners in Africaand Europe.PAEPARD activities include mobilization of networks in Europe (including support to EFARD) andAfrica, development of communication tools between these, capacity strengthening and partnershipdevelopment, and advocacy. Through the different activities the following outputs, outcomes andimpact have been achieved: 1. Consultations among European and African stakeholder networks/groups to create awareness of opportunities and identify common interests, information needs and capacity-strengthening needs; 2. Three regional partnership inception workshops involving nine consortia were organized in Nairobi, Lomé and Pretoria for consortia belonging to the three sub-regions; 3. Information/communication (website, mapping, blog, information disseminated, etc.), including monitoring and two - monthly overviews of ARD funding opportunities related to Africa; 4. Two regional write-shops in Entebbe for Central and East Africa and Cotonou for West- Africa; 5. Nineteen African/European and research/research-user consortia established through open call, support for partnership and research proposal development, including 11 initiated/led by organizations representing the research “demand side”. A total of 14 research proposals submitted to outside funding agencies (African Union, ASARECA, CORAF, and Edulink), one funded (to date); 6. Five “sub-regional” partnerships established around agreed “federating themes” identified by African sub-regional farmer organizations (and COLEACP, in one case); 7. A total of 24 “Agricultural Innovation Facilitators” mobilized and financed to support research partnerships (“consortia”); and, 8. Capacities of partnerships and partnership facilitators improved.Outcomes 1. Strengthening of EFARD management, development of action plan; mobilization of European stakeholders; 2. Working relationships/communication between African/European networks and key constituent organizations (including African sub-regional farmer organizations) established; 3. A total of 24 partnerships established around shared and agreed priority themes mostly identified by research-user groups (but finance to implement resulting research priorities not yet achieved).Impacts/Potential Impacts  Too early to assess!Lessons learned 1. There is strong interest among different types of organization to work together and, in many cases, to contribute some of their own resources. 2. Research funding instruments are not always conducive to balanced partnerships (i.e. research proposals including or led by “research user” partner organizations) 3. Partnerships funded as projects can be dominated by the project’s lead organization. Balanced 2
  3. 3. partnerships – and participation are more likely if each organization has its own resources – but partnership building will take longer and require “brokerage”/”facilitation” which is currently largely absent in innovation systems. 4. The role of “neutral” partnership facilitators is generally appreciated by most partners, and seems to lead to more balanced inputs. But this role is not easily filled, and can be easily confused with that of “team/project leaders”. 5. Both European and African national research organizations are slow to engage in more in- depth and broader ARD initiatives in the absence of incentives/rewards systems that offer immediate and obvious benefits. 6. The time required for, and the costs of communication and establishing mutual understanding – i.e. planning or “transaction” costs - can be substantially greater than expected at the project outset. Intended outcomes 1. European and African agricultural research and development actors are increasingly engaged in ARD initiatives targeting African-European priorities of mutual interest and benefit; 2. African-European partnerships on agricultural research for development are increasingly driven by users demand; 3. European and African funding mechanisms support more effectively the integrated research and non-research actions necessary for development-oriented agricultural innovation supporting achievement of the MDGs. Commitments to collective actions in 2012-2014 (national, regional or international) i. With existing resourcesIf approval of the one year extension is given, financial resources available until the end of 2013 willbe approximately € 2 million. With these resources the following activities will be carried out: 1. Mobilize European stakeholders, including African Diaspora associations, and African stakeholders, in the demand-led process; 2. Document and share information and knowledge from the project; 3. Document and monitor knowledge exchange among partners. Such activity is crucial to allow smooth flow of information and knowledge of available opportunities to submit proposals developed by various partnerships facilitated by the project; 4. Strengthen and improve the set-up of the PAEPARD e-platform. Updates of information and communication system will make its access friendlier and will organize continued training on content management and on platform uses by partners and stakeholders; 5. Involvement of partners in building the capacity of the end users led process, organizing inception and write-shops for them to respond to calls launched by developing proposals. The capacity building intervention may also concern some of the 19 current consortia to respond to a specific call for proposals; 6. Mentoring the existing 19 consortia by revising concept notes and full proposals to fit to specific calls. At the same time support consortia created through the users-led process until development of full proposals. Drawing lessons learned and sharing them with all stakeholders; 7. Develop advocacy materials based on the 19 consortia supported by PAEPARD and case studies to lobby for the reform of traditional research funding mechanisms. Search for funding at bilateral level for funding of the full proposals developed by the consortia; 8. Participation at high level meetings of decision-makers and presentation of the innovation ARD approach for it to be funded.These activities aim at contributing to the implementation of the GCARD Road Map, in ensuring 3
  4. 4. equitable partnership and accountability among all stakeholders of agricultural innovation anddevelopmental change, experimenting and documenting for out-scaling and generalization new modelsand approaches to multi-stakeholder partnership which are effective in terms of results (outcomes andimpact) while keeping transaction costs to the lowest realistic level. ii. With additional supportAdditional support from other funding sources (e.g. bi-lateral, private sector, etc.) is crucial to supportthe partnerships/consortia which have been facilitated and supported so far. PAEPARD is monitoringthe calls/opportunity and providing support to consortia to present proposals to on-going calls. iii. With specific large scale programme investmentThe PAEPARD Mid-Term Review (MTR) was launched in January 2012 and was completed in April2012. The review recommended the formulation of a third phase of PAEPARD, which wouldcapitalise on the investment in capacity and partnerships in PAEPARD II, but also explore bettermatching of research proposals to sources of funding. This phase is envisaged for a 5-year period.Many lessons have been learned from the PAEPARD experience and these have been included inconsidering the need, interest and feasibility of similar platforms in Asia and Latin America. If andwhen building up platforms between these regions and Europe, lessons from PAEPARD should becarefully taken into account for the bi-region collaboration.Some of the partnerships facilitated by PAEPARD involve two or more countries in Africa and thebenefits of this type of within-region collaboration are potentially high. If the bilateral platforms withAsia and Latin America are established these should be likely to involve 3-way interactions, especiallyin sharing information and lessons. 4