Project of Liver Transplantation
Name:- Deepa
Class:- 12th

Section:- S6
Roll No:- 6
Introduction
The liver is the largest organ, present inside the body just below the right
lung and the diaphragm. The live...
Reason
Liver failure occurs when large parts of the liver become damaged beyond
repair and the liver is no longer able to ...
Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of liver problems include:

•Abdomi Discolored skin and eyes that appear yellowish
•Nal pain ...
Treatment
Surgical
To remove an unhealthy liver and replace it with the new one, liver
transplant surgeries are very effec...
Non Surgical
If medical therapy fails to succeed in treating these problems, a procedure
called Transjugular Intrahepatic ...
Condition
Donors can't be pregnant or overweight, although overweight candidates who
lose weight may be considered.
Donors...
Types of donors for Liver
Transplant
Live Donor – A live donor is a living person who is healthy
Cadeveric Donor – A cadav...
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Deepa presentation

  1. 1. Project of Liver Transplantation Name:- Deepa Class:- 12th Section:- S6 Roll No:- 6
  2. 2. Introduction The liver is the largest organ, present inside the body just below the right lung and the diaphragm. The liver lies close to the colon, the intestines and the right kidney. It roughly weighs about 1.5 kg and is deep red in color due to a rich blood supply. The liver performs several important functions: It plays a major role in the metabolic process and subsequently in the absorption of nutrients. It secretes a substance called bile, necessary for breakdown of bigger fat molecules into smaller forms. The bile reaches the small intestine through the bile duct, during the digestive process.
  3. 3. Reason Liver failure occurs when large parts of the liver become damaged beyond repair and the liver is no longer able to function. Liver failure is a life-threatening condition that demands urgent medical care. Most often, liver failure occurs gradually and over many years. However, a more rare condition known as acute liver failure occurs rapidly (in as little as 48 hours) and can be difficult to detect initially.
  4. 4. Symptoms Signs and symptoms of liver problems include: •Abdomi Discolored skin and eyes that appear yellowish •Nal pain and swelling •Itchy skin that doesn't seem to go away •Dark urine color •Pale stool color •Bloody or tar-colored stool •Chronic fatigue •Nausea •Loss of appetite
  5. 5. Treatment Surgical To remove an unhealthy liver and replace it with the new one, liver transplant surgeries are very effective. However, just like any other medical procedure, the transplant surgery needs adequate preparation. The patient must be aware of what he is going to go through post surgery.
  6. 6. Non Surgical If medical therapy fails to succeed in treating these problems, a procedure called Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS) can be performed. The traditional surgical bypass has a 10-60 percent mortality. Procedurerelated mortality due to TIPS is rare. This non-surgical treatment involves creating a bypass in the liver using balloon angioplasty and stent technology. X-ray guidance is used to find the correct vessels, and to form a short pathway between them inside the liver.
  7. 7. Condition Donors can't be pregnant or overweight, although overweight candidates who lose weight may be considered. Donors should be: •18 to 55 years of age •In good health with no major medical or psychiatric illnesses •Non-smokers for at least six weeks prior to surgery •Able to understand and comply with instructions for surgery preparation and recovery
  8. 8. Types of donors for Liver Transplant Live Donor – A live donor is a living person who is healthy Cadeveric Donor – A cadaveric donor is a brain dead person. Presented by DEEPA

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