Bullying: How Victims Are Affected and Supported By Their Families and Measures for Prevention<br />
What is Bullying?<br />Olweus (1993) defined bullying as “a behavior that leaves a child exposed, repeatedly and over time...
How Are Victims Affected?<br />Depressive Mood (Owusu, Hart, Oliver, & Kang, 	2011; as cited in Menesini, Modena, & Tani, ...
How Are Victims Affected? Con’t…<br />Anxiety (as cited in Menesini et al., 2009; 	Fredstrom 	et al., 2011)<br />Lonelines...
Supportive Families <br />Cohesive families enable children/adolescents victimized by bullies to cope and build resiliency...
Prevention<br />Batsche and Knoff (1994) suggested: <br />promoting facts regarding bullying<br />dismissing beliefs about...
Conclusion<br />Victim’s health and well-being is affected by bullying.  <br />Warm and positive family life could safegua...
Conclusion con’t…<br />More programs should be established teaching children better coping skills, self-esteem, and how to...
References<br />Batsche, G. M. & Knoff, H.M. (1994). Bullies and their victims: Understanding a <br />	pervasive problem i...
References con’t…<br />Fredstrom, B. K., Adams, R. E. & Gilman, R. (2011). Electronic and school-based <br />	victimizatio...
References con’t…<br />Skapinakis, P., Bellos, S., Gkatsa, T., Magklara, K., Lewis, G., Araya, R., ... Mavreas, <br />	V. ...
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Au Psy492 M7 A2 Chinchilla G

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Au Psy492 M7 A2 Chinchilla G

  1. 1. Bullying: How Victims Are Affected and Supported By Their Families and Measures for Prevention<br />
  2. 2. What is Bullying?<br />Olweus (1993) defined bullying as “a behavior that leaves a child exposed, repeatedly and over time to negative actions on the part of one or more other students” (as cited in Powell & Ladd, 2010). <br />Bullying can be done verbally- i.e. name calling, teasing, or threats- physically through shoving, pushing, hitting, punching, etc. (Powell & Ladd, 2010). <br />
  3. 3. How Are Victims Affected?<br />Depressive Mood (Owusu, Hart, Oliver, & Kang, 2011; as cited in Menesini, Modena, & Tani, 2009; Fredstrom, Adams, & Gilman, 2011)<br /> Low Self-Esteem (as cited in Menesini et al., 2009; Fredstrom et al., 2011)<br />Suicide Ideation (Owusu et al., 2011; Skapinakis et al., 2011)<br />
  4. 4. How Are Victims Affected? Con’t…<br />Anxiety (as cited in Menesini et al., 2009; Fredstrom et al., 2011)<br />Loneliness (Owusu et al., 2011)<br />
  5. 5. Supportive Families <br />Cohesive families enable children/adolescents victimized by bullies to cope and build resiliency.<br />Resiliency in children, especially those who are victims of bullying, allows them to function better (Bowes, Maughan, Caspi, Moffitt, and Arseneault, 2010).<br />A loving family environment essentially establishes a safe haven for the children which assists in emotional and behavioral adjustments (Bowes et al., 2010). <br />
  6. 6. Prevention<br />Batsche and Knoff (1994) suggested: <br />promoting facts regarding bullying<br />dismissing beliefs about aggressive behavior<br />surveying schools about bullying<br />providing counseling for bullies and victims<br />parent involvement in the intervention process<br />implementation of intervention strategies for children with aggression<br />accountability and evaluation <br />
  7. 7. Conclusion<br />Victim’s health and well-being is affected by bullying. <br />Warm and positive family life could safeguard the victims from any lingering bullying scars. <br />Bully prevention and intervention programs at schools are helpful but have not stopped the escalating problem.<br />
  8. 8. Conclusion con’t…<br />More programs should be established teaching children better coping skills, self-esteem, and how to handle bullies in a non-violent manner.<br />Bowes et al. (2010) indicated that children with “resiliency…function better than would be expected given their experience of bullying.”<br />Further research should be considered in this area as it would not only help victims but also minimize the prevalence of bullying.<br />
  9. 9. References<br />Batsche, G. M. & Knoff, H.M. (1994). Bullies and their victims: Understanding a <br /> pervasive problem in the schools. School Psychology Review. 23(2), 165-174. <br /> Retrieved from http://web.ebscohost.com.wf2dnvr13.webfeat.org/ehost/detail?sid=1fc81d81-61d9-4ad7-9c3b-8bf5a4384974%40sessionmgr12&vid=2&hid=8&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=afh&AN=9501303824.<br />Bowes, L., Maughan, B., Caspi, A. Moffitt, T. E. & Arseneault, L. (2010). Families<br /> promote emotional and behavioural resilience to bullying: Evidence of an environmental effect. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 51(7), 809-817. Abstract retrieved from http://search.proquest.com.wf2dnvr13.webfeat.org/docview/742884734/abstract?source=fedsrch&accountid=34899.<br />
  10. 10. References con’t…<br />Fredstrom, B. K., Adams, R. E. & Gilman, R. (2011). Electronic and school-based <br /> victimization: Unique contexts for adjustment difficulties during adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 40(4), 405-415. Abstract retrieved from http://search.proquest.com.wf2dnvr2.webfeat.org/docview/858659863/abstract?source=fedsrch&accountid=34899.<br />Menesini, E., Modena, M. & Tani, F. (2009). Bullying and victimization in <br /> adolescence: Concurrent and stable roles and psychological health symptoms. Journal of Genetic Psychology, 170(2), 115-33. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com.wf2dnvr2.webfeat.org/docview/228460339/abstract?accountid=34899.<br />Owusu, A., Hart, P., Oliver, B., & Kang, M. (2011). The association between bullying <br /> and psychological health among senior high school students in Ghana, West Africa <br /> [Abstract]. Journal of School Health, 81(5), 231-238. doi:10.1111/j.1746-<br /> 1561.2011.00590.x.<br />Powell, M.D. & Ladd, L.D. (2010). Bullying: A review of the literature and implications<br /> for family therapists. American Journal for Family Therapy, 38 (3), 189-206. doi: <br /> 10.1080/01926180902961662.<br />
  11. 11. References con’t…<br />Skapinakis, P., Bellos, S., Gkatsa, T., Magklara, K., Lewis, G., Araya, R., ... Mavreas, <br /> V. (2011). The association between bullying and early stages of suicidal ideation in late adolescents in Greece. BMC Psychiatry, 11(1), 22-30. doi:10.1186/1471-244X-11-22.<br />Ttofi, M. M. & Farrington, D. P. (2011). Effectiveness of school-based programs to <br /> reduce bullying: A systematic and meta-analytic review. Journal of Experimental <br /> Criminology, 7(1) 27- 56. Abstract retrieved from http://search.proquest.com.wf2dnvr13.webfeat.org/docview/852324202/abstract?source=fedsrch&accountid=34899.<br />

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