11 sor module 6 6p

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  • 11 sor module 6 6p

    1. 1. The Branching Out of:Australian Aboriginal Groupings Christianity Judaism The goal of this 6P is to: outline to stage 6 students the Key features of Anglicanism, Catholicism, Orthodoxy, Pentecostalism and Protestantism outline the unique features of Conservative Judaism, Orthodox Judaism Progressive Judaism outline the unique features of: – Anglicanism – Catholicism – Orthodoxy – Pentecostalism – Protestantism
    2. 2. Australian Aboriginal Groupings
    3. 3. Dreaming is the basis of all Aboriginal Life, Languages, Social Control Social Organisation and Relationships• Dreaming is the centre, the • The Arrernte people call focus, the essence, the nucleus, dreaming alcheringa ngambukala the nexus of Aboriginal Religion and life; it is the closest translation of the Aboriginal • The Pitjantjatjara people call it tjukarpa concept of how the world works• Dreaming is the past present and • North east Arnhem Land call it wongar future• Aboriginal People have many • These differences demonstrate a sense of how critical to the different languages. This means development of any Religious or that The Dreaming is interpreted Spiritual movement the nature of in a variety of ways variants and groupings is.
    4. 4. Diversity Origins• Aboriginal traditional religion is • Unlike Christianity and Judaism, rich and highly complex Aboriginal Spiritual traditions have evolved over 40 000 years• Like Christianity and Judaism Aboriginal religion provides the • If the Dreaming is the trunk, its faithful with meaning purpose branches are numerous...far and security in life. more in number than either Christianity and Judaism.• One cannot correctly speak of one Aboriginal religion because there are many distinct Aboriginal Peoples whose languages and traditions are not all the same.
    5. 5. Diversity Origins cond• The branches before Australian • In comparison, Christianity and colonisation some 220 years Judaism branch out in their ago were: 6-700 different development from a central Aboriginal Nations with over belief system. Theirs is a 200 different languages divergent method of evolving into the variants that exist• Despite such a variety of today. religious practices and beliefs from group to group and • The Aboriginal Groupings are region to region, there is a determined via a convergent substantial degree of common process whereby all groupings ground amongst the Aboriginal branches lead back to the groupings central common ground of The Dreaming and all it encompasses
    6. 6. Dreaming Variations• In some parts of Australia, due to time, distance and indigenous expressions emphasis was given to a particularly important creative being albeit different as the ancestor of all people.• In south east Australia there was a very powerful spirit who was sometimes referred to as the All Father.• In northern Australia a mother figure is evoked• The Rainbow Serpent has broad ranging importance• In many parts of the country particular Kin groups are united by their common bond with their ancestor Dreaming• Despite variations in the type of totem(representative symbol) chosen(eg Honey Ant) in all cases the underlying importance of the totem is the common spiritual affiliation which unites men and women, nature and the Dreamings.
    7. 7. Classification Systems• The order or design of life laid down by the Dreamings sometimes involves very complex systems of classification. One may compare the complexity of life for an Orthodox Jew in the keeping of the Shabbat• In some places, everything in the world, whether spiritual, natural or human belongs to one of two opposed categories known as MOIETIES. These categories can be subdivided again and again up to 8 SUBSECTIONS• Aboriginal KINSHIP systems are organised along these lines, where each person belongs to a particular subsection which ids different to, but is determined by their parents• A person is supposed to marry someone of the opposite moiety of another subsection. Through this system every person s related to every other and has a set role with respect to the other. If your father belongs to a certain subsection, then you would call everyone who belongs to that subsection “Father” and would treat them in a manner appropriate to thatrelationship
    8. 8. Variants of Christianity• Anglicanism was formalised by King Henry VIII after separating from the papal authority of The Roman Catholic Church. Core beliefs include the centrality of the Bible and key sacraments of baptism and the Lord’s Supper.• There are two divisions: HIgh Church (Anglo Catholic) and Low Church (evangelical) High Church includes the title of the priest, seven sacraments and use of vestments. Evangelical Anglicans lead simple services without incense and investments• Catholicism began historically with the disciples of Jesus, establishing itself upon the leadership of St Peter. The Catholic Church remains hierarchical with the community looking to leadership from its priests, bishops cardinals and pope. several groups are: Roman Catholic (largest) and Eastern Rite Catholics (Maronite and Melkite)• Core Catholic beliefs inculcate the significance of the guidance of the Holy Spirit, sacraments as a channel of God’s grace, {“ Christ has entrusted the sacraments to His Church...through them divine life is bestowed upon us” CCC226/24}the guidance of scripture and the magisterium (teaching authority of the Church).
    9. 9. Christianity Variants cond• Orthodoxy evolved over divisions relating to papal authority and THAT debate over the Filioque (the expression of the relationship between the Blessed Trinity of Father, Son and Holy Spirit)• The Great Schism occurred in 1054, with the Easter Orthodox Churches being established under the leadership of the Patriarch of Constantinople and other patriarchal authorities.• Core beliefs establish the equal role of scripture and tradition as sources of authority. They have seven sacraments, divine worship is an important worship service, Icons are a distinctive feature, and liturgies are often filled with music and chanting• Pentecostalism emerged during the early 1900s in America emphasising the gifts of the Holy Spirit and what that brings to the worship service. Pastors have authority over their communities with services including testimony, preaching and music
    10. 10. Christianity Variants Cond• Pentecostalism beliefs focus on the gifts of The Holy Spirit such as prophecy, healing and speaking in tongues. Baptism in the Spirit (the individual’s experience of the power of The Holy Spirit) is an adherent’s first awareness of the power of Pentecostal worship• Special abilities given to believers include: sanctification(to become good, holy and saintly), prophesying, and the interpretation of prophesy, living in expectation of the imminent return of Christ, faith healing, preaching and teaching• Protestantism’s first efforts at reform were led by Luther, Calvin, Knox and Zwingli. Movements of reform believers were named: Baptists, Methodists, Lutherans, Calvinists, The Salvation Army and Quakers.• Protestantism emphasises the authority of the Bible as a source of teaching, the universal priesthood of believers and justification by faith. Each of these Churches developed teaching and practices under the leadership of their particular founder.
    11. 11. • The Orthodox believer is perceived as modern in outlook,(dress code) yet strict in the way he or she keeps the commandments, (rituals conducted in Hebrew, segregation between the sexes during worship, Patterns of life established by rabbinical Judaism) which according to Orthodox belief were given to the Jewish people at Mt Sinai. Eastern European Orthodoxy has changed little, with these Hassidic groups relying mainly on Medieval writer Maimonides.• Conservative Judaism accepts the rabbinical belief framework with certain modifications. Men and women sit together in synagogue, women are allowed to read from the Torah and girls may undergo a bat mitvah. Worship is conducted in both Hebrew and English, and many synagogues have choirs accompanied by music.• Reform Judaism originated in the early 19th century.They call their synagogues temples. Women are ordained as rabbis and cantors. Biblical prophets rather than on Moses’ religious prescriptions or on rabbinical commentaries of the Talmud is followed. They believe moral values will be cherished more strongly than religious ritual
    12. 12. Sources• BJE Board of Jewish Education• Compendium of the Catechism of the Catholic Church• Excel Studies of religion• Living Religion• Macquarie Studies of Religion• Oxford Studies of Religion

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