Exploring CEQA and the Air Quality Benefits of Good Land Use


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Exploring CEQA and the Air Quality Benefits of Good Land Use

  1. 1. GREENBELT ALLIANCEAdam Garcia Exploring thePolicy Researcher California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) andBAY AREA AIR QUALITY MANAGEMENT DISTRICTIan Peterson Realizing theEnvironmental Planner II Air Quality Benefits of Good Land UseFeb. 23, 2013   Let’s Get Moving Silicon Valley
  2. 2. Exploring CEQA GREENBELT ALLIANCE◽ Brief Overview◽ Project Review and Timeline under CEQA◽ Types of Environmental Impacts◽ Ways of Measuring the Impacts◽ Mitigating the Worst Impacts◽ How to Comment During Public Review
  4. 4. Exploring CEQA GREENBELT ALLIANCE ◽ Passed by Governor Reagan in 1970 after the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) ◽ Ensures environmental impacts are considered during the decision-making process for public or private projects ◽ No CEQA police, enforced by citizen influence or agency lawsuits
  5. 5. Exploring CEQA GREENBELT ALLIANCE◽ Purpose ◽ Disclose environmental impacts ◽ Identify ways to avoid damage ◽ Prevent significant unavoidable damage ◽ Provide reasons for a project’s approval despite significant environmental impacts ◽ Encourage interagency cooperation ◽ Enhance public participation in the planning process
  6. 6. Exploring CEQA GREENBELT ALLIANCE◽ When does it apply? ◽ An Agency holds discretion over a potential “project” that could result in direct or indirect physical changes in the environment◽ What is a “project”? ◽ Builds something, funds an activity, issues a permit for an activity◽ Which Agency? ◽ Lead Agency, Responsible Agency, Trustee Agency
  7. 7. CEQA Flow Process for a Project GREENBELT ALLIANCE Source: California Resources Agency
  8. 8. So which agency Do we have to worry is leading this about any impacts project anyway? from the project? Can we design the project or will there be a significantto avoid causing an impact effect if the project goes on the environment, forward as planned? Let’s include any other agencies that have jurisdiction over the project area. Following an initial study of the project, we’re giving notice of our preparation of the project’s… Negative Declaration Mitigated Negative Declaration Environmental Impact Report (EIR)
  9. 9. Hire a consultant to draft an EIR.Notify the public there will be adraft EIR released on a certaindate for a given amount of time. PUBLIC REVIEWIncorporate public comments PERIODon project into a final EIRincluding our agency responseto each question asked. Consider mitigations to significant impacts produced from the project. Make a final decision on the project.
  10. 10. Public Comment with CEQA GREENBELT ALLIANCE◽ Awareness of planning activity or projects in your area◽ Write a form letter to the lead agency to receive future notices on a project◽ Review the environmental determination of a project◽ Familiarize yourself with the key findings of the document◽ Strategize how you can use your resources to send your informed analysis on the project◽ Write a comment letter to the lead agency regarding your concerns on the impacts of the project and potential mitigations
  11. 11. Environmental Impact Categories Aestheticsphoto: California High Speed Rail Authority Michael Patrick
  12. 12. Environmental Impact Categories Air Qualityphoto: Getty Images
  13. 13. Environmental Impact Categories Hydrology / Water Qualityphoto: A-N West Inc.
  14. 14. Environmental Impact Categories Land Use / Planningsource: DRAFT Diridon Station Area Plan
  15. 15. Environmental Impact Categories Noise source: David Coate Consultingsource: Mike Yoder/Journal-World Photophoto: Stirling-Alloa Kincardine Railway
  16. 16. Environmental Impact Categories Population / Housingphoto: Kurt Rogers/The Chronicle
  17. 17. Environmental Impact Categories Public Servicesphoto: SJFD News & Public Information
  18. 18. Environmental Impact Categories Recreation Nsource: DRAFT Diridon Station Area Plan
  19. 19. Environmental Impact Categories Transportation / Traffic Nsource: DRAFT Diridon Station Area Plan
  20. 20. Environmental Impact Categories Utilities / Service Systemsphoto: PublicCEO.com
  21. 21. Environmental Impact Categories GREENBELT ALLIANCE◽  Aesthetics ◽ In what way are you an◽  Air Quality every day expert?◽  Hydrology/Water Quality ◽ Whose expertise could you◽  Land Use/Planning rely upon for support?◽  Noise◽  Population/Housing◽  Public Services◽  Recreation◽  Transportation/Traffic◽  Utilities/Service Systems
  22. 22. Measuring the Impact Global Warming Impactssource: Envision San José 2040 General Plan
  23. 23. Measuring the Impact Environmental Setting,photo:City of San Jose or Baseline Conditions
  24. 24. Measuring the Impact Envision San José Journey To Work 2040 General Plan General Plan Existing Implementation 2040 Goal Transit 4.1% 10% 20% Bicycle 1.2% 2% 15% Walk 1.8% 2% 15% Compare Anticipated Impacts to Baseline Conditionsphoto & source:City of San Jose
  25. 25. Measuring the Impact Significant Effect on the EnvironmentThresholds of Significance
  26. 26. Measuring the Impact Direct vs. Indirect Effectsphoto: David Monniaux
  27. 27. Measuring the Impact Significant Irreversible Environmental Changes Orchard planned for 244 residential estatesphoto: Adam Garcia
  28. 28. Measuring the Impact Central Zone The Commerce and Entertainment Zone Affordable Housing? Growth-Inducing Impactssource: DRAFT Diridon Station Area Plan
  29. 29. Measuring the Impact Upper Penitencia Creek Improvement ProjectInitial Study / Mitigated Negative Declaration Cumulative Impactssource: VTA – BART Silicon Valley
  30. 30. Measuring the Impact Summary of Less ­ than ­ Significant Impacts with Mitigation IncorporatedEnvironmental Checklist and Impact Mitigation Measure Summary Category Air Quality This is why the project won’t exceed the Mitigation Measure #1 thresholds of significance for air quality •  Best practice for good air quality Mandatory Findings of Significance
  31. 31. source: DRAFT Diridon Measuring the ImpactStation Area Plan Mitigation Measures
  32. 32. Measuring the Impact Alternatives Analysisphoto: Google Earth
  33. 33. Measuring the Impact GREENBELT ALLIANCE◽ Global Warming Impacts ◽ Cumulative Impacts◽ Environmental Setting, or ◽ Mandatory Findings of Baseline Conditions Significance◽ Compare Anticipated Impacts to Baseline◽ Mitigation Measures Conditions ◽ Alternatives Analysis◽ Significant Effect on the Environment◽ Direct vs. Reasonable Foreseeable Indirect Effects◽ Significant Irreversible Changes◽ Growth-Inducing Impact painting: Norman Rockwell
  34. 34. How to Comment Effectively GREENBELT ALLIANCE◽ Decide on your concerns/goals and read relevant sections first; think through your questions as you read the project’s documents◽ Emphasize your local expertise but base your comments on data, not emotion◽ Be specific, succinct and professional◽ Use standard intro, body and conclusion format◽ Cite sections of the project’s documents directly, focus on facts and quote relevant professionals and reports◽ Make sure your take home message is clear
  35. 35. Reviewing and Commenting on an Environmental Impact Report Comment Letter Due Date 5/10/13 Comment Letter Timeline30-day 45-day 60-day3/16/13 3/1/13 2/14/13 Familiarize yourself with the proposed Project or Plan and develop your own goals in the context of the projects goals3/18/13 3/3/13 2/21/13 Consider additional secondary goals3/21/13 3/6/13 2/27/13 Review and familiarize yourself with mitigation measures that are appropriate to addressing your goals3/26/13 3/16/13 3/1/13 Conduct a thorough review the relevant Elements/Sections of the proposed Project4/5/13 3/21/13 3/6/13 Determine what allies should be contacted to support particular sections, or specialties4/10/13 3/26/13 3/11/13 Begin to review the Plans EIR4/15/13 4/5/13 4/15/13 Following your review, compile resources to begin drafting EIR comments based on your analysis4/20/13 4/15/13 4/20/13 Make bullet points of the main findings from your review4/25/13 4/25/13 4/25/13 Draft a letter with your main findings from the Plans EIR analysis4/28/13 4/28/13 4/28/13 Send draft letter to colleagues for review5/2/13 5/2/13 5/2/13 Edit and update EIR comment letter5/6/13 5/6/13 5/6/13 Submit EIR comment letter5/10/13 5/10/13 5/10/13 Comment Letters Due
  36. 36. How to Comment Effectively GREENBELT ALLIANCE◽ California Attorney General’s Office – CEQA ◽ http://oag.ca.gov/environment/ceqa◽ Planning and Conservation League – CEQA ◽ http://www.pclfoundation.org/publications/ceqaresources.html◽ Receive CEQA Notices for a Particular Project ◽ Write a request letter to the lead agency◽ Greenbelt Alliance ◽ Sign up to receive email newsletter about San Jose◽ Bay Area Air Quality Management District ◽ Suite of Online Tools
  37. 37.  Let’s  Get  Moving  Silicon  Valley     2013  Summit     CEQA  &  Air  Quality  Benefits     of  Land  Use     Ian Peterson Environmental Planner II
  38. 38. BAAQMD BackgroundØ  Regional Air Pollution Control Agency •  Jurisdiction over air quality in 9 Bay Area counties •  Protect and Improve Public Health, Air Quality, and the Global Climate •  Bay Area population of over 7 millionØ  Responsibilities •  Stationary source regulations & permits •  Plans for attaining/maintaining air quality standards •  Incentive programs to reduce emissions from motor vehicles •  Coordinate with regional agencies, cities and counties, transit agencies on transportation and land use programs to reduce motor vehicle emissions
  39. 39. Transportation, Land Use & Air Quality Connections•  Major sources of air pollutants•  Limited authority over mobile emissions•  150 million daily vehicle miles traveled•  Land use decisions are critical 39
  40. 40. Smart Growth:Driving vs. Density 40
  41. 41. How Do We Achieve Healthy TOD?Reducing GHG emissions, achieving air quality standards, and minimizing localizedexposure to air pollutants are central to the District’s goals and efforts. To that end,the District encourages local governments to integrate public health into theplanning process.Together, we can: Ø  Recognize how we build influences travel choices Ø  Support community-wide, comprehensive planning Ø  Integrate risk reduction strategies Ø  Further develop tools and new techniques Ø  Continue collaborating 41
  42. 42. Clean Air Communities Initiative REGULATIONS  MONITORING   •     NSR  /  Permits  •     Ambient  Monitoring  Network   REGULATIONS, •     2588  Hot  Spots  Program  •     Community  Monitoring     PLANS, •     Source  Specific  Rules  •     Local  Measurement  Studies   & GUIDELINES •     Wood  Smoke  Rule  •     Collaborate  with  UniversiDes                   •     Back-­‐up  Generators  and  Community  Research  Monitoring   EXPOSURE •     Indirect  Source  Rule  Programs   ENFORCEMENT & HEALTH•     Photochemical  Monitoring         PLANNING  &  GUIDELINES   ASSESSMENT•     General  AviaDon  Airport  Sampling  •     Near  Roadway  Monitoring   COMMUNITIES •     CEQA  Guidelines   •     Community  Risk  ReducDon  Plans   •     2010  Clean  Air  Plan  MODELING  &  ASSESSMENT   •     PM  Strategy      •     Regional  and  Local  Modeling   GRANTS OUTREACH •     General  Plan  Guidelines  •     Regional  and  Local  Exposure  and   & •     SB375/SCS   &Health  Impacts  Assessment   INCENTIVES •     Climate  ProtecDon  Program/  •     Permit  Modeling  and  Risk   EDUCATION GHG  Co-­‐Benefits  Assessment   •   Healthy  Community  Development     Guidelines  OUTREACH/EDUCATION  •     Public  Engagement  Policy  and  Plan      •     Collaborate  with  Local  Governments  •     Collaborate  with  Health  Departments   GRANTS/INCENTIVES   ENFORCEMENT  •     Collaborate  with  TransportaDon  Agencies       •     Carl  Moyer  Program   •     Diesel  Enforcement  Program  •     Community  MeeDngs   •     TFCA   •     InspecDon/Enforcement  of  District  RegulaDons  •     Resource  Teams   •     Mobile  Source  IncenDve  Fund   •     Enforcement  of  CARB  RegulaDons  •     Collaborate  with  Community  Groups   •     I-­‐Bond/Goods  Movement   •     Respond  to  Complaints  •     Wood  Smoke  Outreach   •     Bay  Area  Clean  Air  FoundaDon   •     InspecDon  of  Grantees   42
  43. 43. Supporting Smart, Healthy Infill: Air District Efforts•  CEQA  Guidelines  &  Support  Tools   Ø  Recommended  methodologies,  analyDcal  models,  and  procedures   Ø  Screening  tools  esDmate  risk  levels  for  permi[ed  sources,  highways  and   major  roadways   Ø  Providing  project  assessment/technical  assistance  to  local  government  staff   and  the  public  •  Community  Risk  ReducNon  Plans  (CRRPs)   Ø  Community-­‐wide  approach  to  addressing  public  health  and  exposure   Ø  IniDated  CRRP  pilot  effort  with  ciDes  of  San  Francisco  and  San  Jose   Ø  Working  with  city  staff  on  risk  reducDon  measures     43
  44. 44. Community Air Risk Evaluation: Impacted CommunitiesØ  CARE program identifies 6 priority communities in Bay Area •  Exposure of youth and seniors to toxics •  High emissions of toxics •  Vulnerable populations – low income •  Roadways as primary boundariesØ  Focus comprehensive emission reduction strategies through Clean Air Communities InitiativeØ  Seek to reduce impacts from land use, transportation decisionsØ  Promote infill, while protecting residents44
  45. 45. Priority Development Areas & Impacted Communities 45
  46. 46. Tools & ResourcesTools & Methodologyhttp://www.baaqmd.gov/Divisions/Planning-and-Research/CEQA-GUIDELINES/Tools-and-Methodology.aspxSmart Growth & Air Qualityhttp://www.baaqmd.gov/Divisions/Planning-and-Research/Smart-Growth.aspxBAAQMD CEQA Comment Lettershttp://www.baaqmd.gov/Divisions/Planning-and-Research/CEQA-GUIDELINES/CEQA-Comment-Letters.aspx46
  47. 47. Project Example Diridon  StaDon   •  250  acres   •  Mixed  Use   •  4.9  million  sqc  development   •  424k  sqc    retail/dining   •  32k  seat  baseball  stadium   •  900  room  hotel   •  2,588  new  dwelling  units       *Infill  and  densiDes  works  best   when  combined  with  synergisDc   elements  such  as  locaNon,  transit   service,  connected  streets,  and   strong  diversity  of  land  uses.   47
  48. 48. Diridon Station Area Plan GREENBELTSpaces and Places ALLIANCE N source: DRAFT Diridon Station Area Plan
  49. 49. Diridon Station Area Plan GREENBELTBicycle and Trail Facilities ALLIANCE N
  50. 50. Diridon Station Area Plan GREENBELTExisting and Future Transit ALLIANCE N source: DRAFT Diridon Station Area Plan
  51. 51. Diridon Station Area Plan GREENBELTBicycle Parking ALLIANCE N source: DRAFT Diridon Station Area Plan
  52. 52. Diridon Station Area Plan GREENBELT ALLIANCEAir Qualitysource: San José Redevelopment Agency
  53. 53. Demonstrations Google Earth Application Highway Modelling h[p://www.baaqmd.gov/~/media/Files/Planning%20and %20Research/CEQA/SantaClara-­‐6c.ashx?la=en   Stationary Source Screening Data h[p://www.baaqmd.gov/~/media/Files/Planning%20and %20Research/CEQA/Google%20Earth%20Layers%20May %2025%202012/Santa_Clara_2012.ashx?la=en   Refinement Tools53
  54. 54. Thank YouIan  Peterson  –  Environmental  Planner  II     Planning,  Rules,  &  Research  Division,  BAAQMD     ipeterson@baaqmd.gov     (415)  749-­‐4783     Adam  Garcia  –  Policy  Researcher     Greenbelt  Alliance     agarcia@greenbelt.org   (415)  543-­‐6771     54