Social issue - Sexual abuse


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Social issue - Sexual abuse

  2. 2. What is Sexual Abuse??? The forcing of undesired sexual behaviour by one person upon another. When that force is immediate, of short duration, or infrequent, it is called sexual assault.
  3. 3. Sexual Violence is primarily a crime of power and control. It can impact all people, regardless of age, ethnicity, race or economic status. Although younger women represent the majority of victims, not all young women are at equal risk for sexual violence.
  4. 4. • Child sexual abuse is a form of child abuse in which an adult or older adolescent uses a child for sexual stimulation. • The effects of child sexual abuse can include depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, anxiety, propensity to further victimization in adulthood, and physical injury to the child, among other problems. Sexual abuse by a family member is a form of incest, and can result in more serious and longterm psychological trauma, especially in the case of parental incest.
  5. 5. • 77% of completed rapes are committed by someone who is known to the victim. • One in 4 girls and 1 in 6 boys will be sexually assaulted by the age of 18. National Sexual Violence Resource Center
  6. 6. Sexual assault is currently understood as an act of violence which reflects the unequal power between men and women, many theorists also emphasize cultural and social factors that contribute to a society that condones sexual assault and violence against women
  7. 7. • In 2006, a website entitled Take Back the News was launched to work to raise public awareness about sexual assault, in order to foster greater public dialogue and greater public responsibility. The website includes the formation of a Media Response Project, a streamlined system to track and archive media articles regarding rape and to contact editors and reporters regarding concerns on how rape is misrepresented or underrepresented in the media.
  8. 8. . Images of masculinity and femininity in the media also encourage the association of masculinity with violence, dominanc e and power
  9. 9. • Nineteen percent of the world's children live in India, which constitutes 42 percent of India’s total population. • In 2007 the Ministry of Women and Child Development published the "Study on Child Abuse: India 2007.“ It sampled 12447 children, 2324 young adults and 2449 stakeholders across 13 states. It looked at different forms of child abuse: physical abuse, sexual abuse and emotional abuse and girl child neglect in five evidence groups, namely, children in a family environment, children in school, children at work, children on the street and children in institutions
  10. 10. • The study's main findings included: 53.22% of children reported having faced sexual abuse. Among them 52.94% were boys and 47.06% girls. • Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar and Delhi reported the highest percentage of sexual abuse among both boys and girls, as well as the highest incidence of sexual assaults. 21.90% of child respondents faced severe forms of sexual abuse, 5.69% had been sexually assaulted and 50.76% reported other forms of sexual abuse.
  11. 11. • The Journal of Sexual Aggression is a peer-reviewed academic journal that publishes articles about research findings and the development of theory, policy, and practice regarding sexual aggression in all its forms. It is the official journal of the National Organisation for the Treatment of Abusers (NOTA).
  12. 12. In case of sexual offense, the 'Protection of Children Against Sexual Offences Bill, 2011' was passed the Indian parliament on May 22, 2012
  13. 13. •The language used to describe the abuse was often vague and inconsistent. Many articles contained ambig • The language used to describe the abuse was often vague and inconsistent. Many articles contained ambiguous phrases, such as “sexual acts,” “inappropriate sexual behavior,” and “lewd and lascivious acts with a child.” Such imprecise language limits the public’s understanding of the issue and disguises its severity.
  14. 14. • Nearly three quarters (73 percent) of stories were tied to a criminal justice news hook such as an arrest or trial that related to the aftermath of the abuse. Such coverage also portrays child sexual abuse as an isolated event, ignoring its larger social context.
  15. 15. • A 12-year-old rape victim impregnated by her stepfather is under the Sandinista government’s protection at Bertha Calderón Hospital in Managua, where state medics are determined to deliver the baby and prevent her from having an abortion, according to Health Minister Sonia Castro.
  16. 16. • Prevention was rarely mentioned. Less than one-third (30 percent) of stories discussed solutions. Of those, the overwhelming majority focused on interventions to address abuse after the fact, while only a handful looked at preventing future abuse.
  17. 17. • The media play a significant role in forming and influencing people's attitudes and behaviour of particular note Such media attention to child abuse has, at times, positively influenced public, professional and political responses to the circumstances in which children and young people find themselves.
  18. 18. Understanding media influences, and how to use the media constructively, m ay thus be an essential tool for those who advocate for children, young people, and their families