Capital letters Capital letters are used at the beginning of a sentence and for proper nouns.ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUV WXYZ The dog ate a bone. Perth, Tim, Monday
Full stops Full stops are used at the end of a sentence.
Sentence Rules:Sentences must:1. have a capital letter2. have spaces between words3. end with a full stop4. make sense5. be written neatly
Proper nouns A proper noun is the name of a person, place, building or date and always starts with a capital letter.• Mr John Smith• Australia• Kalamunda Christian School• Monday
Common nouns Common nouns are naming words of things we can usually see.• desk• cloud _________• paper• kitten _________
Alphabetical order Alphabetical order is when words are sorted according to the alphabet. abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz1______ 2______ 3_____
Articles Articles are the “a” , “an” and “the” words used before a noun.• ”a” is used before nouns that start with a consonant.• “an” is used before nouns that start with a vowel.
Articles “a” = before a consonant “an” = before a vowela ______ a ________an ______ an _______
Singular Singular means only one.• cup• a dog• an apple• the rabbit
plural Plural means more than one.• cows• boxes• cherries• children
Pronouns Pronouns are the little words that take the place of nouns.• I• you (singular and plural)• he• she• it• they
Verbs Verbs are doing words that describe an action.• to kick• to jump• to listen• to walk
Conjugating Verbs Conjugating verbs is when we put a pronoun in front of a verb. I kick you kick he kicks she kicks it kicks they kick
1st, 2nd and 3rd person 1st person singular = I 1st person plural = we 2nd person singular = you 2nd person plural = you 3rd person singular = he, she, it 3rd person plural = they
IThe pronoun “I” is always acapital letter, no matter where it is in a sentence.
Past tense of verbs When we want to show the past tense of a verb we can add /ed/. talk + ed = talked jump + ed = jumped Sometimes, verbs will already have an /e/ on the end, so we need to take off the /e/ before we add /ed/. smile + ed = smiled wave + ed = waved
The Doubling RuleWhen you add the suffix /ed/ to the end of a shortword with a short vowel, you have to make a wallby doubling the final consonant so the bossy /e/doesn’t make the short vowel go long.hop + ed = hopedhop + p + ed = hopped
Nouns Nouns are naming words. There are 3 types of nouns:• common nouns• proper nouns• pronouns
Adjectives Adjectives describe nouns and pronouns.sad The man was sad.carefully She put the glass down carefully.nicely He spoke nicely to the teacher.long I have long hair.quickly They worked quickly.pink The pink pig gobbled her food.