The teaching of reading, writing, communicationsand maths is highly effective and well planned.
Connectives: why are they so important?Connectives are words or phrases that tie one thought to another. Using them effectively shows a clear understanding of what isbeing said and how ideas develop.
To use and to connect parts of sentences.To use connectives like but, so and or to connect ideas.To use more complex connectives like because or when to show therelationship between ideas.To use a wider range of connectives like on the other hand to make therelationship between ideas clear.To confidently use a wide range of connectives to clarify the relationshipbetween ideas.To purposefully use a wide range of connectives to link ideas and help guidethe reader.
Joining parts of a sentenceConnectives of reason:He was hungry because he had not eaten lunch.Richard left late so he missed the bus.Connectives of time:Craig watched Eastenders before doing his work.Until it was time for bed, Kerry did the ironing.Connectives of place:Wherever he goes, Dave watches out for traffic.The dog could be found hiding under the table.
Joining parts of a paragraphDavid knew he had lots of houseworkto do. On the other hand, he wantedto go to the pub to watch the cupfinal. Surely he could just do a bit ofdusting and that would be enough?
Joining paragraphsDavid knew he had lots of housework to do. Onthe other hand, he wanted to go to the pub towatch the cup final. Surely he could just do a bitof dusting and that would be enough?Suddenly, he realised that his mum was coming tovisit tomorrow and would hate the mess. However,she was so much better at cleaning than him.Therefore he would leave the housework and lethis mum do it.
•Next •Meanwhile•Then •After•First/second •To begin with•Finally •Initially
•For example•Such as•For instance•As revealed by•Namely•In the case of…
•Because•So•Therefore•Thus•Consequently•As a result
•Similarly•Also•Likewise•Too•In like manner•Equally•As with
•However•On the other hand•Conversely•On the contrary•In contrast to this•Otherwise•Alternatively
•In addition•Likewise•Furthermore•As well as this•Also•Moreover•Too
On Inside Within OutsideThroughout Near Beyond Among Below Beneath To Towards From Into Out of Off
Before During Earlier Later Since MeanwhileIn + _ hours At + o’clockWhenever Already Till Until Now By + the time..
• However• Although• Unless• Except• If• Yet• As long as• Apart from• Despite
Key messages1. Connectives are really important in showing extended knowledge and can be utilised in all subjects.2. We must be constantly encouraging students to use connectives in both their written and oral communication.3. Students are given targets that are relevant in helping to develop their skills. We all have a responsibility to help the students meet these targets.