Hydrogen And Fuel Cell Technology For A Sustainable Future


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Presentation given at ISCID about fuel cell technology and the hydrogen economy.

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Hydrogen And Fuel Cell Technology For A Sustainable Future

  1. 1. Presentation at: Institut Supérieur de Commerce International Dunkerque, France March 2009
  2. 2. What do we use energy for? Where do we get our energy from today? What is ‘renewable’ energy and how is it different from ‘non-renewable’ energy?
  3. 3. Hydrogen & Fuel Cells : Brief Introduction First demonstrated by Welsh scientist Sir William Robert Grove in February 1839.
  4. 4. Image Take From New Scientist Magazine
  5. 5. PURE Energy Centre, Baltasound, Unst •The PURE Energy Centre is a venture on the northernost Shetland Island of Unst. Established originally as a community venture, the project has since grown into a world-leading consultancy on clean hydrogen. •Island community •Highest Oil Prices in UK •„Energy Isolation‟ – North Sea Oil currently generates revenue. •Lack of “highly skilled” jobs •Problems retaining young people on the island •Low wages, hard to generate wealth, limited opportunities Two Proven Wind Turbines Produce Renewable Power This feeds an electrolyser which produces hydrogen. This hydrogen can be stored, for later use. An onsite hydrogen fuel cell provides heat and power. A small fuel cell vehicle can be refuelled using H2
  6. 6. Image Courtesy: PURE Energy Centre
  7. 7. Image Courtesy: PURE Energy Centre
  8. 8. Image Courtesy: PURE Energy Centre
  9. 9. Image Courtesy: PURE Energy Centre
  10. 10. Shetland, Unst: The Energy Island Image Courtesy: PURE Energy Centre
  11. 11. Shetland, Unst: The Energy Island •Grid Independent Houses •Hydrogen from Renewables •Fuel Cell provides Combined Heat and Power Image Courtesy: PURE Energy Centre
  12. 12. Hydrogen Office, Methil Energy efficiency •Increased insulation •Increased efficient glazing to minimise heat loss and unwanted heat gain •Natural ventilation to remove the need for air conditioning •A layout that maximises natural daylight to minimise the need for artificial lighting •Efficient lighting and control systems •A ground source heat pump, also recovering waste heat from a fuel cell and electrolysis unit, to provide most of the heating and hot water for the building
  13. 13. Environmental Energy Technology Centre The main criteria for the development of EETC are: •Iconic building •Use of innovative technology •„Zero carbon building‟ •Iconic Renewable Hydrogen System •Support enterprising and innovation of products •Exploit opportunities arising from low carbon economy
  14. 14. Environmental Energy Technology Centre Storage Electrolyser Fuel Cell Compressor EETC National Grid
  15. 15. Environmental Energy Technology Centre Hydrogen Mini Grid can supply: 3 Phase Mains @ 415v Electrical power -From the On-Site Wind Turbine -From the National Grid -From the grid-synchronised fuel cell. Hydrogen Gas @ up to 350bar -For refuelling hydrogen vehicles -For refilling hydrogen bottles
  16. 16. Hydrogen & Renewables Integration Project Gammon, R., (2006) IEA HIA Task 18 Report
  17. 17. Hydrogen & Renewables Integration Project H.A.R.I. Home of Prof. Tony Marmont Autonomous Hydrogen Home Images Courtesy: Rupert Gammon / Tony Marmont
  18. 18. Island Woking – Allan Jones Image Taken From Presentation By Allan Jones MBE @ Schumacher College
  19. 19. Woking Park CHP Woking Park Leisure Centre Uses a Fuel Cell To Provide Heat & Power In ‘traditional’ CCGT Gas Plant, the heat produced as a by-product of electricity production would be wasted!
  20. 20. Woking Park CHP Fuel Cell CHP ‘Bolted on to existing multi-storey car-park’ Supplies heat and power to neighbouring hotel. Savings in ‘plant room’ allowed them to add a number of additional rooms.
  21. 21. Fuel Cell Combined Heat & Power
  22. 22. Fuel Cell Combined Heat & Power Image © Allan Jones
  23. 23. Tri-Generation
  24. 24. Conclusions
  25. 25. •Paperback: 196 pages •Publisher: McGraw-Hill/TAB Electronics •Language: English •ISBN-10: 0071496599 •ISBN-13: 978-0071496599 You can find more experiments with Fuel Cells, information about clean energy and information about how to take the learning in today’s masterclass forward in ‘Fuel Cells Projects for the Evil Genius’.