USDAgov, President Abraham Lincoln, 2-27-12 via Flickr.com, Attribution LicenseRyan Gavin
Political Background State Legislature four terms, 1834- 1841 1836- Lincoln obtained attorney License Early on was part of the Whig party Transformed Whig party into Republicans Republicans were pro-business, anti-slavery
Political Leadership FilledCabinet with major rivals By inauguration, seven states seceded Main goal was to preserve the Union Passed key pieces of Legislation and speeches
Early Military Leadership Not respected as a Military leader, early on. Only war can save the Union Lacked Military knowledge, no real background “The main thing is the main thing”
Military Leadership inaction Ordered provisioning to Fort Sumter Summoned state militia to Federal Service Blockade issued of Confederate ports Ulysses S. Grant General-in-Chief Emancipation Proclamation
Emancipation Proclamation Issued January 1st, 1863 Issued in two separate parts “A necessary war measure” Only applied to states that were rebelling SFGiants, Emancipation Proclamation, 2-27-12 via Wikipedia.org, Attribution License
What it did Freed slaves under control of Confederates. Did not free “Boarder States” slaves Disrupted Confederate farming economy Foreign demand for exports fell.
Why? Enabled freed slaves to fight for Union Stopped France and England from joining Confederates Enabled more soldiers for the Union Lincoln couldn’t just free all slaves
TranscontinentalRailroad Cave cattum, Transcontinental railroad route, 2-27-12 via wikimedia.org, Attribution share-alike license Officially completed May 10, 1869 Connected East and West coast Easier and Safer Put many immigrants to work
Homestead Act Started to use unclaimed land Claim up to 160 acres Must “improve” the land Helped expand U.S. with Transcontinental Railroad
13 th Amendment Passed only two votes above 2/3 majority Not required, Lincoln signed anyway Abolished slavery Gave Congress power to enforce article
Gettysburg Address Speech by Lincoln on November 19, 1863 At Gettysburg National Cemetery Related to the Declaration of Independence Still commonly used and quoted today.
Relation to Declaration ofIndependence “…Proposition that all men are created equal” What happened here
Why the beard? Grace Bedell’s letter to Lincoln Lincoln’s letter to Grace Shows inequality in women
Works Cited ContinuedTranscontinental Railroad. (2012). Retrieved from A&E Television Networks, LLC website: http://www.history.com/topics/transcontinental-railroadTeaching with documents: The Homestead Act of 1862. (n.d.). Retrieved from The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration website: http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/ homestead-act/Passage by the House. (2008). Retrieved from HarpWeek website: http://13thamendment.harpweek.com/ hubpages/CommentaryPage.asp?Commentary=05HousePassageGettysburg Address: Abraham Lincolns famous thoughts on the Civil War. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h838.html