Abe lincoln and the civil war


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Abe lincoln and the civil war

  1. 1. USDAgov, President Abraham Lincoln, 2-27-12 via Flickr.com, Attribution LicenseRyan Gavin
  2. 2. Political Background State Legislature four terms, 1834- 1841 1836- Lincoln obtained attorney License Early on was part of the Whig party Transformed Whig party into Republicans Republicans were pro-business, anti-slavery
  3. 3. Political Leadership FilledCabinet with major rivals By inauguration, seven states seceded Main goal was to preserve the Union Passed key pieces of Legislation and speeches
  4. 4. Early Military Leadership Not respected as a Military leader, early on. Only war can save the Union Lacked Military knowledge, no real background “The main thing is the main thing”
  5. 5. Military Leadership inaction Ordered provisioning to Fort Sumter Summoned state militia to Federal Service Blockade issued of Confederate ports Ulysses S. Grant General-in-Chief Emancipation Proclamation
  6. 6. Emancipation Proclamation Issued January 1st, 1863 Issued in two separate parts “A necessary war measure” Only applied to states that were rebelling SFGiants, Emancipation Proclamation, 2-27-12 via Wikipedia.org, Attribution License
  7. 7. What it did Freed slaves under control of Confederates. Did not free “Boarder States” slaves Disrupted Confederate farming economy Foreign demand for exports fell.
  8. 8. Why? Enabled freed slaves to fight for Union Stopped France and England from joining Confederates Enabled more soldiers for the Union Lincoln couldn’t just free all slaves
  9. 9. SignificantAccomplishments Transcontinental Railroad System Homestead Act Thirteenth Amendment Gettysburg Address
  10. 10. TranscontinentalRailroad Cave cattum, Transcontinental railroad route, 2-27-12 via wikimedia.org, Attribution share-alike license Officially completed May 10, 1869 Connected East and West coast Easier and Safer Put many immigrants to work
  11. 11. Homestead Act Started to use unclaimed land Claim up to 160 acres Must “improve” the land Helped expand U.S. with Transcontinental Railroad
  12. 12. 13 th Amendment Passed only two votes above 2/3 majority Not required, Lincoln signed anyway Abolished slavery Gave Congress power to enforce article
  13. 13. Gettysburg Address Speech by Lincoln on November 19, 1863 At Gettysburg National Cemetery Related to the Declaration of Independence Still commonly used and quoted today.
  14. 14. Relation to Declaration ofIndependence “…Proposition that all men are created equal” What happened here
  15. 15. Why the beard? Grace Bedell’s letter to Lincoln Lincoln’s letter to Grace Shows inequality in women
  16. 16. Works Cited"Abraham Lincoln: Presidency." The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia.© 1994, 2000-2006, on Infoplease.© 2000–2007 Pearson Education, publishing as Infoplease.27 Feb. 2012 <http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/people/A0859298.html>.Abraham Lincoln - early political career. (n.d.). Retrieved February 27, 2012, from Advameg, Inc. website: http://www.presidentprofiles.com/Washington-Johnson/ Abraham-Lincoln-Early-political-career.htmlAbraham Lincoln. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://sc94.ameslab.gov/tour/alincoln.htmlAbraham Lincoln: first Republican President and Civil War leader. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h837.htmlAbraham Lincoln as Commander in Chief. (2012). Retrieved from The Lincoln Institute website: http://www.abrahamlincolnsclassroom.org/Library/newsletter.asp?ID=146&CRLI=203Lincolns Emancipation Proclamation. (2003). Retrieved from Anti-Slavery Society website: http://www.anti-slaverysociety.addr.com/hus-emancproc.htmBeaver, E., Reily, M., & Snyer, N. (n.d.). Blacks in the Civil War. Retrieved from http://www2.coloradocollege.edu/Dept/HY/Hy243Ruiz/Research/civilwar.html
  17. 17. Works Cited ContinuedTranscontinental Railroad. (2012). Retrieved from A&E Television Networks, LLC website: http://www.history.com/topics/transcontinental-railroadTeaching with documents: The Homestead Act of 1862. (n.d.). Retrieved from The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration website: http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/ homestead-act/Passage by the House. (2008). Retrieved from HarpWeek website: http://13thamendment.harpweek.com/ hubpages/CommentaryPage.asp?Commentary=05HousePassageGettysburg Address: Abraham Lincolns famous thoughts on the Civil War. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h838.html