Personal protective equipment what’s it all about


Published on

It defines personal protective equipment and its caveats.It also gives the various types of protection available with examples.

  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Personal protective equipment what’s it all about

  2. 2. PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT  Introduction  Eye & Face Protection  Head Protection  Hand Protection  Foot Protection  Body Protection
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION  Definition: Devices used to protect an employees from injury or illness resulting from contact with chemical , radiological, physical, electrical, mechanical, or other workplace hazards (OSHA)  The need for PPE and the type of PPE used is based on hazard present; each situation must be evaluated independently.  It will be provided by the employer
  4. 4. SOME CAVEATS  PPE is used as a last resort  Always use the right PPE for the right purpose  The use of PPE signifies that the hazard could not be controlled by other methods, such as:  administrative controls (i.e., shift rotation)  engineering or industrial hygiene controls
  5. 5. SO, WHAT IS IT???
  6. 6. EYE AND FACE PROTECTION Types of eye/face hazards  Impact  Heat  Chemicals  Dust  Light and/or Radiation
  7. 7. EYE AND FACE PROTECTION Types of Eye and Face Personal Protective Equipment  Safety Glasses  much stronger and more resistant to impact and heat than regular glasses  equipped with side shields that give you protection from hazards that may not be directly in front of you  Should fit comfortable on face through all job tasks. Ensure that glasses are not too big or too tight
  8. 8. EYE AND FACE PROTECTION Regular glasses or sunglasses are not appropriate SAFETY GLASSES
  9. 9. EYE AND FACE PROTECTION Types of Eye and Face Personal Protective Equipment Goggles  surround the eye area, they give you more protection in situations where you might encounter splashing liquids, fumes, vapors, powders, dusts, and mists  must indicate that they are chemical splash goggles to be worn for that purpose  Limitation  Uncomfortable to wear with other head gear like helmet, ear muffs or respirator
  10. 10. EYE AND FACE PROTECTION Face Shields  full face protection  used around operations which expose you to molten metal, chemical splashes, or flying particles  Can be used simultaneously as a hard hat  Limitations  Are not considered eye protection, will need to wear goggles or glasses underneath  Can fog up if working in poorly ventilated area
  11. 11. EYE AND FACE PROTECTION Welding Helmets  provide both face and eye protection  use special absorptive lenses that filter the intense light and radiant energy that is produced during welding operations  Limitations  Heavy and hot, fog up  Must wear safety glasses or goggles underneath helmet
  12. 12. HEARING PROTECTION - TYPES  Ear Plugs - less expensive, disposable, good ones have fairly high NRRs - sometimes difficult to tell if employees are wearing them  Ear Muffs - more expensive, more durable, typically higher NRRs than plugs, more obvious  Can be used together in very high noise areas
  13. 13. RESPIRATORY PROTECTION  Protects users by removing harmful materials that may enter the body via the lungs  Inhalation is one of the quickest, most efficient ways to introduce lethal levels of hazardous materials into the body
  14. 14. RESPIRATORS - TYPES  Air Purifying Respirators (APR)  Half-face  Full Face  Powered Air Purifying Respirators (PAPR)  Self Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA)  N-95 respirators are a special class of respiratory protection primarily used in the health care field
  15. 15. HEAD PROTECTION Types of Head hazards Impact Electric shock Drips
  16. 16. HEAD PROTECTION Types of Head PPE  Hard hats  A rigid shell that resists and deflects blows to the head  A suspension system inside the hat that acts as a shock absorber  Some hats serve as an insulator against electrical shocks  Shields your scalp, face, neck, and shoulders against splashes, spills, and drips  Some hard hats can be modified so you can add face shields, goggles, hoods, or hearing protection to them
  17. 17. HEAD PROTECTION Types of Head PPE  Class A Hard Hats  Protect you from falling objects  Protect you from electrical shocks up to 2,200 volts  Class B Hard Hats  Protect you from falling objects  Protect you from electrical shocks up to 20,000 volts  Class C Hard Hats  Protect you from falling objects  Bump Caps  Bump caps are made from lightweight plastic and are designed to protect you from bumping your head on protruding objects
  18. 18. HAND PROTECTION Types of Hand Hazards  Traumatic Injuries  Contact Injuries  Repetitive Motion Injuries
  19. 19. HAND PROTECTION Types of Hand PPE Gloves  Metal mesh gloves  resist sharp edges and prevent cuts  Leather gloves  shield your hands from rough surfaces  Vinyl and neoprene gloves  protect your hands against toxic chemicals  Rubber gloves  protect you when working around electricity
  20. 20. HAND PROTECTION Types of Hand PPE Gloves  Padded cloth gloves  protect your hands from sharp edges, slivers, dirt, and vibration  Heat resistant gloves  protect your hands from heat and flames  Latex disposable gloves  used to protect your hands from germs and bacteria  Lead-lined gloves  used to protect your hands from radiation sources
  21. 21. FOOT PROTECTION Types of Foot Hazards  Impact Injuries  Injuries from Spills and Splashes  Compression Injuries  Electrical Shocks  Extremes in Cold, Heat, and Moisture  Slipping
  22. 22. FOOT PROTECTION Types of Foot PPE Safety Shoes and Boots  Steel toe footwear  protects your toes from falling objects and from being crushed  Metatarsal footwear  special guards that run from your ankle to your toes and protect your entire foot  Reinforced sole footwear  metal reinforcement that protects your foot from punctures  Latex/Rubber footwear  resists chemicals and provides extra traction on slippery surfaces
  23. 23. FOOT PROTECTION Type of Foot PPE Safety Shoes and Boots  PVC footwear  protects your feet against moisture and improves traction  Butyl footwear  protects against most ketones, aldehydes, alcohols, acids, salts, and alkalies  Vinyl footwear  resists solvents, acids, alkalies, salts, water, grease, and blood  Nitrile footwear  resists animal fats, oils, and chemicals
  24. 24. FOOT PROTECTION Types of Foot PPE Safety Shoes and Boots  Electrostatic dissipating footwear  conducts static electricity to floors that are grounded  Electrical hazard footwear  insulated with tough rubber to prevent shocks and burns from electricity  Disposable footwear  includes shower slippers, clear polyethylene and non-woven booties used in dust free work areas
  25. 25. BODY PROTECTION Types of Body Hazards Temperature stress Chemical Contact Radiation
  26. 26. BODY PROTECTION Types of Body PPE  Insulated Coats and Pants  Fire resistant  Heat resistant  Cold resistant  Sleeves and Aprons  Work well when pouring or manipulating chemical to reduce splash  Make sure the sleeves and aprons are appropriate for the chemical
  27. 27. BODY PROTECTION Types of Body Protection Coveralls  It use for particulate filtering such as asbestos  Chemical rated Full body suit  Hazardous materials handling  Carbon filtering for emergency response