The water-diviner is capable of finding water under stones.
Everybody looks at him in amazement, completely confused
And he, armed with a simple wooden mechanism, scours the
territory until he point out- with complete certainty - the place
to dig the well. The people around him look at each other in
disbelief, but after he has solved the task, everyone locks
at each other with admiring.
The water-diviner is not a magician, he doesn’t have
Supernatural talents. The water-diviner has a technique.
He respect certain strategies when he walks around a piece
of land. He follows clues and he isn’t the one who
digs the well, but the one who point out the place.....
Sege aa catchment area lies in the southwest of Sweden.
Sege aa catchment area covers a total of 333 km2.
Risabergabecken further west, cover about 30 km2.
Sege aa and its tributaries has over the past 150 years
been subjected to increased emission of nitrogen and
phosphorus from both communities and agriculture.
Meanwhile, a radical change of the landscape has led too
a lost of self-purifying capability. Much of the water has
been led trough water pipes and has been straightened,
and the wetlands has been covered up. The
consequences has been that natural conditions for the
digestion of nutrients has decreased. Since the early
1900s, the area of wetland in the catchments area has
decreased by about 90% and distance open water has
decreased by about 50%.
Nutrients causes problems not only in the rivers
and lakes, but also in the sea. The pollution of the sea,
results in a sharp growth of algae’s. Dead algae fall down
to the bottom and decomposition leads to oxygen deficiency.
As a result, it could lead to fish death in big scale.
Phosphorus transport to the Øresund is about 10 tons pr.
year (average for period 1990-2006).
Smaller streas in the area
The streams catchment area, and sub-catchment area
During the process of evaluating and searching for pound and wetland loca-
tions in Seges catchment area has the need for a detailed breakdown of sub-
catchment areas become
clear, this by a systematic review of maps.
The work is exemplified below with bigger and smaller catchment areas, di-
vided into smaller areas in the most detailed level.
With the protection zone means a zone between water and arable land with grass and herbs,
and preferably also shrubs and trees. The with of the zone should be at least 5 meter and no
fertilizer or pesticide may be used in this area. The with of the protection zone varies between 5
and 10 meters
(today usually 6 m, according to EU directive).
- The transportation of soil particles and nutrients ( mainly phosphorus) from arable land to
- Decreased erosion in the water-ditches.
- The potential for direct deposit of fertilizer and pesticides in water decreases.
- Trees and shrubs shade the stream, which prevents overgrowth and reduce the need for
cleaning, by lowering the water temperature.
- Important corridors for the animals in the agricultural landscape are being created.
- Availability for people will increase.
Examples of protections zones between the arable land and the stream/water.
Smaller streams in the area
Pounds and wetlands
Pounds and wetlands have an important function when it comes to natural purification processes.
The processes that make the water cleaner is sedimentation (nutrient-rich particles sink to the bottom),
denitrification (water soluble nitrogen is converted by bacteria into the air nitrogen, which is harmless to
the environment) and through absorption of nutrients (plants take up nutrients in the pond).
Ponds and wetlands are effective nutrient traps in the area. The degree of purification depends among
others on the ponds design and age, and water retention in the pond.
Concept of pond and wetland.
The term pond in this context is a permanent body of water that is created to purify incoming water,
and is beneficial to plants, animals and humans.
The typical pond is made of a flat slope and has often an irregular shape, which is shaped by
the landscape. The depth can vary between one (1,0) and three (3,0) meter. And the size is usually
from 0,3 ha. till 5 ha. In periods of little rain the water level may be just beneath ground level. Aqua
vegetation plays a prominent role in our wetlands. Wetlands is typical in the ponds edge zone, which
means that the pond and habitats in our wetlands often are connected to one another.
The environmental benefits on ponds and wetlands.
- The water is cleaned when it comes to soil particles, nutrients, metals, pesticides and
other harmful substances.
- Habitat for wetlands-related plants and animals increases.
- Recreation potential for people in the agricultural landscape increases.
- Flood variations in the water can be reduced locally.
- Environmental damage at the temporary discharges of oil, urine or other harmful
substances can be limited.
- Biotopes in the local area will increase.
Smaller streams in the area
Sub- catchment area
To determine the size and boundaries of a catchment area, a map with elevation where
the state of water is clear. in order to get better glance, you may want to first draw the
arrows perpendicular to the height of the curves from higher to lower levels. These arrows
indicate direction of movement of rainfall water.
Water components can then gradually link together into coherent strings. In this way, the
catchment areas approximate boundary and size are identified.
Catchment area size:
To get a high nutrient load in the ponds and wetlands, there should be large catchment
areas (at least 100 times larger than the pond/ wetland).
Catchment area of 100 hectares or more is often needed. If the ponds can adjusted
accordingly to the catchment area, of course, we can work with small catchment areas
and still get a good effect.
Ponds and wetlands can be build in most soils, although soils with high clay content are
best because they provide a completely sealed pond.
Sandy soil with permeability involves a risk of leaking that can cause dehydration during
dry periods. The major technical limitation for construction of ponds and wetlands is the
relationship between the soil surface level within the proposed pond area and the level of
the running water. This ratio determines the soil volume it is needed to be excavated out
and thereby how expensive the project becomes. The higher the water level is proportional
to the surface of the soil, the better the conditions for creating a cost-effective pond/wetland.
The streams different sub-catchment areas
The map showes that the topography
gives the smal stream and its catch-
ment areas the possibility to go into
the outer part of the city.
This gives the opportunity to create
ponds and wetlands in the urban
SEARCHING FOR WATER
Ponds in the city zone of Mamø, in the rural area between Oxie and the outer city zone of Malmø city.
Some of the ponds are now visible while others remain buried and must be restored.
Interesting for future development.
The agriculture land in the western Skåne, particularly near the
larger cities such as Malmo, is not seldom the subject of various
explorations plans. This may be the new road route. Wire rolls
and the development of new residential areas or industrial areas.
This has until now been a direct restriction in terms of the
development of ponds and wetlands in the area. But recent years
more people have become aware, and can see the quality of these
natural water areas/resources. As an important resource when it
comes to developing Malmö city in a sustainable ecological way.
To the best, for the people and the environment in Malmo.
to be continue
and after he found water - the diviner said:
The ponds and the wetland is a grid in which
movement is structurally absorbed by the system.
It is a combination of flexibility and motion.
The wet grid forms lines in less defined areas that
are surfaces. The line is taken up in a field of
potential which make it an intensive line.
A curve is a straight line with more openness to it.
The wet grid is always a network, topological and defined.
Lets go to the city - and find line structures.