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Bone Fractures


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Bone Fractures

  1. 1. BONE FRACTURES<br />Chapter 4 Presentation<br />Gernell Austin<br />
  2. 2. The system that comprises all of the bones in the human body is the skeletal system.<br />It provides the following:<br />Support <br />Protection<br />Produces blood cells<br />Stores minerals<br />OUR BONES<br />
  3. 3. Depending upon the type of accident and its impact; bones can be fractured in many different ways.<br />Sometimes we can have accidents, like falling, which causes our bones to break.<br />
  4. 4. There are several types of bone fractures.<br />SIMPLE<br />COMPOUND<br />SPIRAL<br />OBLIQUE<br />IMPACTED<br />TRANSVERSE<br />GREENSTICK<br />COMMINUTED<br />TYPES OF BONE FRACTURES<br />
  5. 5. Simple fractures have no open skin wound.<br />Many simple fractures can be stabilized and heal properly when splints or casts are applied.<br />SIMPLE FRACTURES<br />
  6. 6. Compound fractures have an open skin wound, as shown here.<br />They are more serious than simple fractures & take longer to heal. <br />Some compound fractures never completely heal.<br />COMPOUND FRACTURES<br />
  7. 7. To the right are multiple comminuted fractures.<br />These are fractures in which the bone is shattered, splintered, or crushed into small pieces or fragments.<br />Healing these kinds of fractures often require surgical insertion of metallic pins, nails, plates, wires, or screws to hold the fragments in place to heal with minimal deformity.<br />COMMINUTED FRACTURES<br />
  8. 8. Other kinds of fractures:<br />Compression<br />Pathologic<br />Stress<br />Colles (wrist fracture)<br />Fractures occur most often in children.<br />The average person sustains at least two fractures in their lifetime.<br />I have never fractured a bone. <br />CONCLUESION <br />