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Process and Project Systems
Coursework 1
Gaurav Jhunjhunwala
Maxwell Tamwaida Nuhu
Shawki Samawi
Trung Duong Le
World Icons
But, What is an Icon?
Computing
“A symbol or graphic representation on a screen of a program,
option, or window.”
Linguist...
An ICON for the Construction Industry
Source – www.wordle.net
Empire State Building
New York
Why Empire State Building?
• Worlds tallest building from 1931
to 1972
• Constructed in the great
depression; a symbol of ...
Design
• Concept – Shape of a pencil
• Height - 1250 ft tall and the pinnacle
is 203ft taking the total to 1453ft . It
has...
Construction
Main Objectives of the client
Estimated TIME – 18 months
Estimated COST – 50m $ including the cost of land
“S...
Innovative Techniques introduced to save TIME
• Use of Prefab Steel Structure
helped the architects to work on the
detaile...
Innovative Techniques introduced to save TIME
• Due to the lack of site space, there
was no provision to store materials
o...
Time Lapse of the Building during construction stage June 1930 – Nov1930
Success of the PROJECT
• The project was completed in less
than fourteen months which was
less than anticipated time.
• Th...
Tallest Building from 1931 – 1972
Source - R. Sacks and R. Partouche (2010)
Fast Construction @ Expense of
laborers
• Labourers worked really hard with
little safety precautions.
• There were five r...
Empire State in Today’s World
• It has taken several measures in reducing its carbon foot print.
• It has been able to red...
Source – L. Davis (2013)
Source – L. Davis (2013)
Empire State Building stood amongst the top 10 structures in the world till 2010
References
• L. Davis (2013) Ex Post Evaluation of the Empire State Building Retrofit
The Energy Collective, Sept 2013
• M...
Group8 empire state building
Group8 empire state building
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Group8 empire state building

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Process and Project Systems - University of Salford

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Group8 empire state building

  1. 1. Process and Project Systems Coursework 1 Gaurav Jhunjhunwala Maxwell Tamwaida Nuhu Shawki Samawi Trung Duong Le
  2. 2. World Icons
  3. 3. But, What is an Icon? Computing “A symbol or graphic representation on a screen of a program, option, or window.” Linguistics “A sign which has a characteristic in common with the thing it signifies”. CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY?? Source - Oxford English Dictionary
  4. 4. An ICON for the Construction Industry
  5. 5. Source – www.wordle.net
  6. 6. Empire State Building New York
  7. 7. Why Empire State Building? • Worlds tallest building from 1931 to 1972 • Constructed in the great depression; a symbol of hope and stability. • A sense of pride to America as it showed its superiority against other countries. • Unique design and aesthetics • Symbol of mans attempt to achieve the impossible in the 20th century
  8. 8. Design • Concept – Shape of a pencil • Height - 1250 ft tall and the pinnacle is 203ft taking the total to 1453ft . It has 103 floors. • Structure - Prefabricated steel members • Area - 2,248,355 sq ft (208,879 m2) • It has 2 observation decks one on the 86th and the 102nd floor of the building • Construction was part of a competition for the title of WORLD’S TALLEST BUILDING Source - http://www.bshs.org.uk/travel-guide/worlds-tallest-buildings
  9. 9. Construction Main Objectives of the client Estimated TIME – 18 months Estimated COST – 50m $ including the cost of land “Sooner the BUILD Faster they EARN“ Primary Objectives of the Client Source: Morledge et al., 2006
  10. 10. Innovative Techniques introduced to save TIME • Use of Prefab Steel Structure helped the architects to work on the detailed design when the ground works were carried out. • All parts were well marked and indicative of its placement to avoid confusion on site. • As the site was in the city center there was no place for storage of these large steel members as a result they were bought on site and placed directly where it belonged. • The building grew at an astonishing pace of four n half floors in a weeks time. 20 storey's by June ‘1930
  11. 11. Innovative Techniques introduced to save TIME • Due to the lack of site space, there was no provision to store materials on site therefore the basement was used to temporarily store bricks • A chute was used to deliver the bricks to the basement and with the help of a hopper, it was conveyed to the various floors. • In order to transport materials around the site tracks were made and fitted with carts which could carry eight times the quantity of a wheelbarrow; reducing time and human effort
  12. 12. Time Lapse of the Building during construction stage June 1930 – Nov1930
  13. 13. Success of the PROJECT • The project was completed in less than fourteen months which was less than anticipated time. • The building was constructed at the cost of $24 million which was under budget by $10 million. • The building stood the tallest in the world for four decades. • The building has been able to persevere through the years as it has been able to adapt to modern requirement and has withstood unprecedented hardships e.g.. Plane crash, fires, etc.
  14. 14. Tallest Building from 1931 – 1972
  15. 15. Source - R. Sacks and R. Partouche (2010)
  16. 16. Fast Construction @ Expense of laborers • Labourers worked really hard with little safety precautions. • There were five reported deaths as against its rival the Chrysler building which had one death. • No first aid services. • Canteens provided at strategic floors to reduce break time. • High wages with poor working conditions. • Many labourer available because of great depression.
  17. 17. Empire State in Today’s World • It has taken several measures in reducing its carbon foot print. • It has been able to reduce its energy consumption by changing all light bulbs to CFL which consume about 25% of the actual incandescent bulb • It changed all the 6514 windows to triple glazed which has a lot of affect on the cooling and heating of the entire building. • It has insulated its radiators to avoid loss of heat. • An investment of 13.4m $ helps the owners save 4.4m $ every year and now the company is already making profits our of the investment. • The Empire State Building continues to lead in the movement of change but this time towards energy efficient buildings
  18. 18. Source – L. Davis (2013)
  19. 19. Source – L. Davis (2013)
  20. 20. Empire State Building stood amongst the top 10 structures in the world till 2010
  21. 21. References • L. Davis (2013) Ex Post Evaluation of the Empire State Building Retrofit The Energy Collective, Sept 2013 • Morledge, R., Smith, A., Kashiwagi, D. (2006) Building Procurement Blackwell Scientific Publications Ltd., Oxford (UK) • R. Sacks and R. Partouche (2010) Empire State Building Project: Archetype of “Mass Construction” Journal of construction engineering and management, June 2010 (p.702 – p.710) • Oxford English Dictionary. 1989. 2nd ed. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Bibliography • http://www.esbtour.com/en-us/d/Default.aspx • http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Why_is_the_Empire_State_Building_famous?#slide=1 • www.wordle.net • http://natgeotv.com/uk/building-the-empire-state • http://history1900s.about.com/od/1930s/a/empirestatebldg.htm • http://www.bshs.org.uk/travel-guide/worlds-tallest-buildings • http://wirednewyork.com/forum/showthread.php?t=21249&page=5 • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k2-_07PJcYc

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