Motivation and its theories

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Motivation and its theories

  1. 1. MOTIVATION Powerpoint Templates Page 1
  2. 2. DefinitionThe processes that account foran individual’s intensity,direction, and persistence ofeffort toward attaining a goal –specifically, an organizationalgoal. Powerpoint Templates Page 2
  3. 3. Three key elements:– Intensity – how hard a person tries– Direction – effort that is channeled toward, and consistent with, organizational goals– Persistence – how long a person can maintain effort Powerpoint Templates Page 3
  4. 4. What Is Motivation?The individual internal processthat energizes, directs, andsustains behavior; the personal“force” that causes us tobehave in a particular way Powerpoint Templates Page 4
  5. 5. Morale An employee’s feelings about his or her job and superiors and about the firm itself High morale results from the satisfaction of needs or as a result of the job and leads to dedication and loyalty Low morale leads to shoddy work, absenteeism, and high turnover rates Powerpoint Templates Page 5
  6. 6. Early Theories of MotivationMaslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Theory Alderfer’s ERG (Existence, Relatedness, and Growth)McGregor’s Theory X and Theory YHerzberg’s Two-Factor TheoryMcClelland’s Theory of Needs Powerpoint Templates Page 6
  7. 7. Contemporary Theories of MotivationGoal-Setting TheorySelf-Efficacy Theory Also known as Social Cognitive Theory or Social Learning TheoryEquity TheoryExpectancy Theory Powerpoint Templates Page 7
  8. 8. Powerpoint Templates Page 8
  9. 9. Guidelines for SMART Goals • Specific • Measurable • Attainable • Results oriented • Time bound Powerpoint Templates Page 9
  10. 10. Powerpoint Templates Page 10

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