TRIBAL LIFE OF ORISSA Major population in Orissa is tribal. The number of tribes that reside inOrissa is the highest anywhere in India. All the districts of Orissa have a tribal population in it. While some regions have huge presence of tribals, some have only a handfulof tribals. Koraput, Rayagada, Kalahandi, Naurangpur and Malkangiri are few districts where more than half of the population is tribal. contd….
TRIBAL LIFE OF ORISSAIn Orissa, few tribes are in a better economic position and are well mixed up in the society, whereas there are many that lead a completely secluded life.They are also the most backward in the economic ladder of Orissa. Different tribes have different culture, traditions, language and rituals.
CLOTHES(MEN) DHOTI The dhoti or vaettior pancha is the traditional mens garment in the Asian subcontinent in India, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. It is a rectangular piece ofunstitched cloth, usually around 4.5 meters long, wrapped around the waist and the legs and knotted at the waist. contd…
CLOTHES(MEN) They were traditionally worn with loose-fitting paijama (kurta-paijama), loose-fitting salwars, semi-tight (tight around the calves, but loose from the waist to including the knees) churidars, or wrapped-around dhotis; but are now also worn with jeans. Kurtas are worn both as casual everyday wear and as formal dress.
CLOTHES(MEN) Gamucha is a short piece of cloth generally saffron in color. It is the local towel of the people of Orissa. They are also available indifferent colors and patterns. For its low price and easy availability it is widely acceptable among people of Orissa. A place called Khordha in Khordha district is famous for producing Gamuchas worldwide. Normal length of a Gamucha vary from 1.5 meters to 2.5 meters. Its price comes around a Dollar or Two.
CLOTHES(WOMEN) SAMBALPURI SAREE Sambalpuri Saree is a traditional handwoven Ikkat sari or saree (locally called shadhi) wherein the warp and the weft are tie-dyed before weaving. It is produced in theBargarh, Sonepur, Sambalpur and nearby districts of Orissa. These sarees first becamepopular outside the state when the late Prime Minister Indira Gandhi started wearing them.
CLOTHES(WOMEN) KATAKI SAREE Kataki sarees in handspun cotton and silk or tussar, have traditional Hindu andBuddhist designs on them. There is filigree work in silver that you will find in Kataka. You will also find fine tribal work in brass and other metal-wire. Pattachitra is traditional painting on palm-leaf or raw silk.
GENERAL TRIBAL CLOTHINGMen generally wear loin clothes whereas women wear a lengthy cloth that theywrap around themselves. Women of few tribes also wear a scarf on their head. Almost all women wear ornaments, bracelets, necklaces made of aluminum and brass. Girls above the age of 5 are seen with tattoos on their faces.
JUANG TRIBE Juang tribes of Orissa are divided into two totemic clans namely Bandhu clans and Kutumba.An alternative term, which their neighbors use to denote the Juang isPattua, meaning the wearer of leaf-dress though leaf-dress has longbeen abandoned since the time when captain J. Johnstone forced the Juang to wear clothes. Contd…
JUANG TRIBE Juang hatJuang still people still wear semilengthed clothes.
KOLHA TRIBEDressing & Jewellery: Men wear white Dhoti with a white Benta or turban on head while the women wear white cotton saree with red border and red blouse. Traditional jewellery like Andu (Anklet), Sakam (Bangles), Mudi (Ring), Murki (Earrings), Puli (Nose Ring), Hisir (Necklace) etc., made of metals like Gold, Silver, Brass and Copper are worn by the women. Other forms of jewellery made of animal bones, ivory, feathers, horns and semi- precious stones have a special significance in the Kolha culture. Contd…
BANJARA TRIBE A woman of Banjara tribes in Orissa is accustomed to wearing "ghaghra" and `choli` (a blouse). Ghagra is a whirling skirt made ofred, black and white cotton, with pieces of mirrored glass embroidered on it. The craze for Jewels is of the highest degree amongst thesecelebrated tribes of Orissa. Anklets, silver earrings, hair plaits and bone bangles add charm to the enriched culture of Banjaras.
BONDA TRIBEThese Bonda Poraja tribes have unique style of dressing which emphasized the rich heritage of their culture and ethnicity. The Bonda Poraja tribes are in general `semi-clothed`. Moreover, ornaments play a great role in the attire ifthe Bonda tribes. Bonda Poraja tribes wear broad silver necklace bands, which also embellish their beauty to a great extent.
GADABA TRIBEA Gadaba woman usually wears a two-piece dress which is very colourful, often striped in red, blue and white, which is woven by the women themselves. Thetextile is made from the bark of the kereng plant. The ornaments they wear are not very different from those of other tribals. They wear beads of various colours in the hair, silver necklaces and very big brass earrings. The kerengisare being slowly replaced by the sari. Men wear only a piece of cloth `Languti` with a flail which hangs in front.
PARAJA TRIBEThe cultural exuberance is rightly been depicted in the way these paraja tribes dress up. The attires of both male and female are colorful. Women folks ofthese paraja tribal communities wear beautiful ornaments thereby enhancing their beauty. Nose rings and hairs clips are used by paraja women. The male paraja tribes have the habit of wearing earrings.
INDUSTRY Textile heritage of Orissa reflects the true artistic capabilities and superiorcraftsmanship of Orissa. Drawing heavily from the motifs replete in tribal culture and its association with nature and Orissas famous temple architectural style, the textiles and handlooms of Orissa have entered the living rooms of people from as far as US and Poland.
Handlooms of Orissa are mainly available in cotton and silk though thecolors, patterns and methods of weaving differ for the two textured materials.The cotton fabrics with heavy drapes are woven of fine cotton threads tightly held together. The fabric is flannel like to touch for its soft wooly weaving, unlike the luster of precious stones and metals of the silk fabrics.
Orissas cotton handlooms and textiles come in earthy patterns of the famous Ikatstyle of weaving. The Ikat handloom and textiles origin can be traced back to Orissasrich maritime past when seafaring traders ventured forth on journeys to the islands of Indonesia primarily Bali.
ORISSA TRADITIONAL DANCE DRESS Danda Nata The dandua which interpretes this role is dressed with a red and black sari, wears female ornaments and has an arch-like structure of bamboo stripscovered with cloths tied at the back. The latter is the parva (radiance) and it is kept all through the year inside the kamana ghara together with kamana and the danda or handles for the fire.
ORISSA TRADITIONAL DANCE DRESS Dalkahi Dance The love story of Radha and Krishna, the episodes from Ramayana and Mahabaharata, the description of natural scenery are represented through thesongs. The young women dance and sing intermittently. The women generally dress themselves with the colorful Sambalpuri Sari and wear a scarf on theshoulders holding the ends below in both the hands. Bedecked with traditional jewelry their robust framers sustain the strains of the dance for long hours.
ORISSA TRADITIONAL DANCE DRESS Chaiti GhodaChaiti Ghoda is a traditional folk dance usually performed by the Kaivartas orthe fishermen community residing in the coastal districts of Orissa. The dance has three main participants – the Rauta, the Rautani and the Horse Rider. the Rauta and the Rautani enthrall the audience with their soulful songs and wittyexchanges, the horse rider entertains with his energetic dance with the dummy horse, performed to the musical accompaniment of the Dhola (drum) and Mahuri (trumpet).
ORISSA TRADITIONAL DANCE DRESS Koya Dance The members of the Koya tribe perform this dance during Chaitra Parva (March – April). The Koya girls wear elaborate jewellery made of beads andsport decorative caps. The Koya boys wear traditional costumes and jewellery. The head gear is fitted with a bison’s horn. Koya drums and the flute are the main accompanying musical instruments.