Herbal medicine

2,199 views

Published on

Find more related content at www.PharmInfopedia.com

Published in: Education
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,199
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
140
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
94
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Herbal medicine

  1. 1. HERBAL MEDICINES www.PharmInfopedia.com
  2. 2. WHAT IS HERBAL MEDICINE? • Use of whole plants in the promotion of health and the treatment of disease. • Primary medicine of over 80% of the world's population • Evidence of human use for more than 60 000 years e.g. pollens from yarrow, marshmallow and ephedra found at the burial site of a Neanderthal man in Iraq www.PharmInfopedia.com
  3. 3. HERBAL APPROACH • Broader view of disease looking at the underlying causes and individual expression of disease not just the presenting symptoms • Prescription to restore homeostasis • Promotion of optimal cellular nutrition and elimination www.PharmInfopedia.com
  4. 4. HERBAL MEDICINE IN THE UK • 1 in 5 regularly use CAM - Herb no 1 • European market 2001 3.2 billion Euros • Registered herbalists: ~ 650 Western, 550 Chinese, 150 Ayurvedic & 56 other • Unregistered ~ Approximately 1000 • 6 BSc NIMH accredited courses • EHPA - Statutory Self Regulation www.PharmInfopedia.com
  5. 5. IS HERBAL MEDICINE THE SAME AS HOMEOPATHY? • No! • Longer tradition - 60 000 years of use • Different philosophy & approach • Only plant based medicines • Medicinal plants used in material doses not in homeopathic potency • Potential for herb-drug interactions www.PharmInfopedia.com
  6. 6. THE HERBAL CONSULTATION • Client details including GP • Comprehensive medical history • Clinical examination & assessment • Diagnosis & prognosis • Discussion & advice • Individualised prescription & dispensing www.PharmInfopedia.com
  7. 7. WHY USE MEDICINAL PLANTS? • Whole plant medicines usually have a more gentle and balanced effect • Synergy within a plant & between plants • Low cost • Promote homeostatic mechanisms not suppress the body’s efforts heal • Safe and effective treatment option when pharmaceuticals inappropriate www.PharmInfopedia.com
  8. 8. SCOPE OF HERBAL MEDICINE • Nutrition: food & nutrients e.g. Coriander, Garlic, Nettle & Oats • Maintenance of Health: systems e.g.Dandelion, Garlic & Slippery Elm • Treatment of Disease: acute & chronic e.g. self-medication, over-the-counter-products, medical herbalist & other practitioners www.PharmInfopedia.com
  9. 9. HERBAL MEDICINES • Herbal medicines prescribed according to the needs of the individual patient • Traceable products from unpolluted and sustainable sources • Versatility of herbal preparations e.g. fresh, juice, tisane, tincture, syrup, aromatic water, powder, capsule, tablet, pessary, lotion, cream, ointment & oil www.PharmInfopedia.com
  10. 10. SOURCES OF HERBAL MEDICINES • Cultivated and wild plants where appropriate • A Medical Herbalist • Herbal shop or other retail outlet e.g. Napiers 0131 553 7999 www.napierstheherbalists.com • Avicenna 01570 471 000 avicenna@clara.co.uk • Herbal Apothecary 0116 2602690 www.herbalapothecary.net • The Organic Herb Trading Co. 01823 401205 www.organicherbtrading.com • Phyto Products 01623 644334 www.phyto.co.uk • Rutland Biodynamics Tel 01572 757440 www.rutlandbio.com www.PharmInfopedia.com
  11. 11. SAFETY • Few reports of adverse events following the use of medicinal plants • Plant misidentification, substitution, adulteration and herb-drug interactions • Improving quality control and labelling • NIMH suspected adverse event reporting scheme • Awareness of herb-drug interactions www.PharmInfopedia.com
  12. 12. RESEARCH • In vitro analysis with chromatography • RCT’s Serenoa repens, Carduus marianus, Echinacea spp., Ginkgo biloba, Cimicifuga racemosa, Hypericum perforatum &Valeriana officinalis • NIMH - herbal practice & clinical audit • Laminitis Trust - Vitex agnus castus www.PharmInfopedia.com
  13. 13. FURTHER READING • Bartram T Encyclopedia of Herbal Medicine Grace Publishers 1995 • Bone K Clinical Applications of Ayurvedic and Chinese Herbs Phytotherapy Press1996 • Bradley P R British Herbal Compendium Vol. 1 British Herbal Medicine Association 1992 • British Herbal Medicine Association British Herbal Pharmacopoeia 1983 BHMA 1983 • British Herbal Medicine Association British Herbal Pharmacopoeia 1990 Volume 1 BHMA 1990 • Chevalier A The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants Dorling Kindersley 1996 • Evans W Trease and Evans’s Pharmacognosy W.B.Saunders Ltd 1996 www.PharmInfopedia.com
  14. 14. FURTHER READING CONTINUED • Grieve M A Modern Herbal Jonathon Cape Ltd. 1931 • Griggs B Green Pharmacy Jill Norman and Hobhouse Ltd. 1981 • Hoffman D The New Holistic Herbal Element Books Ltd. 1990 • Mills S & Bone K Principles and Practice of Phytotherapy Churchill Livingstone 2000 • Newall CA, Anderson LA & Phillipson J D Herbal Medicines - A Guide for Healthcare Professionals The Pharmaceutical Press 1996 • Ody P The Herb Society’s Complete Medicinal Herbal Dorling Kindersley 1993 • Weiss R Herbal Medicine Beaconsfield Publishers Ltd 1988 www.PharmInfopedia.com
  15. 15. USEFUL WEBSITES • www.ejhm.co.uk European Journal of Herbal Medicine • www.euroherb.com European Herbal Practitioners Association • www.ex.ac.uk/phytonet/phytojournal European Scientific Co-operative on Phytotherapy - Clinical Trials in Phytotherapy: From Concept to Publication • www.nimh.org.uk National Institute of Medical Herbalists • www.trusthomeopathy.org Faculty of Homeopathy www.PharmInfopedia.com

×