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Zahid majeed presentation

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Zahid majeed presentation

  1. 1. Zahid Majeed Faculty of Education Allama Iqbal Open University Islamabad, Pakistan. [email_address]
  2. 2. ALLAMA IQBAL OPEN UNIVERSITY (AIOU) <ul><li>Allama Iqbal Open University (AIOU) is the first Open University in Asia. </li></ul><ul><li>AIOU is a unique institution in Pakistan because of its philosophy, system, approach, functions and overall structure. </li></ul><ul><li>The University with its main campus at Islamabad and huge network of regional centers spread all over the country is serving its clientele all over Pakistan and in the Middle East </li></ul><ul><li>AIOU is a Distance Education institution, which provides multi disciplinary education from basic to doctoral level programs. </li></ul>ALLAMA IQBAL OPEN UNIVERSITY, ISLAMABAD, PAKISTAN 24 th AAOU Conference 26-28 October 2010, Ha Noi
  3. 3. Brief History <ul><li>Established in May 1974 </li></ul><ul><li>On the name of national poet and philosopher, Allama Muhammad Iqbal </li></ul><ul><li>4th in Mega Universities list </li></ul><ul><li>Main objectives of providing educational opportunities to masses and to those who cannot leave their homes and jobs. </li></ul><ul><li>Educational opportunities for the working people </li></ul><ul><li>Access to the female at their door steps </li></ul><ul><li>Pioneering in the field of Mass Education </li></ul>ALLAMA IQBAL OPEN UNIVERSITY, ISLAMABAD, PAKISTAN 24 th AAOU Conference 26-28 October 2010, Ha Noi
  4. 4. <ul><li>Breaking new grounds in the fields of professional, scientific, and technical education </li></ul><ul><li>Attempting to reach out to the remotest areas of Pakistan. </li></ul><ul><li>Part-time educational facilities through: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Correspondence courses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tutorials, seminars </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Workshops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Laboratories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Television and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Radio broadcasts </li></ul></ul>ALLAMA IQBAL OPEN UNIVERSITY, ISLAMABAD, PAKISTAN 24 th AAOU Conference 26-28 October 2010, Ha Noi
  5. 5. Teaching Methodology <ul><li>Specialized books with reference to distance mode and students’ needs (self learning) </li></ul><ul><li>Tutorial Support (Face to Face, Email, Videoconferencing, Voice Chat, Telephone, Website) </li></ul><ul><li>Media Programs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TV Programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Radio Programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Videoconferencing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Online Teaching </li></ul><ul><li>Assignments </li></ul><ul><li>Workshop/Practical, Face to Face Teaching Internships </li></ul><ul><li>Final Examination </li></ul>ALLAMA IQBAL OPEN UNIVERSITY, ISLAMABAD, PAKISTAN 24 th AAOU Conference 26-28 October 2010, Ha Noi
  6. 6. AIOU in Figures (2009) <ul><li>Course Enrolment: 1.7 Million </li></ul><ul><li>Student Enrolment: 1.3 Million </li></ul><ul><li>Participation Rate: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>44% Male </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>56% Female </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regional Campuses: 36 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coordinating Offices: 102 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Part Time Tutor: 58,452 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Study Centers: 1274 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Examination Centers: 1135 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Books Printed: 42,04,784 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Radio Programs: 264 </li></ul><ul><li>TV Programs: 470 </li></ul><ul><li>Award Degrees: 1,68,871 </li></ul>ALLAMA IQBAL OPEN UNIVERSITY, ISLAMABAD, PAKISTAN 24 th AAOU Conference 26-28 October 2010, Ha Noi
  7. 7. <ul><li>Administrative Structure </li></ul>ALLAMA IQBAL OPEN UNIVERSITY, ISLAMABAD, PAKISTAN 24 th AAOU Conference 26-28 October 2010, Ha Noi
  8. 8. ALLAMA IQBAL OPEN UNIVERSITY, ISLAMABAD, PAKISTAN 24 th AAOU Conference 26-28 October 2010, Ha Noi
  9. 9. FACULTIES Faculty of Social Science and Humanities Faculty of Basic and Applied Science ALLAMA IQBAL OPEN UNIVERSITY, ISLAMABAD, PAKISTAN 24 th AAOU Conference 26-28 October 2010, Ha Noi Commerce Economic Management Sciences Population Study Iqbaliyat Islamic Studies Pakistan Studies Social Sciences Urdu English Mass Communication Library and Information Sciences Agricultural Sciences Basic Sciences Mathematics Statistics and Computer Sciences Technical and Vocational Education Women's Education Continuing and Remedial Education
  10. 10. <ul><li>Faculty of Education </li></ul><ul><li>Distance & Non Formal Education </li></ul><ul><li>Science Education </li></ul><ul><li>Elementary Teacher Education </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary Teacher Education </li></ul><ul><li>Institute of Literacy & Mass Education </li></ul><ul><li>Special Education </li></ul><ul><li>Educational Planning and Management </li></ul><ul><li>Faculty of Arabic and Islamic Studies </li></ul><ul><li>Quran & Tafseer </li></ul><ul><li>Islamic Law and Jurisprudence (Fiqh) </li></ul><ul><li>Arabic </li></ul><ul><li>Islamic Thought, History and Culture </li></ul><ul><li>Hadith and Seerah </li></ul>ALLAMA IQBAL OPEN UNIVERSITY, ISLAMABAD, PAKISTAN 24 th AAOU Conference 26-28 October 2010, Ha Noi
  11. 11. Teacher Education <ul><li>Faculty of Education was established in 1975 with as the Institute of Education. </li></ul><ul><li>Initial responsibility was the in-service training of 1,55,000 primary teachers with the new primary curriculum that was introduced in country. </li></ul><ul><li>With the up gradation of the Institute of Education to Faculty of Education, in 1985, consisting of six departments, making it the largest faculty catering for training of both in-service and pre-service teachers.   </li></ul>ALLAMA IQBAL OPEN UNIVERSITY, ISLAMABAD, PAKISTAN 24 th AAOU Conference 26-28 October 2010, Ha Noi
  12. 12. Teacher Education Programs <ul><li>PTC (for Primary School Teachers) </li></ul><ul><li>CT (for Elementary School Teachers) </li></ul><ul><li>B. Ed (for Secondary School Teachers) </li></ul><ul><li>M.Ed / MA Edu. (Specializations) </li></ul><ul><li>M. Phil and PhD (Specializations) </li></ul><ul><li>Diploma in Special Education </li></ul><ul><li>M.Ed / MA-Special Education </li></ul><ul><li>MA Inclusive Education </li></ul>ALLAMA IQBAL OPEN UNIVERSITY, ISLAMABAD, PAKISTAN 24 th AAOU Conference 26-28 October 2010, Ha Noi
  13. 13. Top Ten Mobile Users in Asia <ul><li>3.48 Billion People </li></ul><ul><li>1.68 Billion Mobile users. </li></ul><ul><li>4.15 Billion Mobile Phone Users in world </li></ul><ul><li>1.04 Billion (25%) mobile phone users are China and India </li></ul><ul><li>China: 644.8 million subscribers </li></ul><ul><li>India: 391.6 million </li></ul><ul><li>Indonesia: 144.6 Million </li></ul><ul><li>Japan: 135 Million </li></ul><ul><li>Pakistan: 98 Million (PTA, May 2010) </li></ul><ul><li>Vietnam: 73.2 Million </li></ul><ul><li>Philippines: 71.7 Million </li></ul><ul><li>Thailand: 62.7 Million </li></ul><ul><li>Bangladesh :46.3 million </li></ul><ul><li>South Korea: 46.2 Million </li></ul>ALLAMA IQBAL OPEN UNIVERSITY, ISLAMABAD, PAKISTAN 24 th AAOU Conference 26-28 October 2010, Ha Noi
  14. 14. Top Four SMS Users in Asia Pacific <ul><li>Total Asia Pacific sent 6.36 billion messages </li></ul><ul><li>MMS messages : 9.54 million </li></ul><ul><li>Philippines: 2.36 billion messages </li></ul><ul><li>Indonesia: 1.193 billion </li></ul><ul><li>Malaysia: 1.075 billion </li></ul><ul><li>Pakistan : 763 million </li></ul>ALLAMA IQBAL OPEN UNIVERSITY, ISLAMABAD, PAKISTAN 24 th AAOU Conference 26-28 October 2010, Ha Noi
  15. 15. Special Needs Students <ul><li>Total Special Needs People: 2.49% (1998 census) </li></ul><ul><li>WHO Reported 6% of total population </li></ul><ul><li>87% using mobile phone </li></ul><ul><ul><li>83% Visually Impaired </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>72% Hearing Impaired </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>78% Physically Handicapped </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>12% Intellectually Challenged </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>29% Learning Disabled </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Just 1% of 2.49% in Schools </li></ul><ul><li>Approx. 300-400/year in Higher Education </li></ul><ul><li>Special Needs Students </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hearing Impaired </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Visually Impaired </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Physically Handicapped </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning Disabilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dyslexic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication Disorders </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Highest numbers are visually impaired students </li></ul>
  16. 16. Study Aims/Objectives <ul><li>Acceptability online courses and Mobile Learning by disabled students of AIOU. </li></ul><ul><li>Technical and financial problems in Mobile Learning. </li></ul><ul><li>Tutors’ skills of guidance for Mobile Learning. </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendations for the AIOU for developing online courses and Mobile Learning for the disabled students. </li></ul>ALLAMA IQBAL OPEN UNIVERSITY, ISLAMABAD, PAKISTAN 24 th AAOU Conference 26-28 October 2010, Ha Noi
  17. 17. Motivation of Study <ul><li>M-Learning for Special Need Students (SNS) </li></ul><ul><li>Inclusive Education </li></ul><ul><li>Very Few Higher Education Institutions accommodating Special Needs Students </li></ul><ul><li>Limited Resources/Facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Technological Limitations </li></ul><ul><li>Trained Teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Universities and Colleges Negative Attitudes </li></ul><ul><li>Future after Higher Education </li></ul>ALLAMA IQBAL OPEN UNIVERSITY, ISLAMABAD, PAKISTAN 24 th AAOU Conference 26-28 October 2010, Ha Noi
  18. 18. Methodology <ul><li>Survey Research </li></ul><ul><li>Mixed Research Paradigm </li></ul><ul><li>Population: Special Needs Students in Higher Education </li></ul><ul><li>Islamabad and Rawalpindi based students </li></ul><ul><li>Convenient Sampling </li></ul><ul><li>Sample: 84 AIOU Graduates with 14 Current Students </li></ul><ul><li>Visually Impaired: 72 </li></ul><ul><li>Physically handicapped: 22 </li></ul><ul><li>Dyslexic : 01 </li></ul><ul><li>Hearing Impaired: 03 </li></ul><ul><li>Learning Difficulties: 02 </li></ul>ALLAMA IQBAL OPEN UNIVERSITY, ISLAMABAD, PAKISTAN 24 th AAOU Conference 26-28 October 2010, Ha Noi
  19. 19. Information Areas <ul><li>M-Learning Awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Special Needs Education at Higher Education </li></ul><ul><li>Cost Effectiveness </li></ul><ul><li>Socially Acceptable </li></ul><ul><li>Special Needs Compatible/Friendly Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Website Accessibility </li></ul><ul><li>E-Content </li></ul><ul><li>Trained Manpower (Teachers/Tutors) </li></ul>ALLAMA IQBAL OPEN UNIVERSITY, ISLAMABAD, PAKISTAN 24 th AAOU Conference 26-28 October 2010, Ha Noi
  20. 20. Data Collection <ul><li>17 items on five point Likert Scale </li></ul><ul><li>Acceptability </li></ul><ul><li>Problems in mobile and online learning </li></ul><ul><li>The numerical value: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strongly Agreed=5 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agreed=4 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Uncertain=3 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disagree=2 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strongly Disagree=1. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Semi-structured interviews from the twenty one disabled students (Qualitative Analysis) </li></ul></ul>ALLAMA IQBAL OPEN UNIVERSITY, ISLAMABAD, PAKISTAN 24 th AAOU Conference 26-28 October 2010, Ha Noi
  21. 21. Findings Statement N Min Max Mean Standard Deviation Variance 1 Mobile phone important to me for email, text, voice 100 3 5 4.60 .670 .499 2 and computer education/learning is costly 100 1 5 3.46 1.182 1.396 3 Mobile learning is socially acceptable 100 1 5 2.12 1.350 1.822 4 Mobile phone and computers are modified as per my disability 100 1 5 3.40 1.069 1.143 5 Computer applications are known to me 100 1 5 4.24 0.960 0.921 6 AIOU digital services are disabled friendly 100 2 5 3.32 1.019 1.038 7 Bandwidth Services at home are convenient 100 1 5 2.92 1.158 1.340 8 Computer Softwares are easily available 100 1 5 3.32 1.491 2.222 9 Computer Softwares appropriate to access AIOU’s digital material 100 2 5 4.04 .989 0.978 10 Skilled Tutors/Instructors are available 100 1 5 3.80 1.178 1.388 11 Digital library facility is available from AIOU 100 1 5 4.14 1.340 1.796 12 Delivery of digital material in alternative formats 100 1 5 2.58 1.311 1.718 13 General accessibility to AIOU Website (Webpage, Headings, Paragraphs, Tables, Forms, Links, Text, Alternative text, Graphs) 100 1 5 2.80 1.143 1.306 14 Department Special Education provided proper Feedback 100 1 5 3.30 1.374 1.888 15 Disabled students are ready for mobile and computer assisted learning 100 1 5 3.72 1.089 1.185 16 Self Study will be possible by the M-Learning 100 1 5 2.58 1.311 1.717 17 M-Learning opens avenues of higher education to disabled people 100 1 5 3.80 1.177 1.387
  22. 22. Qualitative Data <ul><li>Visually Impaired </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Handling hand held devices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reading Small text </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interpreting graphs and tabular information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compatible Software </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access Barriers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hearing Impaired </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teleconferencing and Videoconferencing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Learning Disabilities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Difficulties in Memorization and Learning New things </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Physically Handicapped </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Speech Input Devices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Problems in Hand Held Devices </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dyslexic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Functionality with various set of Multimedia Elements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Font type, size and colors </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fine Motor Coordinating </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Handling small devices and buttons </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Conclusions <ul><li>Tutors or faculty members need M-Learning training to teach SNS. </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile learning will be easy because of phone weight and easy to handle for the physically handicapped. </li></ul><ul><li>Use of mobiles with JAZZ soft ware (text to speech) for the learning and examination for the visually impaired. </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile as an advantage of the rich visual content such as photos, images and text for the hearing impaired/deaf </li></ul><ul><li>Navigating web resources and use of rich visual material for Dyslexic. </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>Students with disability agreed M-Learning will be a great educational opportunity to them in order to overcome the barriers encountered in a traditional learning or Open Distance Learning. </li></ul><ul><li>The survey recommended that the university may use the mobile as teaching and learning tool as equal education opportunities and full access to all the educational programs at AIOU. </li></ul>ALLAMA IQBAL OPEN UNIVERSITY, ISLAMABAD, PAKISTAN 24 th AAOU Conference 26-28 October 2010, Ha Noi
  25. 25. Thanks for Giving me Your Ears ALLAMA IQBAL OPEN UNIVERSITY, ISLAMABAD, PAKISTAN 24 th AAOU Conference 26-28 October 2010, Ha Noi

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