School peer mediation

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School peer mediation

  1. 1. A little piece of history: Negotiation, arbitration and mediation are as old as human being. Despite what the movies show us, many ancient cultures all over the world settled arguments by peaceful persuasion rather than by sword. Ancient villages had at least one leader who was skilled at helping people solve problems (wise men, elders, intercessors, conciliators …) It has been and it still is a traditional form of conflict resolution in some parts of Asia and Africa Mediation really came into play with the advent of international treaties. History of mediation was the history of diplomacy.
  2. 2.  First school mediation programmes were born in the USA in the 60’ linked to peace and justice education . (The Teaching Students to be Peacemakers initiative was the first Peer Mediation program. ) This conflict-solving philosophy moved to Canada, New Zealand and UK in the 70’ and 80’. The first school peer mediation programmes began to develop in the 90’ in Europe (1992 in UK, 1993 in Spain).
  3. 3.  In the Balearic Islands, the ICEE started to work on school mediation in 2007 based on Carmen Boqué programmes. Schools staff training programmes started in 2008:  2008-2009: 6 secondary schools  2009-2010: 9 secondary schools  2010-2011: 10 secondary schools + 1 primary school  2011-2012: 6 secondary schools + 3 primary schools Social Services have been using different informal mediation practices for a long time. They started using formal mediation in 2007 with family and community conflicts.
  4. 4. What is the difference between mediation and arbitration?• Arbitration involves decision  Mediation is a process ofmaking by a person who hears communication in whichboth sides and makes a decision persons with a dispute,about the disposition or assisted by a mediator, reachresolution of the dispute. an agreement, understanding, or reconciliation.  The mediator is a neutral•The arbitrator is a decision- facilitatormaker.  Disputants will make their•Disputants may or may not own decision so they feelagree/be bound by that decision. compelled to honour their commitments.
  5. 5. What do Mediation and Circles have in common? Identical aims:  Solve conflicts  Build community (dialogue culture) Allow participants to solve their conflicts by their own. Allow participants to express their thoughts, feelings and needs Invite parties to formulate their own solutions and take responsibilities for their actions
  6. 6.  Can prevent conflicts and misunderstandings from becoming protracted and destructive disputes. Improve basic competences such as:  communication skills  social and emotional learning  critical thinking  empathy But also:  self-esteem  self-responsibility  sense of belonging
  7. 7.  Encourage future co-operation  Voluntary, positive and fair process  Confidentiality Structured, goal directed process that follows clear steps Can be applied across school community
  8. 8.  Ideal process to integrate into whole school community policies and procedures Participants usually sit in circle There are facilitators (peer mediators) Facilitators and Mediators need a previous training
  9. 9. Differences: Persons in conflict are disputants:  no wrongdoers  no victims Only disputants and mediators participate in the process No shame, no guilt Win/win solutions. Mediation may not be useful for all conflicts-solving.
  10. 10.  Things that can be mediated at school:  Relationship difficulties, arguments, disputes,  Rumour and gossip,  Being left out,  Name calling,  Friends falling out,  Feeling something isn’t fair,  People feel others are picking or teasing on them.  Racial or cultural confrontation
  11. 11.  It is commonly accepted that school peer mediators should not deal with:  Family matters,  Breaking the law, school rules or property,  Violent actions,  Theft,  Drugs,  Abuse  Bullying  “anything to do with teeth, skin and hair”–Tyrell, 2002-
  12. 12. Take-home messagesThe goal is to have winners instead of losers. Remember, we’re not looking for who’s right or wrong... WE’RE LOOKING FOR AN AGREEMENT!

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