Universal precautions

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Universal precautions

  1. 1. UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS<br />Keeping germs away. Keeping you healthy<br />John Muchiri, RN<br />
  2. 2. UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS<br />Definition<br />Measures designed to prevent transmission of diseases (from blood and body fluids) (CDC)<br />Treat everyone's bodily fluids as if they have potential infections<br />Precautions<br />Contact<br />Droplet<br />Airborne<br />
  3. 3. UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS<br /><ul><li>Transmission of disease</li></ul>A germ<br />A source<br />An exit<br />Method of transmission<br />Portal of entry<br />A susceptible person<br />The goal is to stop germs from travelling from source to another person<br />
  4. 4. UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS<br />Considered highly infectious<br />Blood<br />Semen<br />Vaginal Secretions<br />CSF<br />Synovial Fluids<br />Amniotic fluid<br />All other body fluids<br />
  5. 5. UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS<br />Not infectious unless contaminated<br />Feces<br />Nasal secretions<br />Sputum<br />Sweat<br />Tears<br />Urine/Vomit<br />Saliva<br />
  6. 6. UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS<br />
  7. 7. UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS<br />When to wash hands<br />Before and After contact with client<br />Before and after gloving<br />Before taking care of immune suppressed or new born<br />After using restroom<br />Use non medicated soap and water <br />In demanding circumstances, use ethyl or isopropyl alcohol<br />
  8. 8. UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS<br />Use disposable plastic gloves<br />Do not reuse gloves<br />Change after contact with each client<br />Don’t touch other environmental surfaces except as necessary<br />Don’t touch your face with<br /> contaminated gloves<br />Discard appropriately<br />
  9. 9. UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS<br />Mask, Cap, eye wear<br />Mask if you have a condition transmissible by cough or if your client has one<br />Use cap to keep your hair from others<br />Use eye wear to shield against splashing bodily fluids<br />
  10. 10. UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS<br />Use protective shoes<br />No open toes<br />Use an apron or gown<br />Prevent exposure to harmful germs<br />Protects our clothes from contamination<br />
  11. 11. UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS<br />Removing personal protective equipment (PPE)<br />Gloves Face shield/goggles/cap Gown  Mask<br />Removing gloves<br />
  12. 12. UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS<br />Use of needles<br />Use properly and wear protective gloves<br />Dispose properly in thick puncture resistant container<br />Avoid recapping needles<br />Use disposable syringes and needles<br />
  13. 13. UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS<br />If stuck with a needle or a sharp:<br />Wash injured area with soap and water<br />Encourage bleeding if any<br />Wash with soap and water at least 5 min.<br />Report to your supervisor immediately<br />Prophylaxis to prevent HIV/HBV<br />
  14. 14. UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS<br />Spillage of body fluids/blood<br />Never wipe with working wet mop<br />Cover spill with paper and pour 1% hypochlorite or bleaching powder to decontaminate<br />=<br />=<br />
  15. 15. UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS<br />Infection control measures<br />Respiratory etiquette<br />Cover cough or sneeze <br /> with tissue, discard, wash hands<br />No tissue? Sneeze in upper arm<br />Limit hand contact with eyes, mouth and nose<br />Do not share personal items<br />Keep your immunizations current<br />Adults: Tdat, Hep A & B, Meningococcal, Pneumococcal, MMR, Zoster<br />
  16. 16. UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS<br />Resources<br />http://www.baltimorecountymd.gov<br />http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/bbp/universal.html<br />http://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document?p_table=standards&p_id=10051<br />
  17. 17. THE END<br />

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