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Additive Manufacturing in
Humanitarian Design
Gaspard Bos - New State of Matter
Lesvos, October 3, CORE RELIEF workshop
AM in humanitarian design
We went from Rapid Prototyping to Additive manufacturing (3d printing)
which is also Digital Man...
AM is a collection of machines/techniques
Image source: 3D Hubs
AM has certain key markets
- Automotive and Aerospace
- Medical
- Jewelry and Costumes
- Hobbyists, prototyping
Typically ...
Apps for shape optimization
Image: 3D systems
Apps for customization
Scanning
Image:
Bevel
AM’s main disadvantages
- Post processing
(surface finishing parts, removing supports, heat treatments)
- Process reliabil...
Fast, high quality printing
Strong, durable, end products
Strong, durable, end products
Hybrid Manufacturing
Hybrid Manufacturing
Hybrid Manufacturing
Printing embedded electronics
Flexible materials
Multi material printing
Large scale 3d printing (plastic)
Large scale 3d printing (metal)
Using locally available/renewable resources
Functional things I’ve printed before (FDM)
Surfboard fin
Functional things I’ve printed before (FDM)
Headphone headband
Functional things I’ve printed before
Baby Stroller
brake system
Things I found and brought
Things I found and brought
Things I found and brought
Things I found and brought
Watch out for OVERdesign!
The clamp and brace have a lot of unnecessary design details and those make the
printing process...
The (FDM) printers can play different roles on
Lesvos
- Product development; prototyping, model making.
- Frugal innovatio...
Items identified
by FieldReady
that are candidates
to be 3d printed.
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Additive Manufacturing in Humanitarian Design - Core Relief presentation Lesvos, Greece

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This was a presentation for the participants for the Core Relief workshop, October 3, on the island of Lesvos, Greece. It is intended as an introduction to the state of the art in 3d printing for a general public of professionals in the field of Humanitarian Aid. It contains tips, tricks and a lot of examples.

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Additive Manufacturing in Humanitarian Design - Core Relief presentation Lesvos, Greece

  1. 1. Additive Manufacturing in Humanitarian Design Gaspard Bos - New State of Matter Lesvos, October 3, CORE RELIEF workshop
  2. 2. AM in humanitarian design We went from Rapid Prototyping to Additive manufacturing (3d printing) which is also Digital Manufacturing and can be part of Hybrid Manufacturing. The point: the printer is part of a ‘set of tools’ empowered by computers. Context to take into account: Low-resource settings, subsistence marketplaces, marginalized societal groups, (post-)conflict areas, (post-)disaster areas What is humanitarian design?
  3. 3. AM is a collection of machines/techniques Image source: 3D Hubs
  4. 4. AM has certain key markets - Automotive and Aerospace - Medical - Jewelry and Costumes - Hobbyists, prototyping Typically low-volume, high value, application specific, and large form freedom.
  5. 5. Apps for shape optimization Image: 3D systems
  6. 6. Apps for customization
  7. 7. Scanning Image: Bevel
  8. 8. AM’s main disadvantages - Post processing (surface finishing parts, removing supports, heat treatments) - Process reliability and quality (how to guarantee that all machines produce the design the same each time) - No cost advantage scaling up (time per part stays the same) But there are developments!
  9. 9. Fast, high quality printing
  10. 10. Strong, durable, end products
  11. 11. Strong, durable, end products
  12. 12. Hybrid Manufacturing
  13. 13. Hybrid Manufacturing
  14. 14. Hybrid Manufacturing
  15. 15. Printing embedded electronics
  16. 16. Flexible materials
  17. 17. Multi material printing
  18. 18. Large scale 3d printing (plastic)
  19. 19. Large scale 3d printing (metal)
  20. 20. Using locally available/renewable resources
  21. 21. Functional things I’ve printed before (FDM) Surfboard fin
  22. 22. Functional things I’ve printed before (FDM) Headphone headband
  23. 23. Functional things I’ve printed before Baby Stroller brake system
  24. 24. Things I found and brought
  25. 25. Things I found and brought
  26. 26. Things I found and brought
  27. 27. Things I found and brought
  28. 28. Watch out for OVERdesign! The clamp and brace have a lot of unnecessary design details and those make the printing process more prone to failure. A better design actually made for 3d printing: https://www.waag.org/en/blog/parametric-3d-printed-finger-splint
  29. 29. The (FDM) printers can play different roles on Lesvos - Product development; prototyping, model making. - Frugal innovation: hacking/appropriating, spare parts, testing modifications. - Education. A tool for learning, creating teaching/presentation materials. - (Hyper)Local manufacturing. Logistical, cost, quality advantage? If basic items and large volumes, then mass production techniques.
  30. 30. Items identified by FieldReady that are candidates to be 3d printed.

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