siyentipikong pagtukalas rebolusyong siyentipiko18 siglo rasyonalismo
Some of the Enlightenment thinkersHobbes LockeMonstesquieu Rousseau
JEAN JACQUES ROUSSEAU(1772-1778)Ipinanganak sa Geneva, Switzerland noong taong June 28, 1712.Pangalawang anak nina Isaac Rousseau at Susanne Bernard (namatay ng ilang araw na maisilang siya)His family was a pious Calvinist and refugees from France.Lives of PlutarchLouise the Waren - isa sa mga naging nobya nya at naging kasangkapan sa pakikipag-ugnayan sa Catholicism.
1742- nagpunta siya sa Paris upang maging isang musikero.Therese Levasseur- ang naging pang habangbuhay na kabiyak niya.1750- published Discourse on the Arts and SciencesLe Devin du Village – ang kanyang opera1753 – Discourse on the Inequality Among Men
Mme d’ Epinay1756 – Montmorency1761 – Julie or The New Heloise1762 – The Social ContractJudge of Jean Jacques and The Reveries of the Solitary WalkerJuly 03, 1778 – nang siya ay namatayThe Confessions: Rousseau’s Autobiography
QUOTATIONS“Man is born free, but everywhere he is in chains”“Force not constitue rights… obedience is due only to legitimate powers”“Gratitude is a duty ought to be paid, but which none have the right to expect”“Free people, remember this maxim; we may acquire liberty, but it is never recovered if it is once lost”
“It is unnatural for a majority to rule, for a majority can seldom be organized and united for specific action, and minority can”
THE EMILE• Eile or On Education – Profession of the Faith of Savoyard Vicar• The Emile or On Education is essentially a work that details Rousseau’s philosophy of education. It was originally published just several months after the Social Contract.
Education ContibutionsEMILE. The greatest work produced by Rousseau isEmile. This work is more a tract upon educationunder the guise of a story than it is a novel in thetrue sense of the word novel. The book describes theideal education which prepares Emile and Sophie fortheir eventual marriage. The following represents anoutline of the vital educational principles found inEmile:1. BOOK ONE. This book deals with the infancy of the child.2. BOOK TWO. Rousseau describes the education of the child whenthe tutor has full responsibility.
3. BOOK THREE. This section describes theintellectual education of Emile.4. BOOK FOUR. This section describes the socialeducation and the religious education of Emile.
Other works Julie or the New Heloise – Julie or the New Heloise remains one of Rousseau’s popular works, though it is not a philosophical treatise, but rather a novel. Reveries of the Solitary Walker – like of his work, is apart of a story and part of philosophical treatise. Rousseau: Judge of Jean Jacques – The most distinctive feature of this late work, often referred to simply as the Dialogues, is that it is written in the form of three dialogues.
THE NEW HELOISE REVERIES OF THE SOLITARY WALKER