Motivation and sport

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Motivation and sport

  1. 1. Motivation <br />Psychology of sports performance. <br />
  2. 2. Aim & Objectives<br />Aim: By the end of this session students will:<br />Define motivation and the different types of motivation.<br />Objectives: By the end of this session student will:<br />Describe motivation and how it affect sport.<br />Identify the different types of motivation.<br />Explain how motivation can affect sports performance. <br />
  3. 3. Motivation<br />Why does someone prefer rock-climbing to hockey? <br />Are there different reasons for competing?<br />Why do marathon runners continue despite pain?<br />Why do people want to improve their skills?<br />In other words, what motivates people? <br />
  4. 4. Motivation <br />Most definitions of motivation refer to the drive to take part in some form of activity and persisting in that activity. <br />‘Motive – the desire to fulfil a need’ (Cox, 1988)<br />‘the internal mechanisms and external stimuli which arouse and direct behaviour’ (Sage, 1977)<br />
  5. 5. Task<br />What motivated you start playing sport?<br /> _____________________<br />Why do you still play your sport? <br />Is it because: -<br />You want to win medals?<br />You want to reach your full potential?<br />You want to play in a good team?<br />You like the feel of when you are winning. <br />
  6. 6. Motivation. <br />Motivation is an interesting factor in sports psychology because it is one of the most controllable aspects. <br /> Alex Ferguson and Rafa Benitez's are two managers who are good examples of motivators of people.<br />Liverpool were losing 3-0 at half-time. However, the team come out with significantly different performance that shown great deal of motivation. <br />
  7. 7. Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation<br />‘Those who are intrinsically motivated engage in an activity for the pleasure and satisfaction they experience while learning, exploring or trying to understand something new.’ Weinberg and Gould, 2003. <br />
  8. 8. Intrinsic motivation. <br />Initially, most people are motivated by intrinsic factors such as fun and enjoyment. <br />What motivated you to first play your sport?<br />What do think intrinsic motivation includes? <br />Intrinsic motivations includes: -<br />Fun<br />Pleasure,<br />Enjoyment,<br />Feelings of self-worth,<br />Excitement,<br />Self-mastery. <br />
  9. 9. Extrinsic motivation. <br />‘Those who are extrinsically motivated engage in the activity because of the valued outcome rather than the interest in the activity solely for itself.’<br />(Weinberg & Gould, 2003)<br />
  10. 10. Extrinsic motivation<br />External stimuli can be called extrinsic motivation.<br />They come from outside sources.<br />If you became a professional sports person, what would be the think that keeps you playing?<br />What are extrinsic factors?<br />This could be:<br /> Recognition<br />Praise from other people such as our coach, friends or family.<br />Crowd who supports us. <br />Trophies<br />Medals<br />Prizes<br />Records <br />Money. <br />
  11. 11. Task<br />Consider each of the following statements made by athletes as to why they are motivated, and decide whether it is intrinsic or extrinsic motivation factor .<br />I want to win medals,<br />I want to earn an England cap,<br />I want to reach my full potential,<br />I want to make money,<br />I want to play in a good team,<br />I want to play in front of large crowds,<br />I want to give the public enjoyment,<br />I want to feel good about my performance,<br />I want to be recognised by the public for my ability. <br />I want to feel mastery in my own ability. <br />
  12. 12. Motivation<br />Intrinsic motivation<br />I want to reach my full potential,<br />I want to play in a good team,<br />I want to give the public enjoyment,<br />I want to feel good about my performance,<br />I want to feel mastery in my own ability<br />Extrinsic motivation<br />I want to win medals,<br />I want to earn an England cap,<br />I want to make money,<br />I want to play in front of large crowds,<br />I want to be recognised by the public for my ability. <br />
  13. 13. Aim & Objectives<br />Aim: By the end of this session students will:<br />Define motivation and the different types of motivation.<br />Objectives: By the end of this session student will:<br />Describe motivation and how it affect sport.<br />Identify the different types of motivation.<br />Explain how motivation can affect sports performance. <br />

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