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Growing Up Right!Developmental Issues and Treatment   Recommendations for Children      Who Witness Violence              ...
One, two, buckle my shoe…The effects of witnessing domestic violence are  different depending upon age of the child…      ...
0 – 1 year oldWays of Being Drawn In                   Effects of Abuse   Seeing it                               Physic...
0 – 1 year oldWhat’s Going onDevelopmentally?            www.yoursocialworker.com
2 – 4 Year OldsWays of Being Drawn In                  Effects of Abuse Seeing it                                Acting ...
2 – 4 Year OldsWhat’s Going onDevelopmentally?             www.yoursocialworker.com
5 – 12 Year OldsWays of Being Drawn In                    Effects of Abuse Seeing & hearing it                        Fe...
5 – 12 Year OldsWhat’s Going onDevelopmentally?               www.yoursocialworker.com
Teen Boys and GirlsWays of Being Drawn In                       Effects of Abuse   Killing/trying to kill perpetrator    ...
Gender Specific EffectsEffects Specific to Boys                  Effects Specific to Girls Learning that males are violen...
Teen Boys and GirlsWhat’s Going onDevelopmentally?               www.yoursocialworker.com
When Intervening…Safety first.            www.yoursocialworker.com
Safety First The safety and security of the child is paramount. Do not assume the victim (parent) can provide for  the c...
When Intervening…Structure second.             www.yoursocialworker.com
Structure secondRoutine and Predictability Reduce Anxiety   Daycare   Women’s Shelter   School   Regular mealtimes / n...
When Intervening…Treatment third.            www.yoursocialworker.com
Treatment Third Consider “Safety” as “Treatment”        Ceases exposure and prevents re-exposure Consider “Structure” a...
More Structural Interventions STRUCTURAL INTERVENTIONS      is TREATMENT!!!   Family                          School      ...
When Intervening…and supportthroughout         www.yoursocialworker.com
Support Throughout Instrumental      Access to services (medical, social, educational)      Daycare or school placement...
Emotional Support Is this a resilient child? Are there indicators of disturbance? Does this child necessarily need coun...
Types of Counselling Individual      Talk      Art/Play/Music Family        Parent/child, sibling subgroup, entire fa...
Violence Crosses gender While violence against women by men is most  talked about, women also perpetrate violence  agains...
General Goals of Counselling     Breaking the Silence – demystification     Understanding Roles and Responsibilities   ...
Growing Up Right!Developmental Issues and Treatment   Recommendations for Children      Who Witness Violence              ...
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Developmental Issues and Treatment Recommendations for Children Who Witness Violence

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The effects of witnessing domestic violence are different depending upon age of the child. This presentation explains domestic violence as it relates to children from a developmental perspective.

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Developmental Issues and Treatment Recommendations for Children Who Witness Violence

  1. 1. Growing Up Right!Developmental Issues and Treatment Recommendations for Children Who Witness Violence Gary Direnfeld, MSW, RSW www.yoursocialworker.com www.yoursocialworker.com
  2. 2. One, two, buckle my shoe…The effects of witnessing domestic violence are different depending upon age of the child… www.yoursocialworker.com
  3. 3. 0 – 1 year oldWays of Being Drawn In Effects of Abuse Seeing it  Physical injury Hearing it  Death Being awakened by it  Fright Being injured by it  Being traumatized by it Being ripped from mothers arms  Sleep disturbances Having toys broken  Eating disturbances Being born prematurely  Being colicky or sick Being hit while in moms arms  Insecurity because of being Being thrown cared for by a traumatized mom  Not responsive or cuddly Source: http://www.familyrefugecenter.com/effecton.html www.yoursocialworker.com
  4. 4. 0 – 1 year oldWhat’s Going onDevelopmentally? www.yoursocialworker.com
  5. 5. 2 – 4 Year OldsWays of Being Drawn In Effects of Abuse Seeing it  Acting out violently Hearing it  Withdrawal Trying to stop altercation  Trouble with other kids Becoming abused themselves  Delayed toileting Being used as a physical  Eating problems weapon against the victim  Nervous, jumpy Being interrogated by perpetrator  Sleep problems about victims activities  Insecurity, fear and Depression Being held hostage by perpetrator Source: http://www.familyrefugecenter.com/effecton.html www.yoursocialworker.com
  6. 6. 2 – 4 Year OldsWhat’s Going onDevelopmentally? www.yoursocialworker.com
  7. 7. 5 – 12 Year OldsWays of Being Drawn In Effects of Abuse Seeing & hearing it  Fear & insecurity Picking 1 parent to defend  Low self esteem Physically intervening  Withdrawal/depression Calling the police  Running away Running to neighbors for help Being used as a spy against  Early drug/alcohol use Mom  School problems Forced to participate in attack on  Bedwetting Mom  Sexual activity Being physically or sexually  Becoming caretaker of adults abused to control Mom Being restricted from contact  Being embarrassed by ones with others family Source: http://www.familyrefugecenter.com/effecton.html www.yoursocialworker.com
  8. 8. 5 – 12 Year OldsWhat’s Going onDevelopmentally? www.yoursocialworker.com
  9. 9. Teen Boys and GirlsWays of Being Drawn In Effects of Abuse Killing/trying to kill perpetrator  School problems Trying to stop the abuse  Social problems Hitting parent or siblings  Sexual activity Becoming physically abused  Shamed & embarrassed  Truancy Being used as a spy  Super-achiever at school Being used as a confidante  Tendency to get serious Being coerced by perpetrator to relationships too early to escape be abusive to mom home  Depression  Suicide  Alcohol/drug use  Confusion about gender roles Source: http://www.familyrefugecenter.com/effecton.html www.yoursocialworker.com
  10. 10. Gender Specific EffectsEffects Specific to Boys Effects Specific to Girls Learning that males are violent  Learning that male violence is Learning to disrespect women normal Using violence in his own  Learning that women dont get relationships respect Confusion or insecurity about  Accepting violence in her own being a man relationships Attacking parents or siblings  Embarrassed about being female  Becoming pregnant Source: http://www.familyrefugecenter.com/effecton.html www.yoursocialworker.com
  11. 11. Teen Boys and GirlsWhat’s Going onDevelopmentally? www.yoursocialworker.com
  12. 12. When Intervening…Safety first. www.yoursocialworker.com
  13. 13. Safety First The safety and security of the child is paramount. Do not assume the victim (parent) can provide for the child’s security. The victim’s own distress or secondary problems may over-ride their ability to care for the child. The victim may may use abusive of coercive strategies to manage the child. www.yoursocialworker.com
  14. 14. When Intervening…Structure second. www.yoursocialworker.com
  15. 15. Structure secondRoutine and Predictability Reduce Anxiety Daycare Women’s Shelter School Regular mealtimes / nutrition Regular bedtimes and wake-up time www.yoursocialworker.com
  16. 16. When Intervening…Treatment third. www.yoursocialworker.com
  17. 17. Treatment Third Consider “Safety” as “Treatment”  Ceases exposure and prevents re-exposure Consider “Structure” as “Treatment”  Reduced anxiety through stability of routines www.yoursocialworker.com
  18. 18. More Structural Interventions STRUCTURAL INTERVENTIONS is TREATMENT!!! Family School Child Friends Home / Community www.yoursocialworker.com
  19. 19. When Intervening…and supportthroughout www.yoursocialworker.com
  20. 20. Support Throughout Instrumental  Access to services (medical, social, educational)  Daycare or school placement  Supplies (from diapers to gym shorts) Emotional  Counselling – group or individual  A “safe place” or “buddy” www.yoursocialworker.com
  21. 21. Emotional Support Is this a resilient child? Are there indicators of disturbance? Does this child necessarily need counselling Might time and structural interventions mitigate deleterious effects of witnessing DV? If counselling is indicated, what type? www.yoursocialworker.com
  22. 22. Types of Counselling Individual  Talk  Art/Play/Music Family  Parent/child, sibling subgroup, entire family Group  Talk vs. activity based www.yoursocialworker.com
  23. 23. Violence Crosses gender While violence against women by men is most talked about, women also perpetrate violence against men. Further violence can be an issue in same-sex relationships regardless of gender. While raising violence against women still remains a difficulty in many jurisdictions, many men and same-sex couples find a greater stigma associated with raising the issue and hence these populations often go unserved. www.yoursocialworker.com
  24. 24. General Goals of Counselling  Breaking the Silence – demystification  Understanding Roles and Responsibilities  Learning to Identify Feelings  Managing Anger  Identifying Social Supports  Developing Confidence  Learning about the Cycle of Violence  Develop Conflict Resolution Skills  Symptom Reduction  Increasing Safety and Stability  Dealing with Separations www.yoursocialworker.com
  25. 25. Growing Up Right!Developmental Issues and Treatment Recommendations for Children Who Witness Violence Gary Direnfeld, MSW, RSW www.yoursocialworker.com www.yoursocialworker.com

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