As#gma#sm Type of refrac8ve error of the eye. blurred vision caused from refrac8ve errors Can be due to hereditary. Can also result from pressure from the eyelids on the cornea Incorrect posture or an increased use of the eyes for close work cause this.
Symptoms According to WebMD Medical Reference People with undetected as8gma8sm oDen experience: o Headaches o Fa8gue o Eyestrain o Blurred vision at all distances. These symptoms may not necessarily be the result of as8gma8sm, you should schedule an eye exam if you are experiencing one or more symptoms.
Diagnosing the problem Contact lenses Eye exam Nearsightedness/ Farsightedness check
Treatment • Mild as8gma8sm doesn’t need to be checked. • Glasses or contact lenses can help as8gma8sm • Laser surgery
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Preven8on • Cannot be prevented. • Inherited at birth.
Cataracts The Na#onal Eye Ins#tute states: A clouding of the lens in the eye ‐ aﬀects vision. Related to aging. A cataract can occur in either or both eyes. It cannot spread from one eye to the other.
Causes of cataracts Changes in the structure of the lens of your eye. As you get older, youre more likely to develop cataracts. Women are more at risk than men. There are other factors that can increase your risk of geWng cataracts. These include: • Diabetes • an injury to the eye • high blood pressure • exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light from sunlight • long‐term use of steroid medicines • Smoking • drinking too much alcohol • a family history of cataracts
Symptoms The most common symptoms of a cataract are: • Cloudy or blurry vision. • Colors seem faded. • Glare. • Headlights, lamps, or sunlight may appear too bright. • A halo may appear around lights. • Poor night vision. • Double vision or mul8ple images in one eye. (This symptom may clear as the cataract gets larger.) • Frequent prescrip8on changes in your eyeglasses or contact lenses. These symptoms also can be a sign of other eye problems. If you have any of these symptoms, check with your eye care professional.
Treatment around the world Good results ENGLAND High prices Safe, clean INDIA USA Aﬀordable “No s8tch, No shot, No pain” Risk factors Safe, fast and eﬀec8ve Costly Good results Fast Clean and eﬀec8ve
Preven8on • Have regular eye exams. • Quit smoking. • Wear sunglasses. • Take care of other health problems. • Maintain a healthy weight. • Choose a healthy diet that includes plenty of fruits and vegetables.
Bibliography • Olitsky SE, Hug D, Smith LP. Abnormali8es of refrac8on and accommoda8on. In: Kliegman RM, Behrman RE, Jenson HB, Stanton BF, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 18th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 619. [Accessed on 13th May 2011] • White PF, Sco_ CA. Contact lenses. In: Yanoﬀ M, Duker JS, eds. Ophthalmology. 3rd ed. St. Louis, Mo: Mosby Elsevier; 2008:chap 2.9. [Accessed on 13th May 2011] • Kramarevsky N, Hardten DR. Excimer laser photorefrac8ve keratectomy. In: Yanoﬀ M, Duker JS, eds. Ophthalmology. 3rd ed. St. Louis, Mo: Mosby Elsevier; 2008:chap 3.4. [Accessed on 14th May 2011]