Behaviorism Powerpoint

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Behaviorism Powerpoint

  1. 1. Behaviorismby Garland Schmidt Free Powerpoint Templates Page 1
  2. 2. Behaviorism Menu What? Who? How? In my classroom Free Powerpoint Templates Page 2
  3. 3. What is Behaviorism? •Our physical actions are learned behaviors •Behaviors can be acquired and changed. •No internal cognitive processing of information -learning is purely scientific •Stimulus-Response Principle Free Powerpoint Templates Page 3
  4. 4. What is Behaviorism? Behaviors are results of external stimuli: • Positive/negative reinforcement • Classic conditioning -focuses on involuntary behaviors • Operant Conditioning -focuses on voluntary behaviors Free Powerpoint Templates Page 4
  5. 5. Ivan Pavlov• 1904 Nobel Prize winner• Greatly influenced psychology• Famous for behavioral experiments with dogs• Used classic conditioning Free Powerpoint Templates Page 5
  6. 6. Ivan Pavlov1. Brought food to dogs (stimulus)2. Food resulted in salivation (reflex)3. Rang bell when reflex was achievedResults:• Dogs associated the bell with food• Salivated when bell was rung Free Powerpoint Templates Page 6
  7. 7. Reinforcement in the ClassroomTeachers use reinforcement to encourage certain behaviorsPositive reinforcement• Uses pleasant stimulus (reward)• Should be used more often than negative reinforcementNegative reinforcement• Uses unpleasant stimulus Free Powerpoint Templates Page 7
  8. 8. Reinforcement in the ClassroomBenefit of positive reinforcement• Gives students positive goals to work towardsToo much negative reinforcement is discouraging Free Powerpoint Templates Page 8
  9. 9. In my classroomI will use positive and negative reinforcement.Examples:• Praise students for nice behavior• Punish students for misbehaving• Praise students for good grade -provide detailed feedback Free Powerpoint Templates Page 9
  10. 10. In my classroomCompliment a student’s behavior in front of the classroom• Encourages student to repeat behavior• Encourages other students to mimic behaviorStudents seek approval from teacher Free Powerpoint Templates Page 10

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