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Grammar 2.9.

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Gerunds (verbs followed by gerunds).

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Grammar 2.9.

  1. 1. Grammar Gerunds <ul><li>A gerund (gerundio) is a noun that comes from a verb. Like a noun, a gerund can be a subject or an object . </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: Fishing is my favorite sport. </li></ul><ul><li>(subject) </li></ul><ul><li>Dan loves fishing . </li></ul><ul><li>(object) </li></ul><ul><li>Gerunds often follow verbs that express likes and dislikes: love, hate, like, enjoy, dislike, </li></ul><ul><li>don’t care for, can’t stand. </li></ul>
  2. 2. Grammar Gerunds <ul><li>Examples: He enjoys singing tango. </li></ul><ul><li>She dislikes doing exercises. </li></ul><ul><li>I can’t stand working here. </li></ul><ul><li>I don’t care for coming early. </li></ul><ul><li>I like playing basketball. </li></ul><ul><li>Dad hates working on weekends. </li></ul><ul><li>Gerunds always come after a preposition . </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: I’m interested in studying signs language. </li></ul><ul><li>He’s always thinking of going to the stadium. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Exercises 1 Fill in the blanks with the correct gerund form of verbs : <ul><li>1. I can’t stand ________ in this office. </li></ul><ul><li>2. The job is OK, but I don’t care much for _______ at a desk all </li></ul><ul><li>day. </li></ul><ul><li>3. You know Mom hates _________ by train. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Tim’s a good dancer. He really enjoys _______ with a partner. </li></ul><ul><li>5. Let’s take my station wagon. I like _________. </li></ul><ul><li>6. Bertha loves _________. She can get through an entire book in </li></ul><ul><li>a few hours. </li></ul><ul><li>7. I’m interested in _____________German next trimester. </li></ul><ul><li>8. I’ll make arepas for breakfast. I love _____________ </li></ul><ul><li>Venezuelan food. </li></ul><ul><li>9. Peter is dreaming of ___________ an airline pilot. </li></ul><ul><li>10. I’m so tired of ______________ for the university bus. </li></ul><ul><li>drive </li></ul><ul><li>cook </li></ul><ul><li>read </li></ul><ul><li>travel </li></ul><ul><li>learn </li></ul><ul><li>sit </li></ul><ul><li>wait </li></ul><ul><li>dance </li></ul><ul><li>be </li></ul><ul><li>work </li></ul>
  4. 4. Exercises 2 Complete the dialogue with gerunds: <ul><li>A: So you really think you’d enjoy ______ a pilot? </li></ul><ul><li>1.be </li></ul><ul><li>B: Sure, I do. ______ in an office like this isn’t my idea of an exciting profession. </li></ul><ul><li>2.work </li></ul><ul><li>A: But ______ is so different from ______ in an office. What other things </li></ul><ul><li>3.fly 4.work </li></ul><ul><li>do you like ______? </li></ul><ul><li>5.do </li></ul><ul><li>B: Well, actually, besides ______ to fly a plane, I’ve always loved _______ </li></ul><ul><li>6.want 7.act </li></ul><ul><li>and anything to do with the theater. But ______ as an actor is really tough. </li></ul><ul><li>8.live </li></ul><ul><li>A: Mmm-hmm. That’s true. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Exercises 3 Put the conversation in the correct order: <ul><li>____ Great. </li></ul><ul><li>__1_ Hi, Paul. What’s new? </li></ul><ul><li>____ How is it? </li></ul><ul><li>____ Not much. Hey, I heard you have a new job. </li></ul><ul><li>____ OK. I’ll give you a call this weekend. </li></ul><ul><li>____ Well, how about getting together sometime? </li></ul><ul><li>You can tell me all about it. </li></ul><ul><li>____ Yes, I do. </li></ul>

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