•Was introduced in 1990 by psychologists Mayerand Salovey•Refers to the human capacity tofeel, understand, manage and modify emotionalstates in oneself and others.Emotional intelligence is not stifle emotions, butdirect them and balance them.
Howard Gardner (1983), "developed the Multiple Intelligencesmodel, which proposed a new view of intelligence as a multiple capacityas a range of intellectual abilities, recognizing that there are other types ofintelligence apart from the cognitive." Of the eight types of intelligencesthat Gardner defined, intrapersonal intelligence and interpersonalintelligence caught the attention of Peter Salovey and John Mayer, whodefined their skills, presenting them under the term "Emotional Intelligence. Salovey and Mayer (1990), consider emotional intelligence as a subset ofsocial intelligence, which includes the ability to control feelings andemotions and that of others, to discriminate between them and use thisinformation, to guide our thinking and our actions. For Goleman Daniel (1996), emotional intelligence is the ability to controlour emotions, to know how to use an adequate sense to every problemthat we face experience. This includes self-control, persistence and abilityto motivate oneself. Being smart does not actually supposed to put atimetable on our passions. But if we can learn to react appropriately whenwe are gripped by an emotion. That is smart to our emotional life.
From the literature, there has been a review of major models of emotional intelligence. These have been classified mixed models, models of skills and other models that complement both. Salovey and Mayer model Bar-On model The Goleman´s model
The skills included in the model are the following: Emotional perception. Emotional facilitation of thought. Emotional compression. Address emotional. Reflective regulation of emotions promote personal growth.
The model consists of several areas: intrapersonal component, component interpersonal component mood in general, components of adaptability, components of stress management and component of the overall mood.Intrapersonal component: Emotional understanding ofhimself Assertiveness Self-concept IndependenceInterpersonal component: Empathy Relationships Social responsibility
Goleman establishes the existence of an Emotional Quotient (EC) that isnot opposed to Intelligence Quotient (IQ) but both classic complement eachother. An example can be seen between comparisons of an individual with ahigh IQ but low capacity work and another individual with a ratio mediumand high intellectual ability to work. Both can reach the same end, as bothterms are complementary. Components according to Goleman are: Self awareness Managing emotions Self motivation Empathy Handling relationships
In studies conducted in this paper states that most students prefer to work together as co- existence and the different views of their peers helps them work more complete and diversity of ideas, whereas the minority students prefer to work individually as its emotional aspect does not let you live with more people, and as teachers we know what our students want to work when and so will be easier for both sides to conclude a good job.
García Fernández, M. & Giménez-Mas, S.I. (2010). La inteligencia emocional y sus principales modelos: propuesta de un modelo integrador. Espiral. Cuadernos del Profesorado [en línea], 3(6), 43-52. Disponible en: http://www.cepcuevasolula.es/espiral.