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Session 1 e-Learning


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Session 1 e-Learning

  1. 1. Best Practices and Organization for e-Learning G. Andrew Page University of Alaska Anchorage
  2. 2. What do we know? What does the research say?
  3. 3. Definition of Distance Education Institution-based formal education where the learning group is separated, and where interactive telecommunications systems/media are used to connect learners, resources and instructors .
  4. 4. Teaching Face to Face Instruction Distance Delivered Instruction
  5. 5. Student versus Teacher-Centered Approach
  6. 6. Staggering Growth of DE
  7. 10. Best Practices?
  8. 12. Indicators of Quality: Mission <ul><li>Positive </li></ul><ul><li>Explicit statement of purpose of distance education in the organization’s mission statement </li></ul><ul><li>Warning Signs </li></ul><ul><li>Two separate approaches- DE v. F2F </li></ul><ul><li>Two target populations </li></ul>
  9. 13. Indicators of Quality: Curriculum <ul><li>Positive </li></ul><ul><li>Faculty oversight </li></ul><ul><li>Faculty course design </li></ul><ul><li>Warning Signs </li></ul><ul><li>No ID Support </li></ul><ul><li>“ Cookie-cutter” course design </li></ul>
  10. 14. Indicators of Quality: Faculty Support <ul><li>Positive </li></ul><ul><li>Faculty development process </li></ul><ul><li>Instructional design support </li></ul><ul><li>Warning Signs </li></ul><ul><li>Direct conversion of F2F to DE </li></ul><ul><li>Two course evaluation systems </li></ul>
  11. 15. Indicators of Quality: Students <ul><li>Positive </li></ul><ul><li>Strong technology support – 24/7 </li></ul><ul><li>Academic advisers for DE students </li></ul><ul><li>Warning Signs </li></ul><ul><li>Some services must be accessed F2F </li></ul><ul><li>Confusion about contact people </li></ul>
  12. 16. Indicators of Quality: Sustainability <ul><li>Positive </li></ul><ul><li>Systematic approach applied </li></ul><ul><li>Clear plans for future </li></ul><ul><li>Warning Signs </li></ul><ul><li>History of started and stopped programs </li></ul><ul><li>Administrators know, but others do not </li></ul>
  13. 17. Indicators of Quality: Evaluation and Assessment <ul><li>Positive </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation results used for continuous improvement </li></ul><ul><li>Input from faculty and students </li></ul><ul><li>Warning Signs </li></ul><ul><li>Large number of drop-outs </li></ul><ul><li>Record of many complaints </li></ul>
  14. 18. US DOE Technology Plan <ul><li>Strengthen Leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Consider Innovative Budgeting </li></ul><ul><li>Improve Teacher Training </li></ul><ul><li>Support e-Learning and Virtual Schools </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage Broadband Access </li></ul><ul><li>Move Toward Digital Content </li></ul><ul><li>Integrate Data Systems </li></ul>
  15. 19. Best Practices <ul><li>Logical and Intuitive Organization </li></ul><ul><li>Multimedia Use to Present Content </li></ul><ul><li>High Quality Production Standards </li></ul><ul><li>Content-Rich Design </li></ul><ul><li>Meaningful, Quick and Meaningful Interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Self Pacing Apparent </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous Evaluation and Revision </li></ul><ul><li>What do students say? </li></ul><ul><li>Click here! </li></ul>
  16. 20. Rules of Thumb <ul><li>For a typical 3-credit course </li></ul><ul><li>90 -130 hours of student involvement </li></ul><ul><li>10 – 25 students/instructor </li></ul><ul><li>Clear organization ~ 45 topics, 15 modules, and 3 units </li></ul><ul><li>Build Communities >5 <10 </li></ul><ul><li>Grade often and everything </li></ul><ul><li><1 instructor posting to 4 student postings </li></ul>
  17. 21. Equivalency Theory of Distance Education “ Learners, distant and local, should be provide equivalent learning experiences in order for them to achieve similar learning outcomes”
  18. 22. Learning Experiences Anything that happens to or with a student that promotes learning, including what is observed, felt, heard, or done.
  19. 23. Chunking of Information Pre-Chunking Post- Chunking
  20. 24. Equivalency Units (vs. Carnegie Units) Modules (3-5/Unit) Topics (3-5/Module, each with a Learning Outcome)
  21. 25. 3 x 5 x 5 Approach 3 Units/3Credit Course 5 Modules/Unit 5 Concepts/Module & 1 Objective/Concept
  22. 26. 1 Semester Credit = 1 Unit = 5 Modules = 15 Concepts
  23. 27. Best Practices: DE Courses <ul><li>Design </li></ul><ul><li>15 concepts/topics per credit </li></ul><ul><li>40-50 hours of student time per credit </li></ul>
  24. 28. Best Practices: Instruction <ul><li>Content </li></ul><ul><li>Readings </li></ul><ul><li>Viewings </li></ul><ul><li>Listenings </li></ul><ul><li>Interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Chats </li></ul><ul><li>Discussions </li></ul><ul><li>Teamwork </li></ul><ul><li>Email </li></ul><ul><li>VOIP </li></ul><ul><li>Telephone </li></ul><ul><li>Live Presentations E-Live! </li></ul>Assessment Exams Presentaitons Writing Journals Blogs