Constructivist\ S Perspective Fall 08

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Constructivist\ S Perspective Fall 08

  1. 1. The Constructivist Perspective & Technology Brought to you by: Keith, Kelly, Bill, Tim & Mike September 24, 2008
  2. 2. Techno-Constructivist Quiz - Stages of Teacher Technology Efficacy <ul><li>Stage 1: Preliterate end users </li></ul><ul><li>(no experience with computers or technology) </li></ul><ul><li>Stage 2: Software technicians </li></ul><ul><li>(common applications for personal use) </li></ul><ul><li>Stage 3: Electronic traditionalists </li></ul><ul><li>(proficient in technology use within the classroom) </li></ul><ul><li>Stage 4: Techno-constructivists </li></ul><ul><li>(integrate technology into the curriculum) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Constructivist Perspective - Basic Features <ul><li>Knowledge results from learning (socially constructed) </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge is unique to the individual </li></ul><ul><li>Learning is a social process </li></ul><ul><li>Scholars do not create knowledge & teachers do not teach it </li></ul><ul><li>Communication is a key component </li></ul>
  4. 4. Jean Piaget <ul><li>“Children construct mental maps as they encounter new information.” </li></ul><ul><li>Assimilation vs. accommodation </li></ul><ul><li>Four major stages of development </li></ul>Piaget
  5. 5. Constructivist’s Perspective - Two Dominant Views <ul><li>Cognitive-constructivist view </li></ul><ul><li>Social constructivism </li></ul>
  6. 6. Cognitive-constructivist view <ul><li>Robert Gagné </li></ul><ul><li>Learning is the result of individuals constructing personal knowledge </li></ul>Gagné
  7. 7. Social constructivism <ul><li>Lev Vygotsky </li></ul><ul><li>& Albert Bandura </li></ul><ul><li>Learning is the product of group interactions </li></ul>Vygotsky Bandura
  8. 8. Constructivist Perspective & The Classroom <ul><li>Real world problems should be used and studied in the classroom </li></ul><ul><li>Responsibilities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Job of the teacher is to place resources out for the students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Students are to take those resources and teach themselves </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Techno-Constructivist Quiz . . . Revisited! <ul><li>Our assumption . . . level 3 or 4 </li></ul><ul><li>Goal for level 3 . . . to become a 4 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Redefine education through use of technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teacher realizes that children build on their own experiences, construct their own meaning, create products and solve problems successfully. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Techno-constructivists use/do: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet projects, virtual field trips, enhance literacy through technology . . . possibilities are endless. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. “ Childhood is a journey, not a race” -Society for Developmental Education
  11. 11. References <ul><li>Education World. (2004, March 1). Are you a techno-constructivist? Retrieved September 21, 2008 from http://www.educationworld.com/a_tech/tech/tech005.shtml </li></ul><ul><li>Lever-Duffy, Judy, & McDonald, Jean B. (2008). Teaching and learning with technology (3rd ed.). Boston: Pearson Education, Inc. </li></ul>

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