Cognitivist Theory & Technology

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Cognitivist Theory & Technology

  1. 1. COGNITIVIST THEORY AND TECHNOLOGY EDAE 638 Sara, Donna, Norma, Krista, and Vanessa
  2. 2. Principles of Cognitivist Theory <ul><li>Mental activity (cognition) is the primary focus of learning </li></ul><ul><li>Learning is measured by how one thinks—not how one behaves </li></ul><ul><li>Learning is a mental action—information enters the brain, is manipulated, is stored, and is used. </li></ul>
  3. 3. History of Cognitivism <ul><li>According to Wikipedia, Ulrich Neisser first used the term “cognitive psychology” in 1967 </li></ul><ul><li>Other cognitivists are: Jean Piaget, Donald Broadbent and Lev Vygotsky </li></ul><ul><li>Other psychological groups fault cognitivism for minimizing a person’s thoughts and experiences into numbers and data </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia, retrieved 9/22/08. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Cognitivism <ul><li>Cognitive theory Gestalt psychologists believed in looking at the whole person rather than its individual parts. </li></ul><ul><li>The two major assumptions are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. the memory system is processed information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. a student’s prior knowledge has an important role when it comes to learning. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The ingredients for learning are the learner’s prior knowledge and processes (viewing, understanding, and storing) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Cognitivism <ul><li>There are three important processes when it comes to cognitive learning, which include </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Acquiring new information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transforming old information to fit a particular task </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluating or measuring to see whether the transformed information works </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Cognitivism <ul><li>Do you think that students learn from interaction, as opposed to passivity? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you think that learning is sequential and occurs in steps over time? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you believe that educators should focus on developing learning environments that foster the acquisition of knowledge? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you think students need time to reflect on their learning and discuss it with others? </li></ul>
  7. 7. Technology <ul><li>When it comes to educating with technology, it is important to include specific principles: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interactive assignments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moments of reflection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interaction with classmates and instructor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem-solving </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Levels of development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adapt to the learning styles of students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be flexible and adaptive </li></ul></ul>

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