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Flight Safety Part2


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Flight Safety Part2

  1. 1. Training needs for an effective contingency and emergency response planning Andre Auer JAA Training Organization
  2. 2. JAA TO’s Approach to Training on Emergency Response PlanningJAA Training OrganisationAndré Auer, Special AdvisorOn behalf of Joost Jonker, Director 18 November 2011, Bucharest, Romania Seminar of the Flight Safety Foundation SE Europe-Middle East-Cyprus, Bucharest 18.November
  3. 3. Content• About JAA TO• EU regulation 996/2010• JAA TO ERP Workshop • Workshop Content • Participants and Instructors • Feedback from Workshop• Questions? Seminar of the Flight Safety Foundation SE Europe-Middle East-Cyprus, Bucharest 18.November
  4. 4. About JAA TO: Who we are• ECAC Associate Body (since 1 July 2009)• Dutch Foundation (Non-Profit)• Mainly Regulatory Aviation Safety Training on: • Applicable JARs • Implementing Rules • EASA Syllabi; e-Examinations; SAFA Approvals ( • International Regulations Seminar of the Flight Safety Foundation SE Europe-Middle East-Cyprus, Bucharest 18.November
  5. 5. Mission and Goals of JAA Training Organisation• Remain the leading Aviation Safety Training Provider in Europe• Being fully supportive to ECAC, EASA, EU and ICAO in their aviation safety efforts within and outside Europe• Remain Independent and maintaining Non- Profit character• Forging Strategic Cooperations with National, Regional and Global organisations and institutions Seminar of the Flight Safety Foundation SE Europe-Middle East-Cyprus, Bucharest 18.November
  6. 6. About JAA TO: Our Courses Maintenance Nominated Postholder Dangerous Goods Licensing Intro to Aviation Regulations PRM • Over 100 Training Courses and Trainers Environmental International Aviation Law & Policy • Over 10 Regional Training Locations Worldwid • Over 10 Thousand Annual Participants Logistics ManagementCrisis Management Military Airworthiness Aerodrome & Ground Operations Seminar of the Flight Safety Foundation SE Europe-Middle East-Cyprus, Bucharest 18.November
  7. 7. Emergency Response Planning• EU regulation 996/2010 (investigation and prevention of accidents and incidents in civil aviation) – Repealed previous EU rules – Stated new objectives – Came into force November 2010 Seminar of the Flight Safety Foundation SE Europe-Middle East-Cyprus, Bucharest 18.November
  8. 8. Emergency Response Planning• In preamble of EU regulation – New rules for list of persons on board – New rules for protection of this information – New rules for information about dangerous goods – New rules for contact persons of persons on board – New rules for victim and family assistance Seminar of the Flight Safety Foundation SE Europe-Middle East-Cyprus, Bucharest 18.November
  9. 9. Emergency Response Planning• In preamble of EU regulation – New rules for emergency plans for: – States – Airports – Airlines – Existing regulations for data protection are applicable Seminar of the Flight Safety Foundation SE Europe-Middle East-Cyprus, Bucharest 18.November
  10. 10. Emergency Response Planning• New regulation always means need for training• This is especially valid for contingency and emergency response• JAA TO reacted immediately in preparing a workshop
  11. 11. Emergency ResponsePlanning• JAA TO provides a 3-day workshop scheduled throughout the year in all 12 Training Centers as well as on client’s location (upon request). – Existing rules are explained – New rules are addressed
  12. 12. Emergency ResponsePlanning• Contents of workshop (1) – Emergency and crisis – Why an ERP (the advantage) – Steps in crisis management – How to start thinking about an ERP – Examples of real life accident and how to plan
  13. 13. Emergency ResponsePlanning• Contents of workshop (2) – Building a response framework – Handling the media and the general public – Assistance to victims and relatives – Business recovery Seminar of the Flight Safety Foundation SE Europe-Middle East-Cyprus, Bucharest 18.November
  14. 14. Emergency ResponsePlanning• Contents of workshop (2) – Skills of persons in organisation – Tasks of persons in organisation – Activation of ERP – Involvement of departments in organisation – Importance of logging information Seminar of the Flight Safety Foundation SE Europe-Middle East-Cyprus, Bucharest 18.November
  15. 15. Emergency ResponsePlanning• Contents of workshop (3) – Additional info from a real life case will be given – Experience from an airline, involved in a fatal accident and how this was handled – A short movie will be shown with experience from passengers who survived a crash Seminar of the Flight Safety Foundation SE Europe-Middle East-Cyprus, Bucharest 18.November
  16. 16. Emergency ResponsePlanning• Participants of workshop – From the mentioned organisations (State, airport, airlines) – Will receive: – Presentation book – Course book – Certificate of attendance Seminar of the Flight Safety Foundation SE Europe-Middle East-Cyprus, Bucharest 18.November
  17. 17. Emergency ResponsePlanning• JAA TO Workshop Instructors – Experience with investigations of accident and incident in the broad world of aviation (combined 50 years+ experience) – Are available for later assistance Seminar of the Flight Safety Foundation SE Europe-Middle East-Cyprus, Bucharest 18.November
  18. 18. Emergency ResponsePlanning• Feedback from workshop – “A very good and clear course. …. The instructor gave us all instructions needed for an ERP” – “I will be able to discuss and properly implement an ERP in our organisation” – “A good way of understanding what an emergency situation can be like” Seminar of the Flight Safety Foundation SE Europe-Middle East-Cyprus, Bucharest 18.November
  19. 19. “I hated every minute of training but I said : Don’t quit.Suffer now and live the rest of your life as a champion!” Mohammed Ali Seminar of the Flight Safety Foundation SE Europe-Middle East-Cyprus, Bucharest 18.November
  20. 20. Thank you foryour Attention!
  21. 21. Contingency Plans of the military: Perspective of the Romanian Airforce Major General Fanica CARNU ROMANIAN AIR-FORCE
  22. 22. Contingency Plans of the Military Major General CARNU FANICAChief of the Romanian Air Force UNCLASSIFIED 22
  23. 23. Agenda• Contingencies within Military Planning Process• Air C2 Contingencies• Military Airdromes Contingencies• Military Controller’ Contingencies• Challenges UNCLASSIFIED 23
  24. 24. Contingency within Military Planning Process• Part of military planning Operational Planning Standing Contingency Defence Plans Plans UNCLASSIFIED 24
  25. 25. The Air C2 ContingenciesRadar and radio coverage CRC Backup CRC WOC SAMOC Radars Backup Radars UNCLASSIFIED 25
  26. 26. The Military Airfields Contingencies Alternate Normal Emergencies Air Base operating Main Air Base LookingAlternate AlternateAir Base Air Base Recovery for Options UNCLASSIFIED 26
  27. 27. The Controller’ Contingencies Controller A Links Military Controller Controller controllers B Crew A to Civil chief entities Military Controller Controller controllers B X within MoD entities UNCLASSIFIED 27
  28. 28. Challenges EU requirements (i.e. Single Lack of European Sky) infrastructure NATO National Personnel Financialrequirements interest shortfalls restraints Common approach UNCLASSIFIED 28
  29. 29. Conclusions• Contingencies – part of operational planning• Backup entities - support contingencies• Future challenges – unavoidable UNCLASSIFIED 29
  30. 30. 3rd SESSION
  31. 31. Contingency and emergency plans of Airlines Dragos MunteanuHead of Safety & Quality-TAROM
  32. 32. TAROM Contingency Plans for AirlinesDragos Munteanu, Beng, MSc, Drd Safety & Quality Manager
  33. 33. Contents• TAROM• Air Transport• The Regulatory Framework• WHY ERP?• The status• The Future• Conclusions
  34. 34. TAROM• National Flag Carrier• Founded 1954• 26 modern aircraft – ATR, Airbus, Boeing• IATA, AEA, FSF member• IOSA 2006• Full Sky Team member 2010
  35. 35. Air Transport
  36. 36. Safety
  37. 37. Costs
  38. 38. Aviation Accidents
  39. 39. Why do we have Emergency Response Plans?• Responsibility to the passengers and crew• Preservation of property and evidence• Assistance to families• Reporting to Authorities• Information• Business ContinuityBecause …. No one can plan in a moment……
  40. 40. Regulatory framework• ICAO – element of SMS framework 1.4• EU regulations – No. 996/2010 on the investigation and prevention of accidents and incidents – Article 21 “Assistance to the victims of air accidents and their relatives”• No common standard – no consistency• IATA ISARPS
  41. 41. The Status of the Airline Industry• Industry led the way in establishing Emergency Response Plans appropriate for the realities of the day
  42. 42. Typical Set Up
  43. 43. Crisis Response Organisation
  44. 44. Alarm and Mobilisation
  45. 45. TAROM Crisis Management Manual• First Edition – July 2001• Before some coordination procedures with authorities• The RED book for some airlines – Emergency Response Manual• 11th revision
  46. 46. Local Emergency Response Plan (LERP) Local station tool in a standardized format for all RO stations to support the CMM Provides necessary information for station staff to respond quickly and appropriately to emergencies which may involve local stations Station Manager responsibility to administrate the LERP (customized by local station) Coordinated with the Airport Emergency Plan (basic facilities) Agents trained by local station staff according to the basic procedures outlined in the LERP
  47. 47. OrganisationCRISIS MANAGEMENT ORGANIZATION Crisis Management Team Operations Control Center Home Base Team Field Teams Passenger Information Center Family Assistance Centers
  48. 48. Main elements Crisis Center Key Element of RO Crisis Management Plan where the CMC gathers and directs RO response to any emergency Call Center Handling Inbound phone calls  Outbound Notification Assembling information from Callers Family Support Centers(FAC) Ensures a comfortable environment where care, support & information is provided uninjured passengers and their families
  49. 49. Communication - VITAL• Dark site
  50. 50. Standards• No common standards• Discrepancies between airlines• One industry standard – IOSA• ORG Section 4 – Emergency Response
  51. 51. IOSA ISM• Corporate ERP• Emergency Response Manager• Coordination, transition of operations• Manifest• Published procedures and responsibilities• Training for personnel• Periodic rehearsal• Detailed Debriefing and Critique
  52. 52. IOSA ISM (2)• Emergency Command Center• Coordination of Communication with external entities• Resources Available: Local centres, Call centres, Equipment & Material, Humanitarian Teams
  53. 53. Involved Parties Airline Airport Authorities/Agencies
  54. 54. Practice makes perfect• Exercises• Table top exercises• Simulations and exercises to test local procedures;• Full scale exercises (Airline/Airport/Local Authorities);• Simulations of key aspects of post traumatic stress on both TAROM staff and next of kin - (In co- operation with Romanian Red Cross)
  55. 55. Exercises
  56. 56. Exercises
  57. 57. SKYTEAM• Mutual assistance;• Core common Local Emergency Response Plan• Extended to other members of the Alliance(first step – AF/KL/DL)• SKYTEAM Crisis Communication Manual – communication with the media;
  58. 58. TAROM initiatives• Training of own employees• “Long course” 5 days• Crisis Communication Course• Audit of local emergency response plans• Airport visits: Airport Authority Emergency Response Representative - Handling Agent Emergency Response Responsible• Evaluate the training and readiness of the various entities to handle an emergency situation of TAROM
  59. 59. TAROM initiatives• Are procedures corroborated with the Airport Emergency Plans?• Partnership with the Romanian Red Cross• Volunteers• Fast communication system – SMS, voice, teleconference• Software for emergency response data management• Element of Management Evaluations
  60. 60. The Way to the Future• Clear procedures and guidelines reduce the risks to loss of life• Coordination is paramount for success• Having in place a comprehensive crisis management plan and testing it will mitigate the effects of a major accident or emergency and speed up the recovery so that everyone can get back to their regular activities in the shortest time possible.
  61. 61. Need for coordination• Cooperation is vital for successful emergency situations• All airlines must have effective ERPs• Capitalise on experience and expertise in each organisation field of activity• Zero accidents - a MYTH?
  62. 62. Conclusion - ERP“With a good, proven response plan, the airline has an excellent chance to negate some of the negative aspects of an incident.”
  63. 63. Thank you! Questions?
  64. 64. TAROM Contingency Plans for AirlinesDragos Munteanu, Beng, MSc, Drd Safety & Quality Manager
  65. 65. The ANSP’s perspective on contingency and emergency planning Mr.Adrian Serban Director General of ROMATSA
  66. 66. ROMATSA Perspective on contingency and emergency planningRomanian Air Traffic Services Administration
  67. 67. Annex 11 to the ICAO convention requires contingency plans for air traffic services, that including: • flight information service • alerting service • air traffic control service Annex 11 states that air traffic services shall develop and promulgate Contingency plans for implementation in the event of disruption, or potential disruption , of air traffic services and related supporting services in the airspace for which they are responsible for the provision of such services. (Chapter 2.30, amendment 46) andRomanian Air Traffic Services Administration
  68. 68. Contingency plans are intended to provide alternative facilities and services to those provided in the regional air navigation plan when those facilities and services are temporarily not available. In addition, Regulation (EC) No 2096/2005 requires contingency plans for all the Services provided by the air navigation service provider.Romanian Air Traffic Services Administration
  69. 69. Annex I to the CR Regulation , (para. 8.2) requiers that: ‘ …an air navigation service provider shall have in place contingency Plans for all the services it provides in the case of the events that result in The significant degradation or interruption of its services” Annex II to the CR Regulation (para.4) states: “a provider of air traffic services shall be able to demonstrate that its Working methods and operating procedures are compliant with, in Particular, Annex 11 to the Chicago Convention.Romanian Air Traffic Services Administration
  70. 70. ROMATSA approach to contingency 1. Accurate assessment of organisational background: Infrastructure, procedures Human resources available Liasion with other agencies Traceable record of contingency and emergency eventsRomanian Air Traffic Services Administration
  71. 71. 2. Fail –safe architecture of the ATM system and service Implementation of local contingency plans, in correlation with the General Action plan for contingency and the search and rescue plans Employment of external available sites, self-sustained, ready to ensure a continuity of services in case of a major event disabling a main traffic control unit Recurrent adequate training of personnel on contingency and emergency events Establishment of a search and rescue coordination plan and tools Cross-border agreements on mutual assistance on contingency eventsRomanian Air Traffic Services Administration
  72. 72. 3. Readiness of the system to instantly identify and assist an emergency: Being a state of distress: A condition of being threatened by serious and/or imminent danger and of requiring immediate assistance. Or a state of urgency: A condition concerning the safety of an aircraft or other vehicle, or of some person on board or within sight, but which does not require immediate assistance.Romanian Air Traffic Services Administration
  73. 73. • Co-located AOC and back-up centre (CR-2)• In order to continuously provide air traffic services for GAT flights, particularly in case of force-majeure, ROMATSA develops a back-up centre for flight guidance, control, and information. Based on the need to get a survivable alternate centre and taking the advantage of the traditional constructive relations with the Romanian Air Force Staff, an agreement was signed on civil CR-2 / Air Operation Centre collocation.• Due to the unique environment provided by the Romanian Air Operation Centre, we will have soon the capability to provide on-going services not just in peace time contingency situations, but also in crisis time. Not to mention the civil-military coordination or data exchange quality.
  74. 74. 4. Search & Rescue coordination and actions Chicago Convention on Civil Aviation – Annex 12 (Search And Rescue);  Law No 15/2005 – National System for Management of Emergency Situation, consisting of: • central and local committees for emergency situations; • General Inspectorate for Emergency Situations and 42 county level inspectorates;  Government Decision No 741/2008 – Regulation regarding the management of emergency situations generated by civil aviation accidents, with main provisions: • Aeronautical RCC within ROMATSA; • Roles and responsibilities of all organizations from • SAR System and modes of co-operations among them.Romanian Air Traffic Services Administration
  75. 75. ROMATSA RADIONAV NSEC - 112 ALERT GENERATION Air Traffic Control Sub-units RAHLRS COSPAS / MARITIME RCC MoD & MoI units SAR MISSION SARSAT (RMA) MANAGEMENT MoI R.C.A.A. AERONAUTICAL RCC Aviation units (ROMATSA) AMBULANCE/EMSR&E Airport POLICE Administrators METEO Services Professional organizations for emergencies services CIES Operational SALVAMONT Centre (42) GENDARMERIE MoT GIES CONTROL Operational Centre Operational Centre MoT DECISION Committee for emergencies NSEC – National System for Emergency Call RAHRLS – Romanian Agency for Human Rescue on Sea EMSR&E – Emerg. Mobile Serv. for Resuscitation & Extrication CIES – County Inspectorate for Emergency SituationRomanian Air Traffic Services Administration GIES – General Inspectorate for Emergency Situation
  76. 76. Number of users: about 80; Bandwidth for each user: 512 kbps; Availability of comm. channels: 99.99%; Gateways to different public and private, fix and mobile telephone networks; Access to databases, such as: •Aviation domain (types of aircraft, registration, authorities from states of registration and operators’ data of contact); •SAR domain (aircraft, units, facilities, personnel e.g.). GIS based on digital maps (1:50,000) and orto-photo-gramms (1:5,000): AVL data displayed on maps (for mobiles equipped with GPS and TETRA/GSM terminals). Double voice recordingRomanian Air Traffic Services Administration
  77. 77. S&R application software Easy access to: •Incident databases (alerts, operational periods, search zones, met. plans); •Telephone agenda and messages; •Lists of personnel and resources, available and allotted to incidents; •Screen and report formats; •Lists of standard action; Search planning using different scenarios and algorithms (dead-reckoning, aeronautical drift, total probable error position etc.); Both keyboard data introduction and graphical editor may be used for placing on the map: search zones, sites of incidents, maps of probabilities etc.; Automatic sent of warning signals to the destination user on memorizing the text of messages and screen formats; Active telephone agenda using double-click facility;Romanian Air Traffic Services Administration
  78. 78. Display of search zonesRomanian Air Traffic Services Administration
  79. 79. Search planningRomanian Air Traffic Services Administration
  80. 80. RCC organisation (1) Inside ACC operational room: •Two work stations, each with two 24” monitors, on a desk near D&D console; •One printer •One fax machine; •Telephone sets for public and private networks; •One operator for normal situations; •Two operators and a SAR supervisor when a distress alert is generated;Romanian Air Traffic Services Administration
  81. 81. RCC organisation (2)Within the administrative / crisis room (located in the administrative part of ACC): •One work station with two 24” monitors; •One 46” LCD screen (displaying the same images like monitor No. 2), useful both for operational and training activities; •One printer; •One A1 plotter; •Telephone sets for public and private networks; •One table for maps.Romanian Air Traffic Services Administration
  82. 82. Deployment of S&R Aviation unitsRomanian Air Traffic Services Administration
  83. 83. S&R activity Actions fulfilled so far: • IT&C System – implemented; • Operational plans and procedures – developed and distributed; • Protocols with the organizations within SAR system • Courses with the personnel of Aeronautical RCC • On-job training with all users of the system – finished;Romanian Air Traffic Services Administration
  84. 84. Actions planned for the future: • Agreements with neighboring countries; •To plan, organize and execute communications, paper and full-scale exercises; •To collect data and develop the new National SAR Plan; •To plan and execute the audits at the participants of SAR missions, focusing on refreshment training process.Romanian Air Traffic Services Administration
  85. 85. So, to successfully overcome a contingency or emergency event it is important to: Consult airspace users and airports during the planning phase and the Contingency itself: Early identification of a clearly defined roles, responsibilities and Authorities; Continued readiness of the appropriate personnel and systems; Coordination with CFMU and military.Romanian Air Traffic Services Administration
  86. 86. Adding a careful planning and a permanently updated Contingency Plan, a state of contingency should be no more than an efficiency issue for an ANS provider. THANK YOU!Romanian Air Traffic Services Administration
  87. 87. Contingency and emergency plans of an airport Miltos Miltiadous Manager of Larnaca Airport
  88. 88. Hermes AirportsContingency and Emergency Plans an Airport’s Perspective 90
  89. 89. Hermes AirportsWhy do we need Emergency & Contingency Plans?  Fulfil regulatory, legal or contractual compliance  Look ahead and prepare than look back and regret  Things that can go wrong will go wrong at some point  Plan well and be prepared. Saves – lives & reputation 91
  90. 90. Hermes AirportsKey difference: Emergency Planning:  ICAO Requirement  Regulated from local CAAs Contingency Planning:  Operator developed & driven  Aims to maintain efficiency 92
  91. 91. Emergency PlanningAn ICAO requirement:  Annex 14 and  ASM part 5 - directions and guidelines  Needs to be developed into a Manual: Airport’s Emergency Response & Preparedness Plan (ERPP) States can develop own regulatory / legal framework over and above ICAO 93
  92. 92. Emergency PlanningAirport’s Emergency Response & Preparedness Plan(ERPP)The plan to prepare the airport community to face an emergency (life threatening) situation.Derives the procedures and guidelines on how individual agencies/organizations, of the airport community, are expected to respond in a crisis situation. 94
  93. 93. Emergency PlanningFollows Specific Structure covering ICAO EmergencyScenarios Alert for Aircraft Emergency (Standby Crash on Airport Crash off Airport Crash on Water Structural Fire Hazardous Material Handling Medical Emergency (General) 95
  94. 94. Emergency PlanningFollows Specific Structure covering ICAO EmergencyScenarios - Continued… Medical Emergency (Pandemic) Natural Disaster (earthquake) Hijack Bomb Threat (Aircraft) Bomb Threat (Structural) Sabotage 96
  95. 95. Emergency PlanningFormalizes the conduct between all emergency and otherservices during each scenario:  Rescue & Fire Fighting  Police  Paramedics / Ambulance / Hospitals  Airline / Passenger Handler / Ramp Handler  Civil Aviation Authority / Accident Investigation Board  Airport Operator 97
  96. 96. Emergency PlanningDescribes the flow of command during each scenario:  Who assumes role as On-Scene commander.  How this command cascades as time goes by.  Who assumes role as Emergency Coordination Centre (ECC) DirectorDescribes all relevant locations:  Rendezvous point (primary & secondary)  Media Room.  Friends & Relatives Assembly Area  Emergency Reception Area  Holding Treatment Area  Reunion Area 98
  97. 97. Emergency PlanningLeaves no margin for guess-work & assumptions Everybody involved needs to know: What to do. Where to do it. What means to use. 99
  98. 98. Emergency PlanningPractise makes Perfect Full Scale Exercise: At least every two years. Partial Exercise: At least one every year. Table top Exercise: At least one every 6 months except during the 6 months period of a full scale exercise. 100
  99. 99. Emergency PlanningCriticism Helps Examine what went wrong during each exercise Built on exercise findings to clear up roles 101
  100. 100. Contingency PlanningRefers to a back up plan (set of plans) to cater for sustaining efficientoperations when loosing certain commodities or systemsMaintain the running of the airport until full systems recovery 102
  101. 101. Contingency Planning Typically is in the form of:• Alternate systems that can be used.• Procedures that need to be followed – Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) 103
  102. 102. Contingency PlanningThe PLAN BTo minimize impact on Operations and reduce customers inconvenienceTo keep the airport running even at a reduced pace To avoid Chaos To avoid Criticism Not to be a “No Go” 104
  103. 103. Contingency Planning Caters for the interim period until the full recovery of a primary system (actions required until the return to normal functioning) Covers all major abnormalities which are likely to occur at the airport and might cause an infraction Prioritizes scenarios depending on the criticality and impact on operations Relies on input and assistance of all stakeholders / service providers 105
  104. 104. Contingency PlanningTypical Scenarios: Baggage Handling System:  Partial Failure  Total Failure Info Systems :  Flight Info Display (FIDS) Failure  Babbage Info Display (BIDS) Failure 106
  105. 105. Contingency PlanningCritical Systems such as Runway Lights 107
  106. 106. Contingency Planning Cookbook Approach - Everybody knows what to do. Clear allocation of duties between agencies & departments. List of cases can be quite tedious & non exhaustive Cluster cases based on common trunk approach: • Aircraft disabled on the runway • Low visibility Runway Closed • Problems affecting the Control Tower functioning 108
  107. 107. Contingency Planning Access Control System (ACS) Failure  Hijack Alert Activating IVR and Website Contingency  Inadmissible Passengers Announcements  Industrial Action Airfield Lighting Failure  Irregular Flight Operations (a/c return) Airport Operational Database (AODB)  Irregular Operations – Airport Closure Failure  Medical Calls Back up Ops Centre Activation  Public Announcement (PA) Failure Baggage Handling System (BHS) Failure  Passenger Boarding Bridge (PBB) BIDS Malfunction malfunction CCTV Failure  Removal of Disabled a/c Complete Power Failure  Runway Closure CUTE Failure  Telephone failure FIDS Malfunction  VDGS Malfunction Fire Detection and Protection System  Vertical Transportation Failure Failure Ground to Ground (G2G) Communication Failure High Risk Flights 109
  108. 108. Emergency & Contingency PlanningEmergency Planning Contingency Planning Safety aspect first Efficiency aspect first Common Goal Safeguard the functioning of the airport 110
  109. 109. Emergency & Contingency PlanningEmergency Planning Contingency Planning Safety aspect first Efficiency aspect first Common Goal Safeguard the functioning of the airport None of them will work out without PRACTISE EXERCISE TESTING 111
  110. 110. Emergency & Contingency Planning THANK YOU QUESTIONS? 112
  111. 111. 4th Session
  112. 112. Contingency and emergency plans in Russian aviation: Isthere a need for harmonization with European policies? Kusaev Abdul Novosibirsk Airport Russia
  113. 113. «Planning of actions in emergency situationsin the Russian aviation: whether the processshould be harmonized with the policy of the European countries» Presentation by “Airport Tolmachevo” General Director Alexander V.Borodin 116
  114. 114. Planning of actions in emergency situations in the Russianaviation is implemented in accordance with the Air Legislation of Russian Federation worked out on the basis of ICAO  Air Code of Russian Federation.  Federal Law.  Decree of the President of Russian Federation.  Decrees of Russian Federation government.  Federal Regulations of the air space use.  Federal Aviation Regulations,And other adopted normative legal acts 117
  115. 115. Abnormal situation means a serious and dangeroussituation when a technological process or equipmentconditions are not able to function normally and maylead to any emergencies.Emergency means a situation when any conditions ,phenomenon or circumstances may lead to theaccident.Extreme situation means circumstances emerged inthe result of an accident, a catastrophe, a naturaldisaster or other disasters which can lead or has ledto the human tolls, damage to health of people orenvironment and significant material loss. 118
  116. 116. Aviation events are divided into: Aviation Aviation Production accidents incidents incidents Extreme situation Aircraft damagesAir crash Failure 119
  117. 117. General examples of abnormal situations at the airports: :1 Incidents with aircrafts. Accumulation of departing passengers at the airports and the2 lack of information about flights.3 Abundant snowfalls and snowdrifts banks on the runway.4 Sick passengers on board and delivery of health care.5 Localization and deactivation of suspicious mobile things. 120
  118. 118. Absolute measure of safety flights of the aircrafts in the commercial aviation 121
  119. 119. Relative measures of safe flights performing regular passengers traffic by aircrafts of commercial aviation 122
  120. 120. Changing tendencies of air accidents part related to disturbance of meteorological minimum in the total number of accidentsThe main factors: Сrew errors. Сontrol tower service’serrors. Аviation technicalfailures. Аirfield support serviceerrors and breaches.Weather conditions. 123
  121. 121. Rossaviation is controlling the conditions of safety flights of aviacarriers and at the airports on the constant base It is able to reduce the level State Program of flights safety of air accidents up provision of civil aviation aircrafts to 2-2,5 times. The System of safety flights control (SSFC) was put into operation in January 2010 Recognizing of actual and potential dangers of SF. Assurance of taking the correct actions which are necessary for decrease of risk factors influence. Constant monitoring and regular evaluation of achieved level of SF. 124
  122. 122. Aviation safety is an important characteristic of aircrafts The growth of terrorism in Russia and in the world. The tension of crime atmosphere in the country Strengthening of interregional relations of organized criminal groups Growth of their financial capability and technical equipment Suppression and prevention of such an activity is regulated by the State normative documents including Conception of National Security of Russian Federation 125 3
  123. 123. Novosibirsk Airport (Tolmachevo) is the largest hub of Siberia and Far East• It is situated on the crossing of routes stretching from South-eastern Asia to Europeand from North America to India and Asia• It has great potential to develop as the largest passenger and cargo hub behind Ural 126
  124. 124. Novosibirsk Airport (Tolmachevo) is a modern, high technological hub Airport rout net • Airportrout net numbers about 80 international and internal directions to be served by regular and charter flightsIn the airport rates by the total amount ofpassengers transportation – the 6th place.•In the period from 2001 to 2011 the number of servedaviapassengers increased from 1 to 2,7 million people(growth up to 2,7 times)•On the 21st of September this year the airportmaintained the 2 millionth passenger by 2 months earlier 127than in 2010.
  125. 125. RUNWAY -2 September 25, 2010 Runway-2 was put into operation, certified by ICAO category II • Runway -2 sized 3 600 m x 45 m. • Covering– cement concrete. • PCN 76/R/B/W/T.Expenses to modernize airport:•Federal budget- 3 bln.rub.;•State support of Government of theNovosibirsk region – 115 mln.rub.;•JSC ” Airport Tolmachevo”– 1,5 bln.rub. 128 2
  126. 126. JSC ” Airport Tolmachevo” is a leader of Russia air space Measures of efficiency of safety flights (risk indicators): Index of flight safety = Amount of events in a year/ Amount of the serviced aircrafts in a year∙1000№ Aviation events 2009 year 2010 yearп/п 1 Aviation events are stuff-caused 0 0 2 Aviation incidents are stuff-caused 0 0 3 Cases of an unauthorized departure on the runway 0 0 4 Damage of the aircraft 0.25 0 5 Danger from the foreign objects 0.25 0.14 6 Collision of the aircraft with the birds on the airdrome 0.33 0 7. The number of normative documents violations 2.41 2.31 maintaining the aircraft 129
  127. 127. JSC”Tolmachevo Airport”is a leader of Russia air space Novosibirsk Airport (Tolmachevo) operates in adverse climate conditions One of the Airport Management main tasks is finding out possible abnormal situations and emergencies and their prevention a In case of any emergency— minimization of influence on the environment (including human health).The time of electrical supply interruption is 130not more than 1 second.
  128. 128. JSC”Tolmachevo Airport”is a leader of Russia air space Heat supply system reconstruction For regular heat supplying of the facilities the boiler house is exploited. The main fuel is gas, the reserved fuel is diesel. The diesel reserve for two days (155 ton) is kept in the airport territory.The total value of the technical reequipmentaccounts more than 50 mln. rub. 131
  129. 129. Technical support of the aviation security system Video control system numbers 336 TV cameras. The information is displayed on the video control system of aviation security service and Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia as well. For last 5 years more than 42 mln. rubles were spent for technical support of the aviation security service. In 2010 11, 7 mln. rubles that is more than in 2009 by 31 % was invested into the aviation security system development and directed against terrorism. 132
  130. 130. Providing of airport safety functioning Operational center meetings on the questions of airport security functioning are1 held on the regular bases. Necessary measures to protect perimeter of controlled area were2 implemented when runway – 2 put into operation.3 Video control system is equipped with additional video cameras.4 New checking out equipment were installed in the terminal B. Safety area near the airport and runway – 2 perimeter enclosure5 accord to the requirements of the Federal Aviation Regulations .6 Senior Inspectors of the aviation security system were certified. 133
  131. 131. Aviation security additional measures All airport entrances are checked. Luggage, hand bags are checked completely. Passengers and their documents are checked selectively. Access control and protection of controlled zone are strengthened. Since 2006 at the airport 29 inspections of Rotransnadzor, Prosecutors General’s Office, Federal Security Service and other control authorities. Significant violations and remarks were not reviled. 134
  132. 132. JSC”Tolmachevo Airport”is a leader of Russia air space Emergency and fire safety commission Chairman –Deputy Director General, Operations Deputies: Head of the Military Mobilization Department, Head of Search and Rescue Department.Commission Members: Chief Engineer, Chief Energetic,Chief Accountant, Heads of Departments and Services. 135
  133. 133. Tolmachevo airport is a leader of air transport in Russia Protection of staff from emergences of anthropogenic and natural character Warning and alert. Evacuation of staff. Personal protection equipment. Medical equipment. Special premises for the staff. Emergency and rescue actions. Medical aid for staff. 136
  134. 134. The structure of Search and Rescue department Head of service Deputy ChiefFire prevention Fire team group 137
  135. 135. Aircraft evacuationAirport is provided for the following equipmentto evacuate aircrafts: Pneumofabric lifts АПТП-30 and АПТП-40 with carrying ability of 200 tn. Equipment for lifting aircraft front part with carrying ability of 60 tn. Tow truck (ПБАВС-МВ) to tow aircraft with tractive effort of 70 tn. Other equipment. 138
  136. 136. The readiness of Search and Rescue Department (SRD or SPASOP)SRD is ready for the following operations: Searching of emergency zone. Searching and Rescue action. Evacuation of the injured and various valuables. Firefighting. Passenger and crew rescue in flight accidents. 139
  137. 137. Wrecking providing of flights СХЕМА оповещения и связи при проведении аварийно-спасательных работ на ВС, объектах, территории и в районе аэродрома Новосибирск (Толмачёво) Диспетчер КЦПС Диспетчер УВД Диспетчер ПВД 216-93-76 РПА РПР РЦ ЕС УВД 359-90-25, 359-90-31 216-94-58 Канал подачи сигнала «Тревога» Подтверждение о приеме сигнала «Тревога» или «Готовность» СМЕННЫЙ РУК-ТЕЛЬ (по Западно-Сибирское управлению производством) МТУ ВТ ФАВТ Диспетчер (координатор) Опер. деж. ФСБ ДДС УГАН НОТБ СФО ФСНСТ 216-92-41, 913-912-87-99 222-21-80 ПДСП 216-97-97 222-60-90 Оповещение по телефону 216-91-13, 17-64 913-068-27-02 Оповещение по телефонуГенеральный ЗГД по ВсПС ЗГД по Б и Р ЗГД по П Гл. инженер Опер. деж. Смен.спец.ИБП Эксплуатант Опер. деж. таможни директор 216-92-46 216-94-64 216-90-58 216-97-63 216-92-18 ВС ГО и ЧС 216-92-30 913-912-02-65 913-007-52-73 913-916-04-09 913-917-06-65 328-19-91 913-916-35-03 (представитель) 223-47-14 Дежурный913-006-70-07 КПП Начальник Диктор ИСО Начальник ВМО ДДС г.Обь Метео S7 Сервис 216-98-54Наблюдатель на УИП ООО «СибАК» 216-93-23 51-446, 51-447 962-826-44-54 59-576 913-916-00-15 216-96-97 359-90-75 СКП вышке 983-133-76-65 216-98-74 14-70 913-916-26-35 Циркулярное оповещение расчетов АСК Циркулярное оповещение Пожарно- Диспетчер Диспетчер ССТ Диспетчер СЭА Рук-ль АСР Диспетчер ИАС Диспетчер Здравпункт Диспетчерспасательная команда ПЦН 216-90-09 216-91-55 216-91-25 216-90-59 ООО «СибАК» 216-97-57 КОГиПП216-94-60, 18-52 01, 216-90-05 16-05 15-94 913-915-60-95 16-05 216-97-59 216-92-05ЦУС ГПС Группа перронного Диспетчер Парк Тайм РМА УВО Дежурная часть См. инженер Обская ЦРБ Скорая мед. Медицина222-44-90 контроля ПЧ-46 913-912-85-28 216-99-20 ЛОВД отдела связи 216-91-75 помощь катастроф 216-98-49 216-96-55 216-91-27 216-92-67 О3 140 271-86-32
  138. 138. The readiness of Search and Rescue DepartmentThe following operations to prevent emergencies are performed: Theoretical training of staff, briefings for fire safety and actions in emergencies. Monthly trainings on firefighting in aircrafts and airport facilities with each fire team. Complex Trainings to perform rescue on the airside. Professional skills competitions. 141
  139. 139. Airport Safety functioningDuring 9 months 2011 airport held 15 complex trainings with rescue teams, airport staff, and mutually acting organizations (Ministry ofEmergency of Russia in the Novosibirsk Region, firefighting unit– 46 and Emergency unit of town of Ob, Novosibirsk region). 142
  140. 140. Priority tasks on the airport safety functioning Evaluation airport vulnerability New safety systems implementation. Realization of transport security plan. Modernizing of security level to the new requirements. Division of Specially trained dogs. Testing of perimeter security system Biometrical control 143
  141. 141. Thank you for your attention 144