Unit ii music of thailand

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Unit ii music of thailand

  1. 1. Unit II- Music of ThailandLesson 1: Vocal Music: NasalLesson 2: Musical Ensembles ofThailand Prepared by: Baranggay Two III Antimony
  2. 2. • Thailand is one of the countries in Southeast Asia. The tonal system of Thaati music is similar to the pentatonic scale of China. It is composed of seven tones but they usually omit the fourth and seventh note.
  3. 3. Lesson 1: Vocal Music: Nasal
  4. 4. • Most of the music of Thailand are in duple meter. The accent usually falls on the last beat and is marked by an intrument called Ching.• The melody is simple and it is sung with ornamentation but has no vibrato. It is characterized by a crescendo on sustained tones.
  5. 5. • Sing the song and use an improvised instrument to mark the accented beats.. Chaan gChaang , chaang, chaang Nu ruu oakchaang rue plaaw, Chaang man tua too may baw,Camusuk man yaaw riak waa nguang Saong kh Waa ngaa. Mii han, mi taa, haang yaaw.
  6. 6. Lesson 2: MusicalEnsembles of Thailand
  7. 7. What is anEnsemble?
  8. 8. • A musical ensemble is a group of two or more musicians who perform instrumental or vocal music. In each musical style different norms have developed for the sizes and composition of different ensembles, and for the repertoire of songs or musical works that these ensembles
  9. 9. Music Ensembles1. A piphat ( ) is a kind of ensemble in the classical music of Thailand, which features wind and percussion instruments. It is considered the primary form of ensemble for the interpretation of the most sacred and "high-class" compositions of the Thai classical repertoire.
  10. 10. Music Ensembles• including the Buddhist invocation entitled sathukan (Thai: as well as the suites called phleng rueang. It is also used to accompany traditional Thai theatrical and dance forms including khon (Thai: masked dance- drama), lakhon (classical dance), and shadow puppet
  11. 11. PiphatEnsemle
  12. 12. 1. piphata. Pinai- woodwindinstrument - It plays themelody
  13. 13. 1. piphatb. The ranat ek ( )is a Thai xylophone.It has 21 or 22 woodenbars suspended by cordsover a boat-shapedtrough resonator,and is played with twomallets. It is used as a leadinginstrument in the piphat ensemble.
  14. 14. 1. piphatc. The khong wong lek ( ), is agong circle used in Thai classicalmusic. It has 18 tuned bossed gongs.
  15. 15. 1. piphatd. The taphon ( )is a traditional drumof Thailand. It isbarrel-shaped, withtwo heads, and isplayed by the hands and fingers of bothhands.
  16. 16. 1. piphate. Klong That- drum - The rhythm provider
  17. 17. 1. piphatf. The ching ( ) are small bowl- shaped finger cymbals of thick and heavy bronze, with a broad rim commonly used in Cambodia and Thailand.
  18. 18. Music Ensembles2. Mahori ( ) now means an ensemble composed of the stringed and percussion instruments, it originally refer only to the string ensemble. Prince Damrong was of the opinion that mahori was invented by the ancient Khmer and was later adopted and elaborated by the Thai (1931:3).
  19. 19. Music Ensembles• Originally the mahori consisted of four members: a krajappi, a saw sam sai, a thone, and a singer who also kept time with the krap phuang. traditionally played by women in the courts of both Central Thailand and Cambodia. It combines the xylophones and gong circles of the piphat with the strings of the khruang sai
  20. 20. MahoriEnsemle
  21. 21. 2. Mahoria. The ranat is a kind of percussion instrument which evolved from the grap. Originally a pair of grap where used to keep the rhythm. It can be Ranat Ek or Ranat Ayk.
  22. 22. 2. Mahorib. The khong wong lek ( ), is agong circle used in Thai classicalmusic. It has 18 tuned bossed gongs.
  23. 23. 2. Mahoric. The Chake(chakee) is the three- stringed floor zither of Thailand called the alligator zither. The chake has raised frets, two thick nylon strings and one brass string that pass over a flattened metal bridge that gives the instrument a characteristic buzzing sound similar to the sitar.
  24. 24. 2. Mahorid. The Saw sam sai ( ) simply sam sai, literally "three stringed fiddle”, is a traditional bowed string instrument of Thailand. Its body is made from a special type of coconut covered on one end with animal skin, and it has three silk strings.
  25. 25. 2. Mahorie. The Saw Duang ( )is a bowed string instrumentused in Thai music. it hasa higher pitch than a saw-u.It has a hardwood soundboxcovered on the playing endWith python skin.
  26. 26. 2. Mahorif. The Thon, a small goblet drum is also used in Thai traditional music. The drum is made of lathe-spun wood which is covered with goat skin.
  27. 27. Music Ensembles3. Khruang sai ( ), is a musical ensemble in Thai classical music which consists primarily of string instruments. A typical khruang sai ensemble features two-string fiddles, one high and one low saw duang and saw sam sai, a three-string zither called Chake, a vertical flute called khlui, hand drums, and
  28. 28. Music Ensembles• The khruang sai is one of the quietest and most intimate ensembles in Thai classical music. It is used to accompany singing, dances, and holidays. It also used in impromptu occasions requiring music.
  29. 29. Khruang Saay Ensemle
  30. 30. 4. Khruang Saaya. The Chake(chakee) is the three- stringed floor zither of Thailand called the alligator zither. The chake has raised frets, two thick nylon strings and one brass string that pass over a flattened metal bridge that gives the instrument a characteristic buzzing sound similar to the sitar.
  31. 31. 4. Khruang Saayb. The Saw sam sai ( ) simply sam sai, literally "three stringed fiddle”, is a traditional bowed string instrument of Thailand. Its body is made from a special type of coconut covered on one end with animal skin, and it has three silk strings.
  32. 32. 4. Khruang Saayc. The Saw Duang ( )is a bowed string instrumentused in Thai music. it hasa higher pitch than a saw-u.It has a hardwood soundboxcovered on the playing endWith python skin.
  33. 33. 4. Khruang Saayd. the khlui ( ), is avertical duct flute fromThailand. It is generallymade of bamboo, thoughinstruments are alsomade from hardwoodor plastic.
  34. 34. Thank You andMabuhay!
  35. 35. Tanaleon, KrizsaBaranggay 2(III-Antimony) Tienzo, Mirzi Tiu, Cazarina Alvarez, Ganimid Jr., D. YabuT, CaroLine Bacani, Gabriel Zapanta, Marian Adornado, Ansherina

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