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Touch screen technology by GVV


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Touch screen technology by GVV

  1. 1. TOUCH SCREEN TECHNOLOGY Presented By : Ganesh V Vadulekar
  2. 2.  Introduction  History  Components  Applications  Advantages & Disadvantages
  3. 3. Introduction  A touch screen is an electronic visual display that can detect the presence and location of a touch within the display area.  Touch screen can also sense other passive objects such as stylus.  Touch screen technology is becoming a part of our everyday lives now.
  4. 4. History  Invented by E.A. Johnson (Royal Radar Est.) around 1965 for air traffic control  HP-150 home computer using infrared technology in 1983  1993 Apple’s Newton and IBM’s Simon  2002 Microsoft’s Windows XP Tablet  2007 Apple’s iPhone (Multi-touch)
  5. 5. How Does a Touch screen Work?  A basic touchscreen has three main components: 1 Touch sensor; 2 Controller; 3 Software driver. The touchscreen is an input device, so it needs to be combined with a display and a PC or other device to make a complete touch input system.
  6. 6.  A touch screen sensor is a clear glass panel with a touch response area.  The touch sensor is placed over a display screen so that the responsive area of the panel covers the viewable area of the screen.
  7. 7. Controller  The controller connect between the touch sensor and the PC.  Take information from the touch sensor and translate it into information that PC can understand.
  8. 8. Software driver  The driver allow the touch screen and computer to work together  This makes touching the screen as same as clicking the your mouse at the same location on the screen.
  9. 9. Touch Screen Technology  Four different technologies used to make touch screens today:  Resistive  Capacitive  SurfaceAcousticWave (SAW)  Infrared LED or Optical
  10. 10. Resistive Touch Screens  Two layers of conductive material  Touch creates contact between resistive layers completing circuit  Voltage in circuit changes based on position  Controller determines location based on voltages  Any material can trigger sensors
  11. 11. Capacitive Touch Screens  Glass panel with conductive layer (IndiumTin Oxide)  Small amount of voltage applied to four corners of touch screen
  12. 12. Surface Acoustic Wave Touch Screens  Surface consists of glass overlay with transmitting and receiving transducers  Electrical signals sent to the transmitting transducers converts to ultrasonic waves  Waves are directed across screen by reflectors then directed to receiving transducers  When finger touches screen it absorbs waves
  13. 13. Infrared/Optical Touch Screens  Uses infrared LEDs and matching photodetectors  Touching screen interrupts LEDs  Cameras detect reflected LED caused by touch  Controller able to calculate coordinates from camera data
  14. 14. Applications  ATMS  DUALTOUCH SCREEN LAPTOPS.  SMART PHONES,IPAD  GROCERY STORES.  MUSEUMS.  CORPORATE INFORMATION  Interactive Kiosks and learning stations  Digital Camera
  15. 15. ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES  User friendly  Fast response  Error free input  Use finger , fingernail , gloved hands , stylus or any soft tip pointer  Easy to clean  Does not interfere mouse and keyboard  Make computing easy , powerful and fun  It benefits children  Finger stress  Fingerprints  screen has to be really big not to miss things when pressing them with your finger  big screen leads to low battery life  touch screen means screen can’t be read too well in direct sunlight as it applies an additional not 100% transparent  Fatigue
  16. 16. Conclusion  Designers are trying to use touch screen to simplify input commands  Today , touch screen has becomes adopted by computers users of all abilities because it is simple, fast and innovative.  In future there is no usage of mouse and keyboards as they will be replaced by touch screen.
  17. 17. Any Question ????
  18. 18. Thank You