Group decision making technique


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Group decision making technique

  1. 1. Group Decision Making Techniques
  2. 2. Various techniques used for Group decision making <ul><li>Decision made by authority without group discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Decision by expert </li></ul><ul><li>Decision by averaging individuals' opinions </li></ul><ul><li>Decision made by authority after group discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Decision by minority </li></ul><ul><li>Decision by majority vote </li></ul><ul><li>Decision by consensus </li></ul>
  3. 3. Decision made by authority without group discussion • Team may not understand decision or be unable to implement decision • Commonly used in organizations when simple decision is to be made • No group interaction • Takes minimal time to make decision Weaknesses Strengths
  4. 4. Decision by expert • No group interaction   • Unclear how to determine who the expert is (team members may have different opinions) • Useful when one person on the team has the overwhelming expertise Weaknesses Strengths
  5. 5. Decision by averaging individuals' opinions • May damage future team effectiveness • Unresolved conflict may exist • Urgent decisions can be made • Commitment to decision may not be strong • Useful when it is difficult to get the team together to talk • Opinions of least and most knowledgeable members may cancel Group members consulted • No group interaction, team members are not truly involved in the decision • Extreme opinions cancelled out Weaknesses Strengths
  6. 6. Decision made by authority after group discussion • Still may not have commitment from the team to the decision   • Team may compete for the leader’s attention • Team is not part of decision • Listening to the team increases the accuracy of the decision Weaknesses Strengths
  7. 7. Decision by minority • Still may not have commitment from team to decision • May create an air of competition among team members • Useful for large number of decisions and limited time • May not have full team commitment to decision • Method often used by executive committees Weaknesses Strengths
  8. 8. Decision by majority vote • Full group interaction is not obtained • May have unresolved and unaddressed conflict   • Minority opinion not discussed and may not be valued • Useful when the complete team-member commitment is unnecessary for implementing a decision • Team is viewed as the “winners and the losers”; reduces the quality of decision • Useful when there is insufficient time to make decision by consensus Weaknesses Strengths
  9. 9. Decision by consensus • Active listening used   • Team members “feel understood” • Difficult to convince each and every member of te group • All team members express their thoughts and feelings • Takes more time than methods 1–6 • Most effective method of team decision making Weaknesses Strengths