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02 Chap 3 The Physical And Human Environment (Jan 08)


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02 Chap 3 The Physical And Human Environment (Jan 08)

  1. 1. The Physical and Human Environment Chapter 3
  2. 2. What will I learn Today? <ul><li>How to differentiate between the physical and human environment </li></ul><ul><li>To contrast different people-environment relationships </li></ul>
  3. 3. Our Environment <ul><li>Environment simply means the surroundings in which we live </li></ul><ul><li>It can be your block of flats, neighbourhood or school </li></ul><ul><li>The environment can be physical or human </li></ul>
  4. 4. Environment Physical Environment Human Environment Things that occur naturally on Earth (eg. Mountains, Volcanoes) Environment which is man-made
  5. 5. Physical Environment <ul><li>The physical environment consists of physical features that occur naturally on earth such as mountains, rivers and forests </li></ul><ul><li>Physical environment can be divided as follows: </li></ul><ul><li>The layer of air that surrounds the Earth </li></ul><ul><li>The Earth’s solid and rocky land surface </li></ul><ul><li>The bodies of water on the Earth, consisting of rivers, lakes, seas and ice caps </li></ul><ul><li>The living environment that includes all living things </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Physical Environment Land Landforms, rocks Water Rivers, lakes, oceans Air Weather, climate Living environment Natural Vegetation Wildlife
  7. 7. Physical Environment <ul><li>Largely made up of physical elements </li></ul><ul><li>Can you think of examples of physical elements around you? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Human Environment <ul><li>We need the physical environment to meet our needs </li></ul><ul><li>We obtain food from plants and animals, wood from trees and water from rivers </li></ul><ul><li>Materials we use from the physical environment is called natural resources </li></ul><ul><li>When we extract and use these natural resources we often change the physical environment </li></ul>
  9. 9. Human Environment <ul><li>Composed largely of human elements. </li></ul><ul><li>- Human modifications/ changes to the physical environment (e.g. building industries, offices, clearing forests for residential uses) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Human Environment <ul><li>We say that a human environment is formed when a physical environment is changed as a result of human activities </li></ul><ul><li>Some example of human environments are villages and cities </li></ul>
  11. 11. People and the Environment <ul><li>An interrelationship exists between people and the environment </li></ul><ul><li>The environment influences the way people live and people change the environment according to their needs </li></ul><ul><li>Physical environment has been altered with the help of technology </li></ul><ul><li>Technology here refers to the skills, knowledge and tools that people use to meet their needs </li></ul>
  12. 12. Living in a largely Physical Environment <ul><li>Kalahari Desert in Southern Africa – home to the !Kung Bushmen </li></ul><ul><li>The !Kung Bushmen have made few changes to the environment by only using simple tools </li></ul><ul><li>They use leaves from bushes and grass to make shelters </li></ul>
  13. 14. The !Kung Bushmen (Kalahari Desert- South Africa) <ul><li>Use simple tools and technology (e.g. Arrows and Sticks) </li></ul><ul><li>Gather wild fruits by hands and hunt wild animals for food </li></ul><ul><li>Use leaves to build houses </li></ul><ul><li>Environment provides !Kung Bushmen with their needs </li></ul><ul><li>Kalahari Desert is still a physical environment </li></ul>
  14. 15. Living in a largely human Environment Singapore
  15. 17. Living in a largely Human Environment <ul><li>Singaporeans have modified their surrounding to a large extent </li></ul><ul><li>They have changed the physical environment to achieve a human environment </li></ul><ul><li>For example, Singapore uses land reclamation to overcome the problem of land shortage </li></ul><ul><li>Singapore is a human environment </li></ul>
  16. 18. 1920 : View of Orchard Road looking towards Dhoby Ghaut showing the old Orchard Road Market
  17. 19. Orchard Road now!!